Monday, March 18, 2019

DRM testing on March 20


Uzbekistan will do a @drmdigitalradio Wednesday March 20th from 1430-1500 UTC on 15640 kHz. Depending upon the result they may switch the frequency of the planned test on March 26th to a frequency in the 17 MHz range
(HJ/Twitter)

Railway Radio in Canada: The Phantom Radio Era

The Early Years of Canadian Pacific Railway (Wikipedia)
On a previous occasion here in Wavescan, we presented Part 1 in the story of Railway Radio in Canada.  Specifically, it was the story of the radio scene at CNR Canadian National Railway and its network of Phantom Radio Stations.  The well known CN Tower in Toronto was built on CNR railway land near the waterfront with Lake Ontario, and it was for many years the tallest freestanding tower in the world.

In our program today, we take a look at the radio scene at the other major railway system in Canada, Canadian Pacific Railway.  Let’s go back to the very beginning.

On July 1, 1867, several of the north American geographic entities above the United States were officially federated into the Dominion of Canada.  Four of the colonial territories known previously as Canada East, Canada West, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick were thus amalgamated into one large nation. 

Additional territories subsequently joined the Dominion of Canada, including Newfoundland and Labrador which opted into the federation some 82 years later.  Thus the entire land mass from the Atlantic to the Pacific became one united country, the second largest in area in the world.

Around the time of federation, many different names were suggested for this new northern nation, and perhaps a dozen or more were given serious consideration.  Some of these names were for example: Albertsland, Albionora, Borealia, Cabotia, Colonia, Efisga, Hochelaga, Transatlantia, Tuponia, Victorialand. 

Finally the name Canada was presented, and accepted, a name that is derived from a local tribal name, Kanata, meaning land.  Originally the name Canada was applied to the early French colonies in what is now eastern Canada.

In 1871, just four years after federation, British Columbia opted to join the Dominion of Canada as a province, on the one stipulation, that a railway line be constructed across Canada, joining this new province into the other provinces of the nation.  In fulfillment of this promise, 10 years later (1881) the federal government in Ottawa granted a charter for the formation of Canadian Pacific Railway, CPR.  Four years later again, on November 7, 1885, the last ceremonial railway spike was driven in at Craigellachie in British Columbia, thus joining the west to the east.

In 1929, Canadian Pacific Railway CPR belatedly observed that the competitive railway system, Canadian National Railway CNR, was using their own newly developing radio network very effectively in promoting and advertising their widespread railway services.  Canadian Pacific therefore formed a radio department and announced that they also would establish a network of mediumwave radio broadcasting stations across Canada.  In addition, Canadian Pacific also began negotiations with the NBC and CBS radio networks in the United States for the relay of some of their American programming likewise across Canada. 

On January 17 of the following year (1930), Canadian Pacific applied for licenses to establish their radio network in 11 cities across Canada, coast to coast.  They planned on 7 mediumwave stations with a 50 kW transmitter at each of these locations: Vancouver, Edmonton, Regina, Winnipeg, Toronto, Montreal, and then either Halifax or St. John (New Brunswick).  Additional 15 kW transmitters were planned at 4 locations: Fort William, now known as Thunder Bay in Ontario; Sudbury, also in Ontario; Quebec City, in Province Quebec; and Prince Albert in Saskatchewan.

Perhaps their list of 11 mediumwave radio broadcasting stations was a little grandiose, yet just three months later, on April 2 (1930), Canadian Pacific withdrew their list of applications for 8 of these stations, though they retained their applications for three of the 50 kW stations: Toronto, Montreal and Winnipeg.  However at that same time, CPR was also granted a license for a phantom radio station CHRY that would broadcast its programming over two of Toronto’s top mediumwave stations, CFRB and CKGW. 

The callsign for the new Canadian Pacific phantom radio station CHRY, had a very obvious meaning: C stood for Canada, and HRY stood for Hotel Royal York, just opposite Union Station at 65 Front Street.  However shortly afterwards, the callsign CHRY was amended to CPRY, with the initial C standing for Canada, and the combined four letters standing for Canadian Pacific Royal York. 

You see In 1925, Canadian Pacific procured the prestigious Queen’s Hotel in Toronto.  They demolished the older smaller building and constructed a huge new hotel on the same site.  The huge new Hotel Royal York with its main entrance at 100 Front Street was officially opened on June 11, 1929, with an invited attendance of 2,300.   

The Hotel Royal York was a fabulous building, not only in its size, but also in its contents.  There were more than a thousand guest rooms on its 28 floors, the massive building stood 407 feet high, and at the time, it was not only the tallest building in Toronto and in Canada, but also in the British Empire.

The entire telephone switchboard was 66 feet long and it was operated by 35 telephone operators.  The building contained its own bank, a small hospital, a library with 12,000 books, the largest hotel kitchen in Canada that could bake 15,000 French Bread Rolls daily, and a glass enclosed Roof Garden.   

There were 6 beehives in the garden with a third of a million bees that produced a fifth of a ton of honey each year.  The largest pipe organ in Canada was installed, with 300 miles of copper wire, and the total weight of this famous musical instrument was 50 tons.

The studios for the phantom radio station CHRY-CPRY were installed in the Imperial Room, a large convention style hall on the lobby level that could cater for 500 people.  Landlines carried the radio programs from the Hotel Royal York to the studios of two of Toronto’s major mediumwave broadcasting stations, CFRB and CKGW. 

At the time, the studios for mediumwave station CKGW were located in another fabulous hotel, the King Edward Hotel, which occupied a full city block nearby to the Royal York.  Station CKGW was  also on the air on shortwave, with 200 watts on 6095 kHz.

At the height of its phantom radio broadcasting activity during the first half of the 1930s, the programming from station CPRY was heard nationwide over a network of 21 stations in Canada, though none of these stations were owned by Canadian Pacific.  There were occasions when this programming was also carried by mediumwave WJZ in New York and on its own network of stations in the eastern American states.

In 1935, Canadian National radio was taken over by the Canadian government and ultimately developed into CBC, the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation.  At that stage, Canadian Pacific radio was no longer needed, and so the entire CPRY phantom system was closed down.

Interestingly, many years later, a new radio station was installed in the Royal York Hotel.  On February 1, 1957 FM station CHFI was inaugurated with 282 watts on 98.1 MHz.  Good Music station CHFI was installed in the top floor of the Hotel Royal York.
(AWR-Wavescan 524)

What is the Future for VOA Saipan?

Radio Stations in Saipan (World Radio Maps)
      A Shortwave Station with three or four Consecutive Callsigns
Two weeks back here in Wavescan, we presented Part 1 in our mini-series regarding the story of one of the major shortwave stations that was installed on the island of Saipan in the Western Pacific.  The earliest beginnings for this shortwave station, KYOI on Saipan, can be traced back to mediumwave station KUAM on the island of Guam, and their intended plan in 1975 to install a 100 kW shortwave station for wide area coverage in the Pacific. 

The owner of mediumwave KUAM on Guam was Lawrence Berger, who also owned two other radio/TV station complexes in the Pacific; WVUV in Pago Pago American Samoa and KHVH in Honolulu Hawaii.  Five years later (1980), the unfulfilled plan for his shortwave station on Guam was transferred to a new location on Saipan.  Back at that time, shortwave radio was hugely popular among the younger generation in Japan, and the new KYOI hoped to appeal to a large audience who enjoyed modern American and Japanese music.

This new station was owned by Marcom, Mariana Communications Inc, a limited liability company with 50% shares held by Lawrence Berger, and the remaining shares held by Fred Zeder and Adrian Perry.  The chosen American callsign was KYOI, and YOI in the Japanese language suggests “good” and “joy”.

The Marcom radio company procured 8 acres of brush jungle at Agingan Point on the southwest coast of Saipan and they cleared it for their new shortwave station.  Work on the new Saipan shortwave station began in 1982, and a subsequent photograph as published in the British radio magazine Practical Wireless for March 1983 showed the new building for KYOI under construction. 

This solid concrete transmitter building, with an internal area of 2,000 square feet, was designed to withstand the winds of a typhoon up to 150 mph, and an earthquake up to level 3.  The transmitter building also contained a small co-ordinating studio and office.

Initially, Marcom announced that a 100 kW Harris shortwave transmitter would be installed, but instead they procured a 100 kW Continental from Dallas Texas, Model No 418D2.  An internal computer system was incorporated into the transmitter itself and this was programmed to automatically change the operating frequency four times a day.

The original high gain antenna system at 23 db was manufactured by TCI, Model 611, and it was suspended from two towers 170 ft high.  The antenna was beamed towards Tokyo at 340 degrees, though it also gave a good back beam radiation towards New Zealand.  A staff of six technical personnel maintained the station for its non-stop 24 hour a day operation.

In addition, the station was also provided with its own 450 kW diesel operated power generator, as well as a water catchment system with a capacity of 2500 gallons.  The first test signals from the new shortwave station KYOI were noted in Australia on December 17, 1982 when test tones were transmitted on 15190 kHz.

Programming for the new shortwave station was produced in two languages, Japanese and English, by the Drake Chenault Company in Los Angeles California, and the recorded tapes were air freighted to Saipan each week.  The programming was then transferred into the computer system at KYOI, up to one week in advance of the broadcast date. 

Regular programming consisted almost entirely of non stop modern style music with station announcements and advertisements in both Japanese and English.  The time call was given in Japanese Standard Time.

However, after just three years on the air, commercial shortwave station KYOI on Saipan was struggling financially.  Listeners were surprised in November 1985 to hear on air announcements  appealing for funding.  In August of the following year (1986), KYOI announced that a remarkable $20,000 had been received from listeners, but that was still insufficient to maintain all of the necessary activities of the station.  However at the same time, it was revealed that negotiations were underway for the purchase of the station by Christian Science in Boston Massachusetts.

The effective date for the acquisition of the station by Christian Science was December 31, 1986, though Marcom did not announce this information until March 15 of the following year (1987).  Thus Super Rock KYOI in Saipan was on the air under Marcom ownership as a commercial shortwave station for a period of just a few days more than four years.

During that four year period, station KYOI acknowledge listener reception reports with thousands of QSL cards, all posted from Saipan itself.  At least four different printings of their QSL card are known, though each featured their artistic representation of Big Bird.

Their first QSL card gave the Saipan postal address as Box 795, though this was changed soon afterwards to Box 1387.  These QSL cards were printed in Japanese and English, though the cards were printed separately in each language.

On the next occasion, when we continue the story of this important shortwave station on the island of Saipan, we will present the events that occurred under Christian Science leadership.
(AWR-Wavescan 523)

Sunday, March 17, 2019

The Radio Scene on Disputed Diego Garcia

Diego Garcia (US Navy)

We interrupt the regular flow of topics here in Wavescan, to bring to you a matter of important international information.  On Monday February 25, (2019) the World Court in the Hague, Holland, issued a judgment against Britain regarding the Chagos Islands in the Indian Ocean.

 According to this non-binding legal opinion, the top United Nations court stated that Britain had acted unlawfully in the decolonization process and should relinquish control over these islands.  Accordingly, Judge Abdulqawi Yusuf stated in his summary of the decision, that Britain was under obligation to bring to an end its administration of the Chagos Islands as rapidly as possible. 

In response, it is reported that the British Foreign Minister, Mr. Alan Duncan, has declared that the British Foreign Office will look at this United Nations opinion very carefully, though the matter is a dispute only between Britain and Mauritius.  Let’s go back and see what happened.

There is a long line of more than a thousand islands stretching more than a thousand miles from northern Lakshadweep to the Chagos Islands, which in reality is the top of an underwater mountain range in the Arabian Sea and the Indian Ocean.  The Chagos Archipelago at the southern end of this long geographic chain of islands is a cluster of 7 atolls containing a nest of 60 coral islands.

The total land area of the Chagos Islands is just 21.7 square miles, and the largest island is Diego Garcia with a total land area of 12.7 square miles.

In its earlier pre-history, the Chagos Islands were uninhabited, though they were known to the dwellers in the southern Maldive Islands.  There were occasions when Maldive fishermen were accidentally marooned in the Chagos, and sometimes rescued.

The Portuguese were the first Europeans to discover the Chagos Islands in the 1500s; and the  French subsequently laid claim to them.  In 1814, the French ceded the islands to Britain by treaty, though they were then governed from Mauritius.  The first successful settlement, on the largest island called Diego Garcia, was established in 1793, and it was made up of Europeans, slaves from Africa, and other island peoples.

In November 1965, the United Kingdom bought the entire Chagos Archipelago from Mauritius for a total of £3 million.  Two years later, the British government paid an additional £2/3rds million for all of the properties on the Chagos Islands.  During the 1960s and 70s, the British resettled the three thousand Chagos inhabitants to the Seychelles and Mauritius, for which they paid Mauritius yet another£2/3rds million for resettlement.

A joint military base, British and American, was built on Diego Garcia, the largest overseas military base in the world.  If this large military base is no longer needed for international security in the region, Britain states that the islands will again revert to the sovereignty of Mauritius.

Back during the early part of the year 1914, the German light cruiser SMS Emden, under the command of Captain Karl Friedrich Max von Mueller, visited several islandic areas in the Pacific Ocean, particularly the German colonies, as they were at the time.  When World War 1 began in Europe on July 28, 1914, the Emden moved into the Indian Ocean, sinking or capturing more than two dozen ships on the way.

In early October (1914), the German Emden visited the British island of Diego Garcia in the Chagos Archipelago for repairs and crew refreshment; and here it was that the British garrison on Diego Garcia gave the ship and its crew a right royal welcome.  The British garrison on Diego Garcia was unaware that war was already under way between England and Germany.

With no wireless station on Diego Garcia, war news had not yet reached that isolated island, more than two months later.   The SMS Emden went through its repairs and (some say) a complete repaint, and it was stocked up with local provisions for which payment was made in British Pounds that had been captured from British ships.  Then on October 10 (1914), the Emden successfully and safely departed from Diego Garcia without the demonstration of any hostility.

During the month of May 1940, some three quarters of a year after World War 2 began, the first radio station was installed in the Chagos Islands.  A resident on the island of Mauritius, Paul Caboche, received orders from the British government to travel to Diego Garcia and to set up his own amateur radio station there, as a Secret Wireless Radio Station.

On Diego Garcia, radio operator Caboche was expected to transmit to Mauritius information in Morse Code about local shipping movements, possible enemy activities and any suspicious events in the area.  His tactical callsign was simply the letter T in the English alphabet, and the station in Mauritius was identified with the letter W.

In addition Paul Caboche at station T was also to communicate regularly with another similar station on the nearby Saloman Atoll which was identified with the callsign 2Y.  If these two radio operators and their clandestine radio equipment had been established in the South Pacific instead of the Indian Ocean, they would have been described as Coast Watch Stations.

More on the radio scene on Diego Garcia next time.
(AWR-Wavescan 525)

Friday, March 15, 2019

From the Isle of Music & Uncle Bill's Melting Pot schedules, March 17-19



From the Isle of Music, March 17-23, 2019: 
This week we listen to songs from several of the nominees (and the winner) of the Rock category of Cubadisco 2018. 
The broadcasts take place:

1. For Eastern Europe but audible well beyond the target area in most of the Eastern Hemisphere (including parts of East Asia and Oceania) with 100Kw, Sunday 1500-1600 UTC on SpaceLine, 9400 kHz, from Kostinbrod, Bulgaria (1800-1900 MSK)

2. For the Americas and parts of Europe, Tuesday 0000-010 0 UTC (New UTC) on WBCQ, 7490 kHz from Monticello, ME, USA (Monday 8-9PM EST in the US).

3-4. For Europe and sometimes beyond, Tuesday 1900-2000 UTC and Saturday 1200-1300 UTC on Channel 292, 6070 kHz from Rohrbach, Germany.

Uncle Bill’s Melting Pot, March 17 and 19, 2019: 
Episode 105 takes us to Steiermark (Austria), and the legendary Kern Buam will be featured. The transmissions take place: 
1.Sundays 2200-2330 UTC (6:00PM -6:30PM Eastern US) on WBCQ The Planet 7490 kHz from the US to the Americas and parts of Europe

2. Tuesdays 2000-2030 UTC on Channel 292, 6070 KHz from Rohrbach, Germany for Europe. If current propagation conditions hold, the broadcast should reach Iceland AND Western Russia due to a long skip.

Also recommended:
Marion’s Attic, a unique program produced and hosted by Marion Webster featuring early 20th Century records, Edison cylinders etc played on the original equipment, comes on immediately before UBMP on Sundays from 2100-2200 UTC on WBCQ 7490 kHz 

William "Bill" Tilford, Owner/Producer
Tilford Productions, LLC
5713 N. St. Louis Av
Chicago IL 60659-4405
email: bill@tilfordproductions.com
phone: 773.267.6548
website: www.tilfordproductions.com

Shortwave Radiogram weekend schedules

Hello friends,

Last weekend's moving forward of the clocks in most of North America brings about some changes in Shortwave Radiogram broadcast times effective today and tomorrow. The WINB DRM transmitter on 13755 stays with UTC, so the Friday 1500 UTC DRM broadcast is one hour later by local time in North America. On the other hand, the WINB analog transmitter on 9265 kHz stays with local time in Pennsylvania. So Shortwave Radiogram remains at 10:30 pm Friday Eastern time but changes to 0230 UTC (Saturday). The WRMI transmitters used by Shortwave Radiogram stay with UTC, so the show will be heard one hour later by local time in North America, starting today at 4:30 pm EDT (2030 UTC) on 7780 kHz. Space Line Bulgaria also stays with UTC. See the schedule below.

Videos of last weekend's Shortwave Radiogram (program 90) are provided by Scott in Ontario (Friday 2030 UTC) and Ralf in Germany (Saturday 1400 UTC). "COMMS Partisan" in Ohio produced this video showing how he uses an antenna tuner and analyzer to optimize his reception of 7780 khz, and this video of his actual reception (Sunday 2330 UTC). The audio archive is maintained by Mark in the UK. Analysis is prepared by Roger in Germany.

Shortwave Radiogram this weekend is in the usual MFSK32 and MFSK64, with ten images, most colorful, one with interesting black-and-white shapes.

Here is the lineup for Shortwave Radiogram, program 91, 15-17 March 2019, in MFSK modes as noted:

 1:42  MFSK32: Program preview
 2:46  NASA will make lunar samples available for study*
 7:02  MFSK64: Swissinfo.ch is 20 years old*
12:58  This week's images*
28:05  MFSK32: Closing announcements

* with images(s)

Please send reception reports to radiogram@verizon.net
And visit http://swradiogram.net
Twitter: @SWRadiogram or https://twitter.com/swradiogram (visit during the weekend to see listeners' results)
Facebook group: https://www.facebook.com/groups/567099476753304

Shortwave Radiogram Transmission Schedule
UTC Day UTC Time Frequency Transmitter
Friday 1500-1530 UTC 13755 kHz DRM WINB Pennsylvania
Friday 2030-2100 UTC 7780 kHz WRMI Florida
Saturday 0230-0300 UTC 9265 kHz WINB Pennsylvania
Saturday 1400-1430 UTC 9400 kHz Space Line Bulgaria
Sunday
0800-0830 UTC 5850 kHz
7730 kHz WRMI Florida
Sunday 2330-2400 UTC 7780 kHz WRMI Florida
 
Slow Scan Radio transmits SSTV images and text modes Saturdays at 1300-1330 UTC on 6070 kHz and 7440 kHz via Channel 292 in Germany -- according to the latest schedule information I have. The website is http://www.slowscanradio.com. Reception reports to x@xdv.me.

The Mighty KBC transmits to Europe Saturdays at 1300-1400 UTC on 11600 kHz from Bulgaria, with the minute of MFSK at about 1330 UTC (if you are outside of Europe, listen via websdr.ewi.utwente.nl:8901/ ). And to North America Sundays at 0000-0200 UTC (Saturday 8-10 pm EDT) on 5960 kHz, via Germany. The minute of MFSK is at about 0130 UTC.  Reports to Eric: themightykbc@gmail.com . See also http://www.kbcradio.eu/ and https://www.facebook.com/TheMightyKbc/.

“This is a Music Show” is the newest addition to digital modes via analog shortwave. Most of the show is a music show, but the host transmits some MFSK text and image near the end of the broadcast. It’s transmitted on WRMI, 5850 kHz, Thursday 0100-0200 UTC (Wednesday evening in the Americas). Also look for a waterfall ID at the beginning of the show.

New York and Pennsylvania NBEMS nets. Most weekends, as KD9XB, I check in to the New York NBEMS (Narrow Band Emergency Messaging Software) net Saturday at 1200 UTC (8 am EDT) on 3584 kHz USB, and the Pennsylvania NBEMS net Sunday at 1200 UTC (8 am EDT, out-of-state check-ins starting at 7:30 am) on 3583 kHz USB. Check-ins are in Thor 22, and messages are in MFSK32. Messages usually use the Flmsg add-on to Fldigi. If you are a radio amateur in eastern North America, feel free to check in. Outside the region, use an SDR in the eastern USA to tune in and decode. You do not need Flmsg to check in, and most of the messages can be read without Flmsg. If you can decode the net, send me an email to radiogram@verizon.net , or tweet to @SWRadiogram , and I will let them know you are tuned in.

Thanks for your reception reports!
Kim

Kim Andrew Elliott, KD9XB
Producer and Presenter
Shortwave Radiogram
Reporting on international broadcasting at https://twitter.com/kaedotcom

Monday, March 11, 2019

Monitoring Mali on shortwave

All times UTC

logs edited for clarity

Mali
China Radio International via Bamako, Mali relay facility, and the Radio Mali transmitters have been repaired. Both stations have been observed with good modulation.

Radio Mali, Bamako, 5995 kHz. Sign-on at 1801, open on frequency when closed on 9635 kHz, at 1801. Vernacular comments to African music. English news at 1850 and mentions of "Mali", "Bamako" and "West Africa." Additional English comments as, "here in Mali ...."Male/female announcers at 1903 with more English comments. SINPO 433323 (Méndez/HCDX)

Radio Mali schedule
0800-1800 on 9635
0555-0800/ 1800-2400
(WRTH 2019)

China Radio International via Bamako, Mali relay
Reception 08 March, 2019
1400-1557 on 13685 BKO 100 kW / 111 deg to SoAf English, fair/good
1400-1557 on 17630 BKO 100 kW / 085 deg to CeAf English, not on air
1600-1657 on 15125 BKO 100 kW / 085 deg to CEAf Arabic, not on air
1600-1657 on 17880 BKO 100 kW / 020 deg to NEAf Arabic, poor/weak
1700-1757 on 13645 BKO 100 kW / 111 deg to CEAf Swahili, not on air
1700-1757 on 15125 BKO 100 kW / 111 deg to CEAf Swahili, fair/good
1800-1827 on 11640 BKO 100 kW / 085 deg to WCAf Hausa, not on air
1800-1827 on 13645 BKO 100 kW / 111 deg to WeAf Hausa, good signal
1830-1927 on 11640 BKO 100 kW / 085 deg to CeAf Arabic, not on air
1830-1927 on 13685 BKO 100 kW / 020 deg to NEAf Arabic, very good
1930-1957 on 11640 BKO 100 kW / 111 deg to SoAf Portuguese, not on air
1930-1957 on 13630 BKO 100 kW / 111 deg to SoAf Portuguese, very poor/JBA
2000-2127 on 11640 BKO 100 kW / 111 deg to CEAf English, not on air
2000-2127 on 13630 BKO 100 kW / 111 deg to CEAf English, very poor/JBA
2130-2227 on 11975 BKO 100 kW / 020 deg to WeAf French, fair/good
2130-2227 on 13630 BKO 100 kW / 111 deg to CEAf French, not on air
2230-2357 on 11975 BKO 100 kW / 020 deg to NEAf Chinese, very weak
2230-2357 on 15505 BKO 100 kW / 085 deg to CeAf Chinese, not on air

Reception 09 March, 2019
1300-1357 on 13685*BKO 100 kW / 111 deg to WeAf French, good signal
1300-1357 on 17880 BKO 100 kW / 111 deg to WeAf French, fair signal
1400-1557 on 13685*BKO 100 kW / 111 deg to SoAf English, weak signal
1400-1557 on 17630 BKO 100 kW / 085 deg to CeAf English, good signal
*1330-1425 13685.7 EMR 500 kW / 072 deg to CeAs Uyghur VOTurkey QRM!
(DXB)

Weekly Propagation Forecast Bulletins



Product: Weekly Highlights and Forecasts
:Issued: 2019 Mar 11 0238 UTC
# Prepared by the US Dept. of Commerce, NOAA, Space Weather Prediction Center
# Product description and SWPC web contact www.swpc.noaa.gov/content/subscription-services
#
#                Weekly Highlights and Forecasts
#
Highlights of Solar and Geomagnetic Activity 04 - 10 March 2019

Solar activity reached low levels. Region 2734 (N09, Lo=60,  class/area Cao/20 on 07 Mar) produced the strongest flare of the period, a C1 at 08/0319 UTC followed by a secondary X-ray enhancement to C1, which peaked shortly after. Two separate CME signatures, a western directed CME first seen in LASCO C2 at 08/0428 UTC and an eastern directed CME first seen in LASCO C2 at 08/0438 UTC, were associated with the C1 flare activity. No other Earth-directed CMEs were observed in  vailable coronagraph imagery. The region produced two other weaker B class flares during the period.

No proton events were observed at geosynchronous orbit.

The greater than 2 MeV electron flux at geosynchronous orbit reached high levels throughout the highlight period due to influence from a negative polarity CH HSS prior to the period combined with influence from a second negative polarity CH HSS on 06 and 07 Mar.

Geomagnetic field activity ranged from quiet to unsettled conditions. The intermittent condition increases to unsettled periods occurred on 04 Mar, and 06-08 Mar due to slight enhancements in the ar wind environment and CH HSS effects.

Forecast of Solar and Geomagnetic Activity 11 March - 06 April 2019

Solar activity is expected to be at very low to low levels throughout the outlook period.

No proton events are expected at geosynchronous orbit.

The greater than 2 MeV electron flux at geosynchronous orbit is expected to range from normal to very high levels. Very high levels are expected on 29/30 Mar; high levels are expected on 11 Mar, 14-19 Mar, 27-28 Mar, and 31 Mar - 06 Apr; moderate levels are expected on 12/13 Mar and 20-22 March; mostly normal levels are expected 23-25  Mar. All elevated levels of electron flux are anticipated due to influence from multiple, recurrent CH HSSs.

Geomagnetic field activity is expected to range from quiet to G1 (Minor) geomagnetic storm levels. G1 conditions are expected 11 Mar due to possible glancing blows from the 8 Mar CMEs. The active conditions are expected 12 Mar - 15 Mar due to waning CME activity followed by HSS effects from a negative polarity CH. Unsettled to quiet conditions are expected 16-17 Mar as CH effects wane.

Product: 27-day Space Weather Outlook Table 27DO.txt
:Issued: 2019 Mar 11 0238 UTC
# Prepared by the US Dept. of Commerce, NOAA, Space Weather Prediction Center
# Product description and SWPC web contact www.swpc.noaa.gov/content/subscription-services
#
#      27-day Space Weather Outlook Table
#                Issued 2019-03-11
#
#   UTC      Radio Flux   Planetary   Largest
#  Date       10.7 cm      A Index    Kp Index
2019 Mar 11      71          30          5
2019 Mar 12      71          18          4
2019 Mar 13      70          18          4
2019 Mar 14      69          15          4
2019 Mar 15      69          12          4
2019 Mar 16      69           8          3
2019 Mar 17      69           5          2
2019 Mar 18      69           5          2
2019 Mar 19      69           5          2
2019 Mar 20      69          10          3
2019 Mar 21      69           5          2
2019 Mar 22      69           5          2
2019 Mar 23      69           5          2
2019 Mar 24      69           5          2
2019 Mar 25      69           5          2
2019 Mar 26      69          12          4
2019 Mar 27      69          30          5
2019 Mar 28      69          28          5
2019 Mar 29      70          14          4
2019 Mar 30      71           8          3
2019 Mar 31      71           5          2
2019 Apr 01      71           5          2
2019 Apr 02      71           8          3
2019 Apr 03      71           8          3
2019 Apr 04      71           5          2
2019 Apr 05      71           5          2
2019 Apr 06      71           5          2
(NOAA)

Friday, March 08, 2019

Global Radio Guide - still knocking it out of the park !!



A BIG thanks to David Harris for his super review in Radio User, for Global Radio Guide. Do you have your copy yet ?

https://www.amazon.com/dp/B07L3RYTPG

Wednesday, March 06, 2019

Radio Keeps Dying but Someone Forgot to Tell the Listeners!



A look back at 10 years of radio on the anniversary of Radiodays Europe 

Rosie Smith, 3 days ago
The author is communications manager and executive committee member, Radiodays Europe

LAUSANNE, Switzerland — Over the past 10 years radio has been killed off so often that it’s starting to look like we work in an industry that is part of a modern day murder mystery or true crime drama. TV, social media, the internet, aging listeners and video etc., the list of suspects is long with more added year on year.

Additonal story at: https://www.radioworld.com/columns-and-views/radio-keeps-dying-but-someone-forgot-to-tell-the-listeners

CRI relays via Bamako, Mali active again


China Radio International (CRI) via Bamako is on the air, but only via one transmitter, instead of two transmitters as follows:

All times UTC

via Bamako, Mali March 2-3
0800-0857 on  7295 BKO 100 kW / non-dir to WeAf Hausa, very weak/JBA
1400-1557 on 13685*BKO 100 kW / 111 deg to SoAf English, fair/good
1400-1557 on 17630 BKO 100 kW / 085 deg to CeAf English, not on air
1600-1657 on 15125 BKO 100 kW / 085 deg to CEAf Arabic, very good
1600-1657 on 17880 BKO 100 kW / 020 deg to NEAf Arabic, not on air
1700-1757 on 13645 BKO 100 kW / 111 deg to CEAf Swahili, fair/good
1700-1757 on 15125 BKO 100 kW / 111 deg to CEAf Swahili, not on air
1800-1827 on 11640 BKO 100 kW / 085 deg to WCAf Hausa, good signal
1800-1827 on 13645 BKO 100 kW / 111 deg to WeAf Hausa, not on air
1830-1927 on 11640 BKO 100 kW / 085 deg to CeAf Arabic, very good
1830-1927 on 13685 BKO 100 kW / 020 deg to NEAf Arabic, not on air
1930-1957 on 11640 BKO 100 kW / 111 deg to SoAf Portuguese, fair/good
1930-1957 on 13630 BKO 100 kW / 111 deg to SoAf Portuguese, not on air
2000-2127 on 11640 BKO 100 kW / 111 deg to CEAf English, fair signal
2000-2127 on 13630 BKO 100 kW / 111 deg to CEAf English, not on air
2130-2227 on 11975 BKO 100 kW / 020 deg to WeAf French, not on air
2130-2227 on 13630 BKO 100 kW / 111 deg to CEAf French, very poor/JBA
2230-2357 on 11975 BKO 100 kW / 020 deg to NEAf Chinese, not on air
2230-2357 on 15505 BKO 100 kW / 085 deg to CeAf Chinese, very poor/JBA
2300-2357 on  7295 BKO 100 kW / non-dir to WeAf Chinese, very weak
2300-2357 on 11975 BKO 100 kW / 020 deg to NEAf Chinese, not on air
(DXB 02-03 March/Top News)

CRI Bamako Mali Africa relay schedule request in A-19 Summer 2019
Time sorted
7295 0800 0900 46E      BKO 100 0   925 310319 271019 Hau  MLI CRI RTC
13685 1300 1400 53       BKO 100 111 206 310319 271019 Fra  MLI CRI RTC
17880 1300 1400 53       BKO 100 111 216 310319 271019 Fra  MLI CRI RTC
13685 1400 1500 53       BKO 100 111 206 310319 271019 Eng  MLI CRI RTC
17630 1400 1500 47E,48   BKO 100 85  206 310319 271019 Eng  MLI CRI RTC
13685 1500 1600 53       BKO 100 111 206 310319 271019 Eng  MLI CRI RTC
17630 1500 1600 47E,48   BKO 100 85  206 310319 271019 Eng  MLI CRI RTC
15125 1600 1700 47E,48NW BKO 100 85  206 310319 271019 Ara  MLI CRI RTC
17880 1600 1700 37       BKO 100 20  216 310319 271019 Ara  MLI CRI RTC
13645 1700 1800 48SW,53NWBKO 100 111 206 310319 271019 Swa  MLI CRI RTC
15125 1700 1800 48SW,53NWBKO 100 111 216 310319 271019 Swa  MLI CRI RTC
11640 1800 1830 46E      BKO 100 85  206 310319 271019 Hau  MLI CRI RTC
13645 1800 1830 46E      BKO 100 111 206 310319 271019 Hau  MLI CRI RTC
11640 1830 1930 47E,48NW BKO 100 85  206 310319 271019 Ara  MLI CRI RTC
13685 1830 1930 37       BKO 100 20  216 310319 271019 Ara  MLI CRI RTC
11640 1930 2000 53NW     BKO 100 111 216 310319 271019 Por  MLI CRI RTC
13630 1930 2000 53NW     BKO 100 111 206 310319 271019 Por  MLI CRI RTC
11640 2000 2100 53       BKO 100 111 216 310319 271019 Eng  MLI CRI RTC
13630 2000 2100 53       BKO 100 111 206 310319 271019 Eng  MLI CRI RTC
11640 2100 2130 53       BKO 100 111 216 310319 271019 Eng  MLI CRI RTC
13630 2100 2130 53       BKO 100 111 206 310319 271019 Eng  MLI CRI RTC
11975 2130 2230 37       BKO 100 20  216 310319 271019 Fra  MLI CRI RTC
13630 2130 2230 53       BKO 100 111 216 310319 271019 Fra  MLI CRI RTC
11975 2230 2300 37       BKO 100 20  216 310319 271019 Chn  MLI CRI RTC
15505 2230 2300 47E,48   BKO 100 85  206 310319 271019 Chn  MLI CRI RTC
 7295 2300 2400 46       BKO 100 0   925 310319 271019 Chn  MLI CRI RTC
11975 2300 2400 37       BKO 100 20  216 310319 271019 Chn  MLI CRI RTC
(HFCC.org A-19 season)
(WWDC Top News 1375-06 Mar 2019)

South Korea trial testing from 7-9 March 2019

Dear listeners!
To determine the most optimal frequency for broadcasting our programs in the summer period, we will conduct test broadcasts, from March 7-9, from 13:00 to 14:00 UTC on a frequency of 11810 kHz.

On the indicated days there will be no broadcast on the frequency 9645 kHz

On March 8-9, from 13:00 to 14:00 UT, our program, broadcast on 9645 kHz, will be broadcast with a modified antenna tilt angle to 319 degr.
{usual 304degr curtain dipols, slewed +15degr, wb.}

We urge you to monitor transmissions at the indicated frequencies and promptly inform us about the quality of the reception.

http://world.kbs.co.kr/service/program_notice_view.htm?lang=r&procode=one
&bbs=one_notice&no=29654
(via Anatoly Klepov-RUS, RUSdx #1018 via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews March 3)

QSL Report

This edition of QSL Report, is gleamed from various radio news sources as indicated. Your contributions are always welcome to w4gvh@frontier.com 

Information has been edited for clarity by Teak Publishing

Australia
Reach Beyond Australia 15575 kHz. E-QSL received from Margaret Penford, Listener Correspondent, for program details of  English broadcast of Spotlight program. Program details to: b18@reachbeyond.org.au.(Dmitry Kutuzov-Russia “deneb-radio-dx” via RUSdx #1014 via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews Feb 3/NASWA March 2019)

Brazil
Radio Aparecida 6135 kHz. Station QSL card from Cassiano Macedo in 2.5 months for Portuguese report. Program details to: contato@a12. (Ivan Zelenyi-Russia/DX Fanzine/NASWA March 2019)

Radio Clube do Para, 4885, Full data E-QSL. Received in 97 days. Program details to: danielnx18@gmail.com. (Alexander Golovikhin-Russia/DX Fanzine/NASWA March 2019)

China
Just sent out a QSL card of China Huayi Broadcast Station to a Japanese DXer, Ichiro Nonaka of Osaka. His reception report from 2018, was sent to an incorrect address, which is now out of date. I am the QSL Manager of China Huayi BS, Voice of Jin Ling, and and Fu Shing Broadcast station. The correct address for QSLs is: Jonathan Short, Ming Ri Feng Lin 3-1002, Li Zha Road, Changshu,JS 215500, P.R. China. Enclosing $2.00 U.S. currency for return postage would be appreciated but not necessary. Instead any radio station souvenirs such as QSLs, stickers, pennants, used radio schedules, radio books or magazines would be much more welcome. (73! J.Short-CHN, via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews Febr 24)

Holy Tibet Radio, 4905 kHz. Full data Potala Palace in Lhasa. received in 104 days. Program details to: holytibetprogram@163.com. (Alexander Golovikhin-Russia/DX Fanzine/NASWA March-2019)

Beibu Bay Radio 5050 kHz. Full data QSL card. Received  in 26 days for e-report to: vinglian@cri.com.cn. (Jürgen Waga-Germany/DX Fanzine/NASWA March 2019)

Clandestine

Radio Tamazuj 11705 kHz, via Talata Volonondry,Madag for program details to: radiotamazuj@gmail.com. (Roberto Pavanello-Italy/DX Fanzine)

Radio Koode Radio International, 7265 kHz. Web site https://www.kooderadio.com. E-mails to: kri@kooderadio.com. According to the web site the daily shortwave broadcast began on 26 December, 2018 and are aimed at the 70 million Fulfulde speakers in West Africa. (British DX Club) Usman Shehu usman.shehu@gmx.net, CEO of Koode Radio International is verifying reports. (NASWA/March 2019)

Germany
Evangelische Missions-Gemeinden, 6055 kHz. QSL card for German service. Programming is via MBR Nauen Germany transmitting site. Program details to: info@missionsbote.de. (DK Dmitry Kutuzov, Ryazan-RUS "deneb-radio-dx" via RUSdx #1017 via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews Febr 24)

HCJB Deutsche, 9500 kHz. QSL card Voice of the Andes.Programming is via MBR Nauen Germany transmitting site. You can view the card at; https://rusdx.blogspot.com/2019/02/blog-post_20.html. (Anatoly Klepov, Moscow-RUS, via RUSdx #1017 via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews Febr 24)

Guatemala
I received an email response and verification from Radio Verdad. Received in one day from Station Manager, Dr. Edgar Amilcar Madrid. He advised me that they no longer have a postal address and will verify via email. I received a group picture of the station staff, their 2019 calendar and verification of reception. Station is currently running 800W on 4055. (Ed Cichorek-NJ/NASWA)



Malaysia
RTM Sarawak FM, 9835 kHz. E-QSL for via Kajang site. Card number 07-2019. program details to:  roziyati@rtm.gov.my. Confirmation received from Unit Pengukuran & Kualiti, Seksyen Teknikal Rangkaian Kajang from: unit_pnk_kajang@protonmail.com. Noted will send paper QSL. (Dmitry Kutuzov-Russia “deneb-radio-dx” via RUSdx #1014 via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews Feb 3)

Philippines
Voice of America/IBB Transmitting Station 12120 kHz. E-QSL to confirm Chinese service, featuring photo of IBB antenna in Udorn Thani, Thailand. Program details sent to: manager_philippines@bbg.gov.Reply via Salvador Galang BGALANG@usagm.gov. (Dmitry Kutuzov-Russia “deneb-radio-dx” via RUSdx #1014 via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews Feb 3/NASWA March 2019)

Vatican
Vatican Radio 6010/7435 kHz via Santa Maria di E-QSL received in 28 days for Italian program details to: qsl.request@spc.va. (Christian Ghibaudo-France/DX Fanzine/NASWA-March 2019)


Tuesday, March 05, 2019

Monitoring Romania


Radio Romania International QSL card
Monitoring Radio Romania International via Galbeni, Romania

Reception March 4-5, 2019

All times UTC
0000-0056 on  5979vGAL 300 kW / 280 deg to SoAm Spanish, instead of 5980
0100-0156 on  6129vGAL 300 kW / 310 deg to ENAm English, instead of 6130
0200-0256 on  6129vGAL 300 kW / 310 deg to ENAm French, instead of 6130
0300-0356 on  6154vGAL 300 kW / 310 deg to CeAm Spanish, instead of 6155
0400-0456 on  6019vGAL 300 kW / 320 deg to WNAm English, instead of 6020
0500-0556 on  6144vGAL 300 kW / 285 deg to WeEu Romanian, instead of 6145
0600-0656 on  9608vGAL 090 kW / 285 deg to WeEu French DRM, instead of 9610
0630-0656 on  9768vGAL 090 kW / 300 deg to WeEu English DRM, instead of 9770
0730-0756 on  9608vGAL 300 kW / 245 deg to NoAf Arabic, instead of 9610
0800-0856 on 15427vGAL 300 kW / 110 deg to WeAs Romanian Sun, instead of 15430
0900-0956 on 15377vGAL 300 kW / 175 deg to EaAf Romanian Sun, instead of 15380
1000-1056 on 15257vGAL 300 kW / 285 deg to WeEu Romanian Sun, instead of 15260
1100-1156 on 15252vGAL 300 kW / 285 deg to WeEu French, instead of 15255
1200-1256 on 15457vGAL 300 kW / 300 deg to WeEu English, instead of 15460
1300-1326 on*15457vGAL 300 kW / 245 deg to NoAf Arabic, instead of 15460
1400-1556 on*11972vGAL 300 kW / 290 deg to WeEu Romanian, instead of 11975
1630-1656 on  9608vGAL 300 kW / 245 deg to NoAf Arabic, instead of 9610
1700-1756 on  9808vGAL 300 kW / 140 deg to N/ME Romanian, instead of 9810
1800-2056 on  5989vGAL 300 kW / 285 deg to WeEu Romanian, instead of 5990
2100-2126 on  6029vGAL 090 kW / 285 deg to WeEu French DRM, instead of 6030
2130-2156 on  6029vGAL 090 kW / 300 deg to WeEu English DRM, instead of 6030
2300-2356 on  5979vGAL 300 kW / 285 deg to WeEu English, instead of 5980
*in different days and at some time switches on nominal frequencies respectively!
(DXB-05 March 2019)

Radio Romania International is also informing listener's, for now due to budget cuts, QSLs are currently via E-QSLing. 

Monitoring Myanmar



Logs edited for clarity


All times UTC

Myanmar
Myanmar Radio, 5985 kHz at 1530. (Feb 2). Fair signal with intro to segment in English, noted as, “Good evening dear listeners. This is Myanmar Radio. We are broadcasting our final transmission for today, radiating on 5985 kHz, 0.13 meters, 576 kHz., 520 meters and 594 kHz, 505 meters. Now you can hear the news and weather news.” "Music from around the world” at 1543. Very enjoyable reception today.

Certainly one of their better days. Noted on 5985 kHz,  Myanmar Radio on Feb. 1, underneath a strong NHK-Japan, with sign on at 1129, with indigenous theme music (with NHK-Japan 1130 sign-off).

At 1130 announcer in vernacular. Myanmar Radio on 5985 kHz at 1559-1604, Feb 13. The Wednesday only edition of “VOA Special English,” with “huge rocks from outer space, or asteroids, are falling from the sky more than they have in the past.” Five minute show with good signal, so able to still hear program even after the China Radio International sign on at 1559.

The former Voice of America time slot for this show (1540+) is now all music programs, and noted today with songs from movies.
(Ron Howard-CA/NASWA-03/2019)

Myanmar
Thazin Radio, 7345 kHz, heard on Feb 1. Start of station’s test tone at 1026 sign-on, which ceased at 1030, to begin their program. (Ron Howard-CA/NASWA-03/2019)

New clandestine station logged on shortwave


Clandestine

information edited for clarity

Radio Dap Loi Song Nui (Radio DLSN) / Vietnam Democracy Radio, is a new station operating on 9670 kHz, broadcasting from 1230-1300 UTC in Vietnamese.
Broadcasting appears to have commenced on Feb 12, 2019. The station can be reached at:

Vietnam Democracy Radio (VDR)
P. O. Box 612882
San Jose, CA 95161
Website: http://radiodlsn.com/
Email: lienlac.dlsn@gmail.com.
(WRTH Facebook/R Howard, CA)

Weekly Propagation Forecast Bulletins


Product: Weekly Highlights and Forecasts
:Issued: 2019 Mar 04 0318 UTC
# Prepared by the US Dept. of Commerce, NOAA, Space Weather Prediction Center
# Product description and SWPC web contact https://www.swpc.noaa.gov/content/subscription-services
#
#                Weekly Highlights and Forecasts
#
Highlights of Solar and Geomagnetic Activity 25 February - 03 March 2019

Solar activity was very low through the summary period. There were no numbered spot regions. No Earth-directed CMEs were observed in available coronagraph imagery.

No proton events were observed at geosynchronous orbit.

The greater than 2 MeV electron flux at geosynchronous orbit was at normal to high levels. High levels were observed on 28 Feb - 03 Mar. A peak flux of 45,516 pfu was observed at 03/1950 UTC. The remaining days of the summary period were at normal background levels.Geomagnetic field activity ranged from quiet to G1 (Minor) geomagnetic storm levels. Solar wind enhancements from the onset of influence from a negative polarity CH HSS increased geomagnetic levels from unsettled to active conditions after midday on 27 Feb.

Isolated periods of G1 (Minor) geomagnetic storm levels were observed on 28 Feb - 01 Mar as wind speeds continued to increase, reaching a peak of 608 km/s on 01/0340 UTC. An isolated period of active conditions was followed by quiet to unsettled levels for the remainder of 02-03 Mar as the CH HSS slowly waned. The remaining days of the summary period were at quiet levels under nominal solar wind conditions.

Forecast of Solar and Geomagnetic Activity 04 March - 30 March 2019

Solar activity is expected to be very low throughout the forecast period. No notable regions are due to return to the visible disk.

No proton events are expected at geosynchronous orbit.

The greater than 2 MeV electron flux at geosynchronous orbit is expected to range from normal background to very high levels. Very high levels are likely on 04-05 Mar and 29-30 Mar; high levels are likely on 06-13 Mar and 29-28 Mar; moderate levels are likely on 14-19 Mar; normal background levels are likely on 20-26 Mar. All enhancements in electron flux are anticipated in response to multiple, recurrent CH HSSs. Geomagnetic field activity is expected to range from quiet to G1 (Minor) geomagnetic storm levels. G1 (Minor) levels are likely on 27-28 Mar; active levels are likely on 08-10 Mar, 26 Mar and 29 Mar; unsettled levels are likely on 04-05 Mar, 07 Mar, 11 Mar, 20 Mar and 30 Mar. Increases in geomagnetic field activity are anticipated due to the likely influence of multiple, recurrent CH HSSs. The remainder of the outlook period is expected to be at quiet levels.

Product: 27-day Space Weather Outlook Table 27DO.txt
:Issued: 2019 Mar 04 0318 UTC
# Prepared by the US Dept. of Commerce, NOAA, Space Weather Prediction Center
# Product description and SWPC web contact https://www.swpc.noaa.gov/content/subscription-services
#
#      27-day Space Weather Outlook Table
#                Issued 2019-03-04
#
#   UTC      Radio Flux   Planetary   Largest
#  Date       10.7 cm      A Index    Kp Index
2019 Mar 04      70          10          3
2019 Mar 05      70           8          3
2019 Mar 06      70           5          2
2019 Mar 07      70          10          3
2019 Mar 08      70          15          4
2019 Mar 09      70          12          4
2019 Mar 10      70          12          4
2019 Mar 11      70           8          3
2019 Mar 12      70           5          2
2019 Mar 13      70           5          2
2019 Mar 14      70           5          2
2019 Mar 15      70           5          2
2019 Mar 16      70           5          2
2019 Mar 17      70           5          2
2019 Mar 18      70           5          2
2019 Mar 19      70           5          2
2019 Mar 20      70          10          3
2019 Mar 21      70           5          2
2019 Mar 22      70           5          2
2019 Mar 23      70           5          2
2019 Mar 24      70           5          2
2019 Mar 25      70           5          2
2019 Mar 26      70          12          4
2019 Mar 27      70          30          5
2019 Mar 28      70          28          5
2019 Mar 29      70          14          4
2019 Mar 30      70           8          3
(NOAA)

From the Isle of Music & Uncle Bill's Melting Pot schedule updates



From the Isle of Music, March 3-16 2019:
Our next three weeks:  
March 3-9: 
Our special guests are members of Conjunto Roberto Faz. We will discuss the history of the group and listen to its music from the 1950's to its recent material. 

March 10-16: 
We reprise our October episode with Samuel Formell, leader of the legendary Los Van Van with an interview plus music. 

The broadcasts take place: 
1. For Eastern Europe but audible well beyond the target area in most of the Eastern Hemisphere (including parts of East Asia and Oceania) with 100Kw, Sunday 1500-1600 UTC on SpaceLine, 9400 kHz, from Kostinbrod, Bulgaria (1800-1900 MSK) 
2. For the Americas and parts of Europe, Tuesday 0100-0200 UTC (New UTC) on WBCQ, 7490 kHz from Monticello, ME, USA (Monday 8-9PM EST in the US). 
3-4. For Europe and sometimes beyond, Tuesday 1900-2000 UTC and Saturday 1200-1300 UTC (New CETs) on Channel 292, 6070 kHz from Rohrbach, Germany. 

Uncle Bill’s Melting Pot, March 5-12, 2019
Our next two weeks: 
March 5 
Episode 102 features some of the best charanga orchestras in the United States 

March 10-12
Episode 103 features some exotic music from Nepal and Bhutan 
The transmissions take place: 

1.Sundays 2300-2330 UTC (6:00PM -6:30PM Eastern US) on WBCQ The Planet 7490 kHz from the US to the Americas and parts of Europe 

2. Tuesdays 2000-2030 UTC on Channel 292, 6070 KHz from Rohrbach, Germany for Europe. If current propagation conditions hold, the broadcast should reach Iceland AND Western Russia due to a long skip. 

Also recommended: 
Marion’s Attic, a unique program produced and hosted by Marion Webster featuring early 20th Century records, Edison cylinders etc played on the original equipment, comes on immediately before UBMP on Sundays from 2200-2300 UTC on WBCQ 7490 kHz. 
(William "Bill" Tilford/Tilford Productions, LLC)