Tuesday, May 03, 2016

May specials from DX Stamps & Supplies


Dear Customer,

Below are specials for May 2016. Hope you find something you can use!

 If you need a current stamp list or supply list, I can mail or email it to you.

NEWS: Still have a supply of $1.15 in 3 stamps: 100 for $90.ppd or 300 for $260.ppd

MORE NEWS:    Global forevers stock almost gone....order soon if you enjoy using these. 

IDEA:  Slightly damaged Deluxe QSL Album only $34.00 -or- buy 2 for only $60.!!

 NEW RATES: Uruguay rate now $60, up from $50


If you hear of or notice any new rates, let me know.

NEW PRICES: 


IN STOCK AGAIN:  Thailand

STAMPS ON BACK ORDER:  Fiji, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Turkey.


U.S. DISCOUNT POSTAGE DEALS!!

Save Big on your domestic mailings when you plaster
your envelope with colorful stamps.
47c Units
Forever
in 2 stamps
in 3 stamps
in 4 stamps
in 5 stamps
x 100
$45.00
$40.00
$39.00
$38.00
$37.00
x 200
$87.00
$78.00
$76.00
$74.00
$72.00
x 400
xx
$152.00
$148.00
$142.00
$137.00

International Rate
$1.15 Units
Global forever
x 20
$22.00
x 100
$100.00
x 200
$200.00
x 500
xxx
ORDER NOW!

 MAY 2016  DX  STAMP  SPECIALS
2 Germany-$2.60    2 Russia-$2.60    3 Japan-$3.90  
2 UK-$3.00    2 France-$3.60    2 Spain-$4.00

 U.S. Postage Deals!!
200 x 47c in 2 stamps: regular price $78, this month $73. or
400 x 47c in 2 stamps: regular price $152, this month only $140.ppd!!!

 MAY 2016  DX  SUPPLY  SPECIALS
200/200 European Mailers and Returns -$40.00
400/400 European Air Mailers and Air Returns - $75.00
600/600 European Air Mailers and Air Returns - $100.00
200/200 Stateside Mailers and Returns - $19.00

Priority Mail Shipping Rates: Orders up to $40.00 add $9.00, orders from $41.00 to $100.00 add $15.00. orders from $101.00 to $150.00 add $20.00, orders over $150.00 add 15%. When ordering supplies and stamps, the stamps ride free, just use supply total to figure shipping costs. Shipments to Canada and overseas ship at a greater cost. (07/2015 modified)

Stamps Only Orders: Just add $1.00 P&H for posting to USA, add $2.00 for posting to Canada.

73, bill

William Plum
12 Glenn Road
Flemington, NJ 08822
908 788 1020

Email: plumdx@msn.com





Radio Habana Cuba celebrates 55 years

(via playdx)
Special thanks to Arnie Coro, for sharing his program script in honor of the 55th Anniversary of Radio Havana Cuba

Radio Havana Cuba
Dxers Unlimited
Dxers Unlimiteds weekend edition for 1 May 2016
By Arnie Coro
Radio amateur CO2KK
Hi amigos radioaficionados, welcome to the weekend edition of Dxers  Unlimited,  today l am happy to celebrate with you all the 55th Anniversary of Radio Havana Cuba Yes amigos, it was on the first day of May of 1961, during the May Day celebrations when Cuba hadwas just won the battle against the mercenary invasion that we went on the air using our present name Radio Havana Cuba Two announcers, Orlando Castellanos and Fernando Alcorta announced to the world that Radio Havana Cuba, was on the air Previously we had used the name Cuban Experimental Short Wave, but from May one of 1961, we are known worldwide as Radio Havana Cuba
So today is a very special day remembering those who have passed away after many years of valuable services to our station, like Pedro Costa the General Administration Manager, Carlos Estrada our Chief Engineer, and former Director Generals Marcos Behamaras. Orlando Fundora, Jose Antonio Caiñas and Alfredo Viñas. I also keep very nice memories of Angel Hernandez our bilingual announcer with the most effective voice for short wave radio that I can recall, and also I remember Manolo Ortega, reading our Spanish language editorials so that they could be heard clearly through his powerful voice
Si amigos, I was there at the station 55 years ago as a young radio technician in charge of supervising the operations of our studios and transmitters that at that time included four Brown Boveri Swiss made short wave transmitters connected to a still under construction antennas farm, and the two studios borrowed from Radio Progreso until we could finish building our first studios .
The history of Radio Havana Cuba is full of very relevant moments, like the day that our Experimental Station announced to the world that the mercenary invasion that entered the Bay of Pigs had been defeated after sixty six hours of fierce combats .
With a lot of enthusiast and the impacting presence of a new generation of announcers, journalista , technicians, engineers and support personell we are moving ahead to provide the best possible programming keeping our short wave transmittinf facilities because we do believe on the use of international short wave broadcasting, while not disregarding the feeding of streaming audio to the Internet-
Yes amigos this is Radio Havana Cuba, using short wave frequencies at different times of the day on the 16, 19, 22, 25 ,31, 49 and 60 meters bands and now our next radio hobby related item, a very popular section of this show under the name   Antenna Topics , that is dedicated today , at the request of several listeners to a very effective Dxing antenna, low take off angle radiator, known as the HENTENNA, A great number of listeners  from all around the world  have written to me recently, asking to learn more about  this Japanese  antenna desing , known as the HENTENNA, that seems to continue to be making headlines in radio publications around the  world once again But before telling you more about the mysterious HENTENNA. A solar activity update believe it or not, we are seen the solar flux moving up to very near 100 units for the first time in many weeks following the typical ups and downs of the tail end of solar cycle 24 so  propagation conditions have improved on the short wave bands . Now back to the HENTENNA...
By the way, the first original report about the HENTENNA that went on the air  here at Dxers Unlimited, dates back to  1999,more precisely, it went on the air the 12th of October of 1999, and  according to my records, it  then generated a lot of interest from our listeners, who were at that time, 1999, getting ready to enjoy the peak  years of solar dream solar cycle 23 !!! >Never as poweful as super cycle 19, but nevertheless much better than the present very poor cycle 24
So amigos here is  at the request of Dxers Unlimiteds fans , a special Dxers Unlimited's report on the HENTENNA, the Japanese elongated  rectangular loop antenna with an easy  match to coaxial cable feedlines of any impedance, be it 50, 60 ,75 or 93 ohms...or even 150 ohms !!! Of course that you can feed it with parallel transmission line of 300 to 450 ohms too, it is just a matter of minutes to find the perfect match for the feedline in use ..
Let me start by saying that  I recently built yet another HENTENNA for the FM broadcast band, and it  is working nicely, having already picked up some Sporadic E skip DX stations from Mexico, the US and Puerto Rico during first few days of this year's   spring and summer  E skip season .
Now you will have to learn something very unusual about the HENTENNA...  the HENTENNA produces or receives VERTICALLY  polarized waves when the antenna is placed horizontally; that is, with  the long sides of the rectangular loop paralell to the ground. AND, if you want horizontal polarization, just flip the HENTENNA so that the long sides  of the loop are vertical, and the short sides are parallel to the  ground, something that is puzzling, but thats the way it is amigos
By the way, one of the world's foremost antenna experts, Dr. L. B.  Cebik, amateur radio operator W4RNL, did during his fruitful life an extensive analysis of  elongated loops, and his findings are really fascinating. Dr. Cebik , now sorrily a silent key specialized in computer modeling of complex antenna systems, and his work with the HENTENNA and other similar elongated loops shows that the  HENTENNA is a very good performer indeed.

In a few seconds, be ready to write down, the formulas for calculating HENTENNAS  in the frequency range from 14 megaHertz all the way up to 220 megaHertz.
And now, as promised  more about the japanese wonder antenna... the  HENTENNA. Dr. Cebik's computer modeling shows that the elongated loop HENTENNA has an edge over a regular square one  wavelength loop and the regular elongated loop.
HENTENNAS for receiving FM broadcast signals are very easy to build,  using a wooden or PVC pipe frame and copper wire. I built the one just
mentioned cut for 100 megaHertz, using PVC insulated no. 12 wire, the  one that is typically used for home wiring.
The loop was closed by soldering with a butane torch, and using regular  solder with rosin core... The reason for using the butane torch is that no soldering iron at hand here could handle the heavy wire PLUS the high  speed heat transfer of the copper wire.
The loop for the 100 megaHertz antenna is 1.5 meters on the long sides of the rectangle and 50 centimeters on the short sides. The feed point  for the 50 ohm cable is was found to be  located about 55 centimeters from one of the  short sides of the loop.
The antenna is installed with the long sides in a vertical position; for receiving horizontally polarized FM broadcasts. I tried both 50 ohms and  75 ohms coaxial cables, and could not detect any difference on the  weakest station that I am picking up here regularly with the FM band HENTENNA.

Again, now please pay extra attention ...if you want to make of these elongated loops for receiving, here  are the measurements to use: for the long sides of the rectangle 1/2 of  a wavelength at the operating frequency, for the short side, the length  is 1/6 of a wavelength... and the connection point for the coaxial cable  of 50 ohms impedance is a little more than 1/6 of wavelength from one of the short sides of the rectangle, and it must be found experimentally by locating the point that provides the minimum standing wave ratio.
HENTENNAS can be built for any frequency between 10 megaHertz and 300
megaHertz by using heavy WIRE, and for the frequency range from about 50  megaHertz to 500 megaHertz you may try building HENTENNAS with copper or  aluminum tubing.
Hope to have you all listening to my middle of the week edition of Dxers Unlimited amigos and do enjoy the improved short wave propagation conditions now in progress, especially after your local sunset




The Radio Scene in the Cook Islands - The Early Years

The Pacific Island nation known as the Cook Islands is made up of 15 widely separated islands or atolls in the exotic South Pacific, with a combined area of just 93 square miles.  The northernmost island is Penrhyn, and the southernmost is Mangaia, with 900 miles of almost empty ocean in between.
            This cluster of exotic islands lies in the warm tropics a little south of the equator, about halfway between Hawaii and Antarctica.  Each island/atoll is the top of an extinct volcanic mountain rising up from the ocean floor with a surrounding coral reef.  The almost circular main island is Rarotonga, no more than seven miles across, with Avarua as its capital and largest town.
            The total resident population of all islands is only 15,000, though four times that number, some 60,000 Cook Islanders, now live in New Zealand, mainly in the North Island.  The two official languages are English and Cook Island Maori, which is very similar to New Zealand Maori.  In addition, several different, though generally mutually understood dialects, are spoken in the varied islands.
            The Cook Islands flag shows the British Union Jack in the canton area, with a circle of 15 white stars on a blue background in the fly area.  The Union Jack acknowledges the country's long time association with the British Empire, the blue background recognizes that it is a maritime nation, and the circle of 15 white stars honors each of the main 15 island/atolls that make up this combined nation.
            The major income for the Cook Islands is tourism, with 100,000 visitors each year, mostly from New Zealand, though also from the United States and elsewhere; the most prolific local food sources are fishing and tropical fruits; and the accepted currencies are the Cook Island dollar and the New Zealand dollar.
            The first inhabitants in the Cook Islands were Polynesian peoples from Tahiti and they migrated into the islands about 1½ thousand years ago.  The first European to see the islands, was the Spanish explorer Álvaro de Mendaña y Neira, and he sighted Pukapuka Island in the year 1595.  Then eleven years later, the first European ashore in the Cook Islands was the Portuguese mariner serving Spain, Pedro Fernandes de Queirós and he visited             Rakahanga Island.
            The famous English explorer Captain James Cook named this island cluster the Hervey Islands at the time of his first visit in 1773.  However, it was the Russians who gave them their permanent name.  A Russian map printed in the 1820s showed the Hervey Islands under the name Cook islands, thus honoring the English mariner, and acknowledging the English jurisdiction.
            The first Christian missionaries settled in the Cook Islands in 1821, and quite quickly the islanders accepted this religion that was so new to them.  In 1888, the Cook Islands became a British protectorate, in 1900 the territories were ceded to Great Britain; in 1901 the  islands were incorporated into the Dominion of New Zealand; and on August 5, 1965, the islands were granted independence with free association with New Zealand.
            The first wireless station in the Cook Islands was installed close to the settlement of Avarua, right on the beach front on the northernmost edge of the island of Rarotonga.  The land for this new international communication facility was acquired in 1915, though there was a delay in installing the equipment due to the war that was raging in continental Europe at the time.
            Early in the year 1918, work began on the installation of the wireless station, and on April 20, a temporary receiving station, consisting simply of an antenna and a crystal set receiver, were taken into official service.  The complete new wireless station, transmitter and receiver, was inaugurated on September 2, under the callsign VMR.
            The Cook Islands wireless station was modernized in the 1920s with the installation of electronic valve equipment; and in the process of time, the callsign was amended to ZKS, with the usage also of a subsequent callsign ZKA.  This station was developed by Cable & Wireless and it was nationalized into Cook Islands Communications in 1991.  
            It seems that the original wireless building is still in use, though these days apparently as a dwelling, and it can be seen on Google Earth at 21 12 00 S & 159 48 30 W.           
            The first radio broadcasting station in the Cook Islands was an informal and unofficial station that was orchestrated by the well known international radioman, Alan Roycroft, the son in an English migrant family that settled in New Zealand.  During the year 1944, Alan Roycroft was serving in radio communications with the Royal New Zealand Air Force on Rarotonga Island. 
            Roycroft modified a low powered longwave airways beacon for part time usage as a mediumwave program broadcasting transmitter.  This radio transmitter was located in association with the airport on the northern edge of the island and it was on the air with an irregular program schedule. We would imagine that the radio broadcasts were compiled from a few locally produced programs and relays from international shortwave stations that were audible on a local shortwave receiver.

            Some ten years later, the first officially recognized experimental broadcasts on mediumwave began at Avarua on Rarotonga; and that’s where we pick up the story again next time.
(AWR-Wavescan/NWS 374)

The New Madagascar World Voice

At 4:00 am Madagascar time on March 27, 2016, on an island off the south east coast of Africa, World Christian Broadcasting’s second station Madagascar World Voice began transmitting.  Ten years ago, construction of the station began and in spite of delays too numerous to mention, the sign on day finally took place.
            When the switch was flipped on, a two way Skype transmission enabled friends of the ministry in Franklin TN at the World Christian Broadcasting programming center and at Anchor Point Alaska at KNLS, to see what was happening at the new station.  A standing room only crowd gathered in Franklin to be a part of this momentous event.  

The ministry’s first station KNLS has been on the air since 1983.

Within just a few hours, the station began receiving emails from people all over the world who picked up the signal from Madagascar.  They heard from shortwave enthusiasts in Sri Lanka, India, Russia, Finland, England, Germany, the United Arab Emirates, Belgium, Italy, Colombia, Sweden, and points in the United States from Massachusetts to California.
            One man wrote that his first QSL was from KNLS 30 years ago.  They sent him a mini red Bible that he still has to this day.  Another listener in Kursk Russia wrote: I am listening to your broadcast and it feels good in my soul.
            The construction work at Madagascar World Voice was delayed numerous times over the past decade due mainly to a coup d’etat in Madagascar together with the resulting political chaos that went on for years.  However, finally a new government came into power on the island and they approved the final phases of the station’s construction. 

            Madagascar World Voice is broadcasting not only to Africa, but also to India, Russia, the Middle East, Europe, China and even South America.  World Christian Broadcasting has long been transmitting to China from KNLS in Alaska, but they have now begun a new broadcasts to China via Madagascar also.
            And while World Christian Broadcasting has been transmitting Spanish to Latin America through paid air time on stations in the western hemisphere, they are now endeavoring to do so from Madagascar as well.  Their Spanish programming is called La Voz de Alegria, The Happy Voice.  La Voz de Alegria in Spanish is produced by Rex Morgan in the Miami area, and it is broadcast from Madagascar World Voice to the Americas.
            Scheduling for the new Madagascar World Voice:-
                        MN00 - 0100   9600    English            India
                        0100 - 0200     9665    English            India
                        0200 - 0300     6190    Spanish           South America
                        0300 - 0400     6150    Spanish           Americas
                        0400 - 0500     9480    English            Africa
                        1700 - 1800     9570    Russian           Russia
                        1800 - 1900  17640     English            Africa
                        1900 - 2000  11945     Arabic              Iran
                        2000 - 2100  13710     Arabic              Egypt
                        2100 - 2200  11615     Chinese           Europe
                        2200 - 2300     9455    Chinese           China
                        2200 - 2300 11770      Arabic              North America
                        2300 - MN00   9535    Chinese           China  
                                               
            Charles Caudill: It was a long time coming, but here we are!
(AWR/Wavescan/NWS 373) 

The End of An Era: KDKA on Shortwave


We pick up the continuing story of KDKA shortwave once again, and on this occasion we look at the events beginning in the year 1931.  This was the time when KDKA mediumwave and shortwave moved from Forest Hills to a brand new station at Saxonburg Pennsylvania, a transfer from the east side of Pittsburgh to the north side.
            In an endeavor to improve mediumwave signal coverage into the main population areas of Pittsburgh, this move to their third location, was staged in 1931.  A huge new station was constructed on a site in Saxonburg, after a total of 62 different sites in the greater Pittsburgh areas had been examined, assessed and tested.
            A new transmitter building was constructed at Saxonburg on a property of 130 acres, and four new shortwave transmitters at a power level of 40 kW each were constructed on site.  The mediumwave KDKA transmitters were installed in the north end of the building, and the shortwave W8XK transmitters were installed in the south end.  At this new location, each of the four shortwave transmitters was fix-tuned for general operation, and the main antenna systems were directional rhombics beamed on Europe, Africa and South America. 
            In 1936, the quite recently organized FCC issued a decree requiring a separate license for each transmitter, though apparently a separate callsign for each was not required.  During the following year, a new antenna system was installed; and in early 1939, shortwave W8XK was on the air with 20 hours of daily programming that was heard almost worldwide. 
            With the clouds of warfare hanging over Europe in 1939, the FCC took action to regularize the callsigns of all of the shortwave stations in the United States.  On August 20, the FCC approved a batch of new shortwave calls, and W8XK would become WPIT. 
            The official date for the introduction of these new shortwave callsigns was September 1, 1939, though some stations adopted their new callsign a little early, and others were a little tardy.  It would appear that W8XK became WPIT just a few days before the official deadline. 
            However, parallel with the KDKA-WPIT mediumwave/shortwave enterprise in Pittsburgh Pennsylvania, Westinghouse was also developing another almost equally famous mediumwave/shortwave combination and this was WBZ-WBOS in the Boston area.  Westinghouse laid plans to combine the two shortwave facilities into the one unit. 
            Early in the year 1940, Westinghouse applied for FCC approval to close WPIT Saxonburg and to consolidate their shortwave endeavors at a new location at Hull on the Nantucket Peninsula opposite Boston.  On May 8, the FCC granted a CP, Construction Permit, to shortwave station WPIT for a transmitter upgrade to 50 kW at this new location.
            Due to the inevitable delays associated with a major project of this nature, the FCC in May and again in August granted WPIT an extension in order to complete the transfer.  As an unintentional finale honoring the end of the 20 years of Westinghouse shortwave service in the Pittsburgh area, all eight mediumwave and shortwave transmitters of KDKA-WPIT at Saxonburg were placed on the air for a special sports broadcast right towards the end of the year.
            In December (1940), station WPIT in Saxonburg was closed, and the studios and staff were transferred from Pittsburgh to Boston.  The new shortwave station WBOS was inaugurated on January 1, of the following year 1941.
            In summary, there were four consecutive locations for the Westinghouse shortwave stations in the Pittsburgh area. 
            The first location was in the second floor above the family garage at the corner of Penn and Peebles Streets in Wilkinsburg, and it was here that Dr. Frank Conrad was involved with various areas of shortwave experimentation and development during the years from 1920 to 1924 under the callsign 8XK.  In subsequent years, an Elk’s Lodge was constructed right against the housing property; and these days, a Wendy’s Restaurant occupies the corner property at 116 Peebles St, Pittsburgh, PA 15221, where once the Conrad residence stood.
            The second location for KDKA shortwave 8XK and 8XS was on the top floor at the western end of Building K in the Westinghouse factory complex at East Pittsburgh, and it was in use from 1922 - 1924.  Building K was demolished in 2007, and another modern industrial building was constructed on this spot, the Keystone Commons.
            The third Pittsburgh location for KDKA shortwave (W)8XK and (W)8XS was at the Westinghouse Research Center at 799 Barclay Ave in Forest Hills, PA 15221 and it was in use from 1924 - 1931.  Subsequently, the original transmitter building was incorporated into a larger structure which serves these days as the Westinghouse Lodge in Forest Hills. 

            The fourth Pittsburgh location for KDKA shortwave W8XK-WPIT was in the Westinghouse Research center at 375 Saxonburg Boulevard in Saxonburg, PA 16056, and it was in use from 1931 until the transfer of WPIT to Hull in Massachusetts in December 1940.  This property was donated to the Carnegie research organization where a nuclear cyclotron was installed, though in more recent time, a commercial company known as II-VI (that is 2-6 in Roman numerals) took over the property.  The original transmitter building still stands, as part of an enlarged structure.
(AWR/Wavescan/NWS 373)

Monday, May 02, 2016

The future of Azad Kashmir Radio in question

(via play-dx)
MIRPUR (AJK) - Due to non-payment of funds by the Pakistan Broadcasting Corporation, the news section of Azad Kashmir Radio Mirpur and FM-101 have reached at the verge of complete closure.
Now, there is an apprehension that its daily news transmissions may go off air at anytime, officials concerned said.
The PBC authorities at Islamabad have completely withdrawn, by now, the monthly funds of Rs80,000, allocated for the disbursement of remuneration of the staff including news translators and news readers, of the news section of AJK Radio Mirpur plus Radio FM-101. The slash in the allocated funds of the news section of the AK Radio Mirpur was practiced gradually for the last six months. The funds were curtailed from Rs80,000 to Rs20,000 and later withdrawn completely.
The complete stoppage of the monthly funds caused non-payment of the remuneration to the staffers. The ugly state of affairs has led the apprehensions of complete closure of the news section.

Isle of Music, May 2 programming



Our May 3 (May 2 in the Americas) program will feature two special guests with interviews and music:
1. Cuban Jazz/Fusion violinist William Roblejo, whose album Dreaming was nominated for a Cubadisco award in Instrumental Music, Opera Prima (New Artist) and Best Production in 2013.
2. Legendary Cuban guitarist Eliades Ochoa, a key member of Cuarteto Patria and the Buena Vista Social Club. He is on a brand new release, Guajira Más Guajira, and we'll listen to some of that.
We'll also feature some wonderful historic music by Roberto Faz and more of Danzas Para Piano de Ignacio Cervantes.
Two listening options on shortwave:
WBCQ, 7490 KHz, Tuesdays 0000 UTC (8pm EDT Mondays)
Channel 292, 6070 KHz, Tuesdays 1900 UTC (2100 CEST)
See the NOTES section of our Facebook page for more information

We now offer eQSLs (only) for reception reports  for From the Isle of Music sent for both transmissions  to tilfordproductions@gmail.com.  For a hardcopy QSL from WBCQ, listeners still need to contact them directly.

William "Bill" Tilford, Owner/Producer
Tilford Productions, LLC
5713 N. St. Louis Av
Chicago IL 60659-4405
email: bill@tilfordproductions.com
phone: 773.267.6548
website: www.tilfordproductions.com

Weekly Propagation Forecast Bulletins

Product: Weekly Highlights and Forecasts
:Issued: 2016 May 02 0421 UTC
# Prepared by the US Dept. of Commerce, NOAA, Space Weather Prediction Center
# Product description and SWPC web contact www.swpc.noaa.gov/weekly.html#
#                Weekly Highlights and Forecasts
#
Highlights of Solar and Geomagnetic Activity 25 April - 01 May 2016

Solar activity was reached low levels this period. A total of seven low-level C-class flares were observed through the week, four of which were from Region 2535 (N05, L=124, class/area=Hax/60 o 24 Apr) and the remaining three were from Region 2539 (N16, L=084, class/area=Eai/100 on 01 May). A pair of coronal mass ejections (CMEs) associated with flare activity from Region 2535 were observed in LASCO C2 coronagraph imagery at 28/0216 UTC and 28/0636 UTC, but did not impact Earth as anticipated.

No proton events were observed at geosynchronous orbit.

The greater than 2 MeV electron flux at geosynchronous orbit reached moderate levels on 25-30 Apr and was at normal levels on 01 May.

Geomagnetic field activity was quiet on 25, 28-29 Apr, quiet to unsettled on 26-27, 30 Apr, and quiet to active on 01 May.

Forecast of Solar and Geomagnetic Activity 02 May - 28 May 2016

Solar activity is likely to be low with a slight change for M-class flares (R1-R2 (Minor-Moderate) Radio Blackouts) on 03-16 May due to return of old Region 2529 (N09, L=342) which produced an isolated M6 flare (R2-Moderate Radio Blackout) last rotation. Very low to low levels of solar activity are likely through the remainder of the period.

No proton events are expected at geosynchronous orbit.

The greater than 2 MeV electron flux at geosynchronous orbit is likely to reach high levels on 11-13 May with normal to moderate levels expected for the remainder of the outlook period.

Geomagnetic field activity is expected to reach G1-G2 (Minor-Moderate) geomagnetic storm levels on 02 May due to an enhanced solar wind environment and prolonged southward magnetic field orientation. G1 (Minor) geomagnetic storms are likely on 11 and 20 May with active levels likely on 10, 12, 14, 19 and 21 May due to the influence of recurrent coronal hole high speed streams
(CH HSSs). Quiet to unsettled field activity is expected throughout the remainder of the period.

Product: 27-day Space Weather Outlook Table 27DO.txt
:Issued: 2016 May 02 0421 UTC
# Prepared by the US Dept. of Commerce, NOAA, Space Weather Prediction Center
# Product description and SWPC web contact www.swpc.noaa.gov/wwire.html
#
#      27-day Space Weather Outlook Table
#                Issued 2016-05-02
#
#   UTC      Radio Flux   Planetary   Largest
#  Date       10.7 cm      A Index    Kp Index
2016 May 02      90          10          4
2016 May 03      95           5          2
2016 May 04     105           5          2
2016 May 05     110           8          3
2016 May 06     110          12          3
2016 May 07     110          12          3
2016 May 08     110          10          3
2016 May 09     105           8          3
2016 May 10     100          18          4
2016 May 11      95          25          5
2016 May 12      95          20          4
2016 May 13      95           5          2
2016 May 14      95          12          4
2016 May 15      95           5          2
2016 May 16      90           5          2
2016 May 17      82           5          2
2016 May 18      82           5          2
2016 May 19      82          12          4
2016 May 20      82          15          5
2016 May 21      82          12          4
2016 May 22      82           5          2
2016 May 23      85           5          2
2016 May 24      90          10          3
2016 May 25      95           5          2
2016 May 26      95           5          2
2016 May 27      95           5          2
2016 May 28      95          10          3
(NOAA)