Thursday, June 13, 2024

Classical music from Radio Tumbril


Regular Broadcast times of Encore By WRMI and Channel 292 are:
02:00 - 03:00 UTC Friday 5850 kHz WRMI to US
20:00 - 21:00 UTC Friday 15770 kHz WRMI to Europe
10:00 - 11:00 UTC Saturday 9670 kHz Channel 292 to Europe
01:00 - 02:00 UTC Sunday 5850 kHz WRMI to US and Canada
19:00 - 20:00 UTC Sunday 3955 kHz Channel 292 to Europe
02:00 - 03:00 UTC Monday 5950 kHz WRMI to the US and Canada
13:00 - 14:00 UTC Tuesday 15770 kHz WRMI to Europe, east coast of US and Iceland. (Sometimes RTTY on the lower sideband. Suggest notch out or use USB.)

Some Things to see on The Encore Website:
The Encore website is where you will find:
Important information about funding of Encore - Radio Tumbril.
Up to date transmission times and frequencies.
The playlists for the most recent programmes.
An email link.
Informal reception reports as well as those requesting eQSL cards are welcome.


WRMI and Channel 292 are very generous with their air-time but Encore still costs around 100 Dollars/Euros a month to broadcast.
If you can - please send a small contribution to help Encore keep going.

THE DONATION BUTTON AND 'BUY ME A COFFEE' BUTTON are on the homepage of the website - - which folks can use if they would like to support Encore.

(Please don't be put off by the POWR security wall when using the PAYPAL button - it is a harmless requirement of WIX the website hosting service.)

THIS FORTNIGHT'S PROGRAMME - (First broadcast this FRIDAY 14th June) by WRMI at 0200 UTC on 5850, (and 2000 UTC on 15770) and then Channel 292 on SATURDAY (15th June) at 10:00 UTC on 9670 kHz):
The Encore Scandinavian Inspired Midsummer Special Starts with a piano piece by Oskar Merikanto, a couple of very different pieces by Hugo Alfén, and then two more piano studies by Merikanto.
After that, Taagen letter - (The Fog is Lifting), and Sommersang - (Summer Song), both by Carl Nielsen.
Next - the Overture to A Midsummer Night's Dream by Mendelsson, A traditional Viking song from Iceland, and The Peat Dance - played by the Danish String Quartet.
The Programme ends with two pieces from Grieg's Incidental Music for Peer Gynt.

A very good site for online SDR receivers all over the world is:  Click the 'Map' button in the top left of the screen.
Thank you for spreading the word about Encore - Classical Music on Shortwave on Radio Tumbril - and thank you for your support.

(This bulletin is sent by Bcc to the many hundreds of listeners who have been in contact with Encore over the last nearly five years of broadcasting Encore.)

Brice Avery - Encore - Radio Tumbril -

WEWN responds to broadcast issues


Thank you Tony Pavick for contracting WEWN, who responded as: "We have some major equipment issues.  English needed a new tube for the Continental transmitter.  It took 8 months to have one made and delivered.  It failed, so back to square one.  The transmitter carrying Spanish decided to fail.  Parts are ordered and hopefully, we can be back on soon." 

Uncle Bill's Melting Pot schedule for June 15


Uncle Bill's Melting Pot, June 15, 2024
On June 15, 2024, we will feature music from Haiti and the Dominican Republic.
Times & Frequencies (note new schedule) are:
1700-1800 UTC 9670 kHz with beam E-F towards South Asia (but quite good in Russia also)
1900-2000 UTC 3955 & 6070 kHz (omnidirectional for Europe and beyond)
2300-2400 UTC 3955 kHz (omnidirectional for Europe and beyond)
All transmissions from Channel 292, Rohrbach, Germany

Reception reports from websdrs (as well as regular radios of course) are honored with eQSLs  IF
1. The entire program is reported 
2.  If a web sdr, which specific one is included in the report 
Shorter reports will be acknowledged with a brief note of thanks. 

Wednesday, June 12, 2024

Radio Tumbril announces Midsummer programming


From June 14 and two weeks after that - playing mainly Nordic music. The concert can be heard several times during that period, so hopefully, everyone will find a suitable moment to enjoy it and report on it. 

A very good and merry Midsummer to everyone -in the Nordic atmosphere of a nightless night and really good music.

Here is the playlist..

Channel 292 - Saturday 10:00 - 11:00 UTC on 9670 kHz
Channel 292 - Sunday 19:00 - 20:00 UTC on 3955 kHz
Check broadcast times at - and

USA & Europe:
WRMI - Friday 02:00 - 03:00 UTC on 5850 kHz
WRMI - Friday 20:00 - 21:00 UTC on 15770 kHz - to Europe/US
WRMI - Sunday - 01:00 - 02:00 UTC 7730 & 5850 kHz Simulcast
WRMI - Monday - 02:00 - 03:00 UTC 5950 kHz
WRMI - Tuesday 13:00 - 14:00 UTC on 15770 kHz - to Europe

BBC Antarctic Midwinter to test on June 14


Thanks to Wolfgang Bueschel BC-DX for confirming frequencies for the BBC Antarctic Midwinter broadcast to BAS staff overwintering there (15 minute test on 14th June with half hour broadcast on 21st June):

Greetings, The test for the Antarctic specials will be on Friday (June 14) and assuming all goes well, we will reuse the same frequencies on the 21st.

Test - Friday 14 June 2024.  2130-2145 UTC
UAE -  7255 kHz     Abu Dhabi Media Al Dhabbaya site, UAE
WOF - 11685 kHz and 9585 kHz   ENC Woofferton, U.K.
ASC -  9870 kHz     BBC owned / ENC operated Ascension Island.
(Steve Palmer, Encompass Digital Media,
(via Wolfgang Bueschel, BC-DX)

Monday, June 10, 2024

Exploring the Differences Between Podcasts and Radio


"Freedom is an important factor in understanding the differences"

BY Justin Kings  
Published May 31, 2024 

The author is head of the European Broadcasting Union Academy. 

Justin Kings, Head of EBU Academy
I was not a typical teenager in the 1980s. In raiding my local library’s shelves of cassettes, I discovered the BBC’s “Hancock’s Half Hour” radio shows. I would pop on my flimsy headphones with orange sponge ear coverings and get lost in the world created by Tony Hancock; picturing, vividly, the waiting room and surgery when he became “The Blood Donor” and the horror on his face as he was told how much of it he would give up!

Reflecting now, it was a podcast-like experience in 1984. A real-life case of “Back to the Future.” Engaging audio was plugged directly into my ears. It was my choice of entertainment, on my terms. It had also been recorded originally for a linear radio audience. As we know, many radio shows now become podcasts, and vice versa.

Additional story at Radio World: 

Pop Shop Radio slated for June 11 broadcast


As a follow-up to the improvements Channel 292 has made to the directional antenna for 9670 kHz, I have scheduled a special transmission to North America using the beam. 

 I wanted to take advantage of a darkness path so I have scheduled the following: 

Tuesday 11 June at 0300 UT (11PM ET Monday) on both 9670 and 6070

While 6070 is largely unavailable in North America as it is co-channel with CFRX, 9670 should only have adjacent channel issues with Radio Voz from Brazil on 9665.1-ish.

I am hoping for a further skip into the Midwest

Tony Pavick
Pop Shop Radio

Weekly Propagation Forecast Bulletins


:Product: Weekly Highlights and Forecasts
:Issued: 2024 Jun 10 0134 UTC
# Prepared by the US Dept. of Commerce, NOAA, Space Weather Prediction Center
# Product description and SWPC web contact
#                Weekly Highlights and Forecasts
Highlights of Solar and Geomagnetic Activity 03 - 09 June 2024

Solar activity ranged from moderate to high levels. Region 3697 (S18, L=350, class/area=Fkc/350 on 03 Jun) was the most active sunspot region this period and produced 14 (R1) Minor events and two R2 (Moderate) events; the largest of which was a long-duration M9.7/1f flare at 08/0149 UTC. Following the M9.7 flare, a SEP event commenced and a partial halo, Earth-directed CME was produced. Region 3697 also produced an M6.1/2b flare at 06/1506 UTC. Regions 3695 (N27, L=030, class/area=Cao/50 on 03 Jun), 3703 (S08, L=327, class/area=Dac/200 on 07 Jun), and 3709 (S10, L=218,
class/area=Cai/140 on 09 Jun) each produced a single R1 event. 

Solar radiation storm conditions were observed on 08-09 Jun, following the long-duration M9.7 flare at 08/0149 UTC from Region 3697. The greater than 100 MeV proton flux exceeded 1 pfu beginning at 08/0225 UTC, reached a peak flux of 8 pfu at 08/0625 UTC, and decreased below the 1 pfu threshold at 08/1455 UTC. The greater than 10 MeV proton flux exceeded the S1 (Minor) event threshold beginning at 08/0255 UTC, reached a peak flux of 1,030 pfu at 08/0800 UTC (S3/Strong), and decreased below S1 levels at 09/2125 UTC. 

The greater than 2 MeV electron flux at geosynchronous orbit was at normal to moderate levels throughout the period. 

Geomagnetic field activity reached G1 (Minor) storm levels on 03 Jun due to positive polarity CH HSS influences. Quiet and unsettled levels were observed on 04-06 Jun. G2 (Moderate) storm levels were observed on 07 Jun, and active levels were observed on 08 Jun, due to CME activity. Quiet conditions prevailed on 09 Jun. 

Forecast of Solar and Geomagnetic Activity 10 June - 06 July 2024

Solar activity is expected to reach moderate and high levels throughout the period. M-class flare activity is likely-to-expected with a varying chance for X-class flares. 

No proton events are expected at geosynchronous orbit, barring significant flare activity. 

The greater than 2 MeV electron flux at geosynchronous orbit is expected to be at normal to moderate levels throughout the period. 

Geomagnetic field activity is expected to reach G1-G2 (Minor-Moderate) storm levels on 10 Jun, and G1 levels on 11 Jun, due to the anticipated arrival of the 08 Jun CME. Quiet and quiet to unsettled levels are expected to prevail throughout the remainder of the outlook period. 

Product: 27-day Space Weather Outlook Table 27DO.txt
:Issued: 2024 Jun 10 0135 UTC
# Prepared by the US Dept. of Commerce, NOAA, Space Weather Prediction Center
# Product description and SWPC web contact
#      27-day Space Weather Outlook Table
#                Issued 2024-06-10
#   UTC      Radio Flux   Planetary   Largest
#  Date       10.7 cm      A Index    Kp Index
2024 Jun 10     175          35          6
2024 Jun 11     170          20          5
2024 Jun 12     170          10          3
2024 Jun 13     165           5          2
2024 Jun 14     165           5          2
2024 Jun 15     155           5          2
2024 Jun 16     155           5          2
2024 Jun 17     165           5          2
2024 Jun 18     175           5          2
2024 Jun 19     185           8          3
2024 Jun 20     185           8          3
2024 Jun 21     185           5          2
2024 Jun 22     190           8          3
2024 Jun 23     195           8          3
2024 Jun 24     200           5          2
2024 Jun 25     200           5          2
2024 Jun 26     205           5          2
2024 Jun 27     205           5          2
2024 Jun 28     205           5          2
2024 Jun 29     205           5          2
2024 Jun 30     200           8          3
2024 Jul 01     190           8          3
2024 Jul 02     180           5          2
2024 Jul 03     175           5          2
2024 Jul 04     170           5          2
2024 Jul 05     165           5          2
2024 Jul 06     160           5          2

Friday, June 07, 2024

The Zenith Story, Part 4


Special thanks to Ray Robinson and Jeff White for sharing Part 4 from the AWR Wavescan program.

Jeff: If you’re a regular listener, you’ll know that we have been serializing the history of the Zenith Radio Corporation, from its earliest beginnings before the First World War, and have so far reached the mid-1930s.  Today Ray Robinson brings us the remainder of the story, from the mid-30’s to the mid-50’s.

Ray:  Thanks, Jeff.  Throughout the 1920’s and even through the Depression Years of the early 1930’s, Zenith Radio Corporation had been a very progressive and inventive company, that always maintained the highest quality in its products.  Their drive for innovation helped them weather the financial storm, and indeed helped them recover much quicker than many of their competitors.

A New Look 
A further innovation, in 1935, was as simple and obvious as the eraser on a pencil, but it had been completely overlooked by the entire industry.  Prior to 1935, the dials on all makes of radio receivers were small and difficult to read.  Zenith changed all this by adding to its 1935 line a large, black dial, with figures so distinct that they were easily read even without glasses by most people.  This dial became a tremendous sales feature, and was widely copied by other manufacturers.

Even during the emphasis on low priced receivers in the depression years, Zenith had not forgotten its devotion to quality.  Consequently, it found a ready market for its 1935 line of feature-laden receivers.  One model, selling at $750, incorporated Zenith’s largest chassis in a massive cabinet, with 50 watt audio output, variable selectivity, 3 speakers, and other exceptional features.

By 1937, Zenith had completely outgrown its Iron Street factory, so they purchased a large building at 6001 West Dickens Avenue, Chicago, with over 390,000 square feet of floor space, and another 225,000 square feet of unoccupied land.  The factory was completely renovated and equipped with the most modern production equipment available, to make it one of the most efficient production units in the radio industry.

Pre-War Developments 
That year, 1937, the radio industry as a whole showed a 15% drop in sales, but Zenith sales increased.  New developments prior to American entry into World War II included a new radiogram, a baby room monitor, and a new line of portable radios.

A Radio Headliner 
An outstanding feature of the new Zenith portables was the detachable Wavemagnet® antenna that could be attached to the windows of planes, trains, or steel buildings to give good reception in these difficult locations.

Headline star of the portable radio field was the Trans- Oceanic® shortwave and longwave portable which was put into mass production some months before the factory converted 100% to war production.  This set had been several years in the making before it went into production, and had been thoroughly field tested in every type of climate from the Arctic to the Tropics.

When civilian production stopped, Zenith had unfilled orders on hand for more than 100,000 Trans-Oceanic portables.  It was unable to fill these, but tens of thousands had already been produced and shipped.  These sets were carried to every war theater by American soldiers and officials, and earned a reputation for outstanding performance and rugged durability that was never approached by any other portable radio receiver.  

Demand for the Trans-Oceanic portable became enormous, and sets commanded fantastic prices on the black market, because none was to be had through regular commercial channels.  Zenith, of course, sold none, but the management had kept a small inventory.  These sets were presented, from time to time, to American ambassadors, and to other officials who had urgent need for them.  It was a favorite saying around the plant that there were two things at Zenith money could not buy: Zenith friendship and Trans-Oceanic portables.

Zenith Enters FM and TV Broadcasting 
Shortly after establishment of radio networks in 1926, Zenith concluded that there were enough broadcast programs on the air to satisfy public need, and accordingly disposed of station WJAZ.  However, the development of television and FM in the late 1930’s made it advisable from an engineering standpoint for the company to re-enter the broadcasting field.

On February 2, 1939, Zenith went on the air with W9XZV, the nation’s first all-electronic television station built to then-current standards.  For nearly three years this was the only television station operating in Chicago.

The station operated three nights, Monday, Wednesday, and Friday, from 7 until 10 P.M. and from 12:00 Noon to 1:00 P.M. Monday through Friday.  One of the purposes of the noon programs was to project a picture which Zenith and other Chicago manufacturers could use to test their receiver designs.  In those days there was no other broadcast or test signal which could be used to determine whether a receiver would work when installed or repaired.

Programs included both motion pictures and live productions.  Many prominent entertainers of that era appeared on the station.  During the war, at the request of the FCC, W9XZV broadcast the world premiere of the motion picture “Patrolling the Ether,” an MGM production.  Post-war the station continued to operate from the factory location until it was moved to the Field Building in 1950.  There, under new call letters, K2XBS, it became invaluable to the television industry during development of the NTSC system of color television.

In the late 1930’s, Major E.H. Armstrong perfected his static and interference free system of FM broadcasting to the point where the FCC set aside certain channels for its development.  On February 2, 1940, Zenith’s FM station, W9XEN, went on the air from studios in the factory.  It was the first FM station in the midwest, and second or third in the country.

The transmitter was moved to a location on top of the Field Building in Chicago’s Loop on February 27, 1941.  It was assigned the new call letters of WEFM and its power was increased to 50 kW, making it the most powerful FM transmitter in the country.  Programming was confined to music, predominantly symphonic in nature, but with semi-classical segments arranged to meet the desires of particular listener groups.  In 1953, WEFM was the first station in the Chicago area to broadcast a high fidelity signal spanning the range between 20 and 20,000 Hz.

The War Years 
During the war Zenith developed many short cuts in the production of war material.  Zenith’s war production ranged from radar to communications equipment.  Early in the war Zenith was asked to mass produce a frequency meter that had been developed as a hand-built instrument of fantastic accuracy and sensitivity.  Its purpose was to insure identical, matching frequencies on the radio equipment of, for example, all the bombers that went on a particular raid.  Because it would be used all over the world, it had to maintain its accuracy anywhere from the frigid Arctic to blistering deserts and sweltering tropic jungles.

UHF Broadcasting 
As the peak period of war production passed in 1944, Zenith was looking toward the post-war development of television.  Engineers realized there could never be sufficient VHF channels for national television operation, so all design work was based on the supposition that UHF reception must be available for all receivers.

In connection with this design work, Zenith engineers felt that it was essential to have a UHF transmitter, in addition to the VHF transmitter on Channel 2.

In 1944 Zenith applied for an experimental UHF transmitter license which was granted in 1945.  All transmitter and other equipment for this station was built in the Zenith laboratory and went on the air at the main plant in June, 1946, operating under the call letters KS2XBR.

Pre-war Zenith was one of the few radio manufacturers that had mastered the technical intricacies of FM receivers.  During the war it was decided that, post-war, the frequency for FM stations should be changed from the 45 MHz band to the 100 MHz band.  This move posed new problems for receiver manufacturers by requiring completely new circuit designs.

Zenith's First TV 
In 1948, Zenith put its first line of television receivers on the market.  With an eye to protecting its customers' investment in Zenith television sets, the company introduced an advanced type turret tuner which could be utilized for future UHF reception by the simple addition of tuning strips.

Color Television 
The first organized work of Zenith engineers on color television started in 1940, at which time all necessary VHF transmitter, receiver and studio equipment, including direct pickup cameras, were constructed in the Zenith laboratories.  Experimental work continued with this equipment until all experimentation ceased because of the war.  The first color broadcasts in Chicago were transmitted over Zenith’s VHF station in 1940 and 1941.

In November, 1945, experimental work was resumed on the pre-war color equipment, and color broadcasting was resumed in 1946 on the new UHF transmitter equipment built in the Zenith laboratories.
In the fall of 1950 Zenith was transmitting the NTSC type color signals.  By then it had become apparent that the CBS field sequential system was not practical and Zenith’s entire efforts were thereafter devoted to the multiplex system which was ultimately adopted by the NTSC and the Federal Communications Commission.  By 1951 Zenith had established a regular schedule calling for color transmission one hour each day, Monday, Wednesday and Friday over both its VHF and UHF stations.  This schedule continued with only minor interruptions until 1953.  And finally, as the year 1953 neared its close, the Federal Communications Commission gave its approval to the NTSC system of color television, thanks largely to the experimentation and engineering efforts of the Zenith Radio Corporation.

This series of segments on the Zenith story has been mostly based on a brochure produced by the company in 1955, and this is as far it went with regard to their broadcasting activities.  Our thanks once again to listener Vince Koepke for bringing this brochure to our attention.

Back to you, Jeff.
(Ray Robinson/AWR)

Propagation update from the U.K.



GB2RS News Team

 June 7, 2024
It seems that we haven’t had a repeat performance of the auroral conditions caused by active sunspot region 3697. For aurora watchers, that could be a disappointment, but for HF lovers it means the bands have been quite settled.
The Kp index has been at 3 and below, while the solar flux index has been consistently above 175 all week. As a result, HF conditions have been quite good with maximum usable frequencies over a 3,000km path being regularly over 21MHz and often 24MHz.
It is always a good idea to operate on the highest HF band that is open as absorption decreases the higher you go.
Meanwhile, Sporadic-E propagation brought interest to the 10m band with stations from all over Europe being workable for long periods, but more of that in the VHF report.
On the 5 June, a filament located in the northeast quadrant erupted. The event flung a coronal mass ejection into space that doesn’t appear to be Earth-directed. But this shows that we are still in the danger zone for major solar events, and anything could happen.
Next week, NOAA predicts that the solar flux index will remain around 175, but we expect some geomagnetic disruption today, the 9 June, with a predicted Kp index of 4. Otherwise, solar conditions are predicted to be calm next week.
So, if these conditions continue, this is a good time to make the most of the HF bands.
VHF and up :
The weather pattern for the coming week is dominated by low pressure, which means there is unlikely to be any significant Tropo to speak of.
There will probably be several opportunities for those on the GHz bands to search for rain scatter. However, these events look to be moving showers or rain bands, which means that you’ll need to be pretty agile with the rotator to keep on the scattering target.
With the solar conditions continuing to keep the pot simmering it’s not impossible that the Kp index could rise high enough to promote an aurora, but it’s a low probability.
The early part of June is well regarded for minor meteor events and should be worth a look for those using meteor scatter modes.
There were several Sporadic-E openings early in the week that finishes today, the 9 June. Sporadic-E was reported up to the 2m band on a few occasions. Last Sunday, the 2 June, it lasted up to three hours on the path from Eastern England down to the Italian peninsula.
Events initially get picked up on the 10m band and then move up through the VHF bands of 6m, 4m and finally 2m as the Sporadic-E propagation strengthens. In this peak of the Sporadic-E season, the openings on the lower bands, such as 10 and 6m, can be present for much of the day and certainly quite late into the evening.
Follow the weather patterns on the daily Sporadic-E blog on and you should be able to point in the right direction for an opening. Multi-hop paths to the Far East or Americas do require a good antenna like a beam, but single-hop European Sporadic-E propagation can be very strong, and any antenna will do the job.
Moon declination is at its maximum this weekend for the DUBUS 10 and 24GHz EME contest, but EME path loss is rising. 144MHz sky noise is low all week.

(Mike Terry/BDXC)

Shortwave Radiogram, program 357


Hello friends

If you tune in to the WINB transmissions this weekend, the program preview is missing asterisks denoting images after each of the two news stories. Those are in addition to the seven images at the end of the show, for a total of nine MFSK images this week. The preview below is corrected.

On The Mighty KBC, Peter John's DX Headlines is usually during the half hour following Al Holt's MFSK64 minute (Birthday Radiogram). Peter often includes SSTV and a variety of Fldigi modes in his feature. Last week he had PSKR125C10 (1100 wpm) centered on 2250 Hz, with simultaneous MFSK64 (240 wpm)  centered on 560 Hz. Philippe F1GMA provided an excellent demonstration of the PSKR125C10 from WRMI decoding via an SDR in Ontario. This mode is probably too fast for most shortwave paths, but WRMI's 15770 kHz is usually good enough to eastern North America that these amazing text speeds can be accomplished.      

A video of last week's Shortwave Radiogram (program 356) is provided by Scott in Ontario (Wednesday 1330 UTC). The audio archive is maintained by Mark in the UK. Analysis is provided by Roger in Germany.

Here is the lineup for Shortwave Radiogram, program 357, 7-12 June 2024, in MFSK modes as noted:

 1:45  MFSK32: Program preview
 2:54  MFSK32: Skyscrapers may double as massive batteries*
 9:33  MFSK64: In SE Alaska, radio keeps communities connected*
14:03  MFSK64: This week's images*
28:31  MFSK32: Closing announcements

Please send reception reports to

And visit 

Twitter: @SWRadiogram or 

(visit during the weekend to see listeners’ results)

Atlantic 2000 International announces special programming on June 8


Atlantic 2000 International was for the first time on shortwave on the 6th of June 1982. This month, we are forty-two years old!

For this event, we will broadcast our special anniversary show this Saturday, June 8th, from 08:00 to 09:00 UTC, on 6070 and 9670 kHz via Channel 292, and online on our website.

If you want to receive our special eQSL, send a really detailed reception report to:
Good listening!

Visit our website and listen to Atlantic 2000:
(Ralph Bender/BDXC)

Thursday, June 06, 2024

From the Isle of Music on June 8


From the Isle of Music, June 2024 

On June 8, 2024, we will feature music from the winning albums in the Fusión Alternativa ("No me formes crisis by Toques del Río) and Nueva Trova plus Notas Discográficas ("Universos" by Tony Ávila y Su Grupo) categories of Cubadisco 2024 

Times & Frequencies are: 
1700-1800 UTC 9670 kHz with beam E-F towards South Asia 
1900-2000 UTC 3955 & 6070 kHz (omnidirectional for Europe and beyond) 
2300-2400 UTC 3955 kHz (omnidirectional for Europe and beyond) 
All transmissions from Channel 292, Rohrbach, Germany 

We will honor reception reports with an eQSL using websdrs IF 
1.  The entire hour is reported 
2.. Which websdr is clearly specified.  
This will be strictly enforced beginning this month; reports for just a few minutes of the show will be acknowledged with a short note of thanks instead.  
(Bill Tilford)

Monday, June 03, 2024

Announcement on future of European, Private Shortwave Stations List


Private European Shortwave Radio Stations - As of June 1st 2024... The Last List...

"Thank you for subscribing to the monthly pdf list of European, private shortwave radio stations. 

Please find attached the June 1st  2024 edition, and please notice that this is my final edition of the list. Unfortunately – the truth is that most of the Shortwave stations didn’t want to cooperate. 

Moreover, several frequencies are utilised on an entirely erratic basis making it meaningless to try and publish broadcasting hours for the different frequencies.    
Best regards, good listening, and thanks for your subscription in the past,
Stig Hartvig Nielsen

Is Japan witnessing the death of AM radio?


Since February, some commercial radio broadcasters have begun a trial suspension of AM radio, with a real possibility the pause will extend to a permanent discontinuation across the country as broadcasters look to cut costs.
Thirteen of the 47 commercial operators in Japan have shut off their transmitters to see what effect the temporary end of AM broadcasts will have. AM was launched in 1925, bringing Japan into the radio broadcast age, but may not last long enough to see its 100th anniversary next year.

"Radio was at the center of the home, a medium enjoyed by the entire family," said Tadanobu Okabe, curator of the Japan Radio Museum in Matsumoto, Nagano Prefecture.
The museum in central Japan displays a wide collection of radios and documents, mainly covering the "golden era" of Japanese radio from the 1930s through the 1950s, organized in a way that lays out the chronological history of broadcasting in Japan which emerged five years after the world's first radio broadcast in the United States.

Like elsewhere in the world, AM broadcasting in Japan was the first method of making audio radio transmissions.
It brought to the people such historic events as the "Jewel Voice Broadcast" on Aug 15, 1945, when Emperor Hirohito announced that the Japanese government had accepted unconditional surrender at the end of World War II, among other major news events.
Okabe explained that the advancement of radio broadcast technology, specifically the first application of electronic circuits using vacuum tubes, eventually led to a transformation in how radio was enjoyed in Japan. After television broadcasts began in February 1953, for a while TV became the focal point of family entertainment.
"Radio became something people listened to alone," Okabe explained. But a youth culture was spawned in 1967 by "All Night Nippon" and other long-running programs, while FM broadcasts with a clear, crisp sound also took off.

But as attention was drawn to other forms of entertainment and commercial AM radio broadcasters saw their equipment and studios age, the medium began to wane.
AM broadcasting requires large-scale transmission facilities, and the cost of upgrading them is several dozen times that of FM facilities.
AM, which operates at a lower frequency, has radio waves with larger wavelengths, meaning they travel farther but struggle to penetrate solid objects like buildings. The transmission stations also have massive antennae and are installed in large, open sites -- typically along riversides or other waterfront areas.
AM transmissions are vulnerable to static such as radio noise and radio frequency interference created by both atmospheric electrical activity such as lightning and electronic equipment. Due to the size of AM infrastructure, they are more vulnerable to natural disasters such as tsunamis, floods and earthquakes.

In contrast, higher-frequency FM broadcast facilities are installed on mountain tower sites or at higher elevations than AM sites, with shorter-range broadcasts which can transmit well even inside buildings.
AM radio operators in Japan have already been implementing complementary broadcasting called "Wide FM," in which the same programs are broadcast simultaneously on FM radio for disaster announcements, for example, but maintaining both AM and FM is costly.
Thus operators requested the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications conduct an impact study by suspending AM broadcasting for a fixed period.

The ministry says the trial shutdown could finish as late as January of next year, and after that, "it will be up to each company to decide what to do."
However, at an expert panel meeting held by the ministry in April, there were comments, such as from one broadcast official who said, "We hope that AM broadcasting will be promptly discontinued," suggesting it is very likely the trial will lead to the effective end of 

AM broadcasting in Japan.
With AM radio, if not nostalgia, on the way out, mediums like internet radio and podcasts are meeting many people's listening needs.

"I miss the static sound of AM broadcasting," said a 39-year-old woman from Tokyo who used to enjoy AM broadcasts when she was in junior high school. She has been recently tuning in to "radiko," which allows users to listen to radio programs via the internet.

Kaoru Yakisoba, 49, a writer with extensive knowledge of radio, pointed out that podcasts -- with high fidelity being one obvious advantage -- make it easy to listen to old programs and new ones alike.
"Young people find this appealing," said Yakisoba, stressing that there is still room for growth to pass on the legacy of Japan's radio culture to future generations.

Weekly Propagation Forecast Bulletins

Product: Weekly Highlights and Forecasts
:Issued: 2024 Jun 03 0120 UTC
# Prepared by the US Dept. of Commerce, NOAA, Space Weather Prediction Center
# Product description and SWPC web contact
#                Weekly Highlights and Forecasts
Highlights of Solar and Geomagnetic Activity 27 May - 02 June 2024

Solar activity ranged from low to high levels throughout the period. Region 3697 (S18, L=350, class/area=Eki/420 on 30 May) was the most productive region this period and produced five X-class flares, and seven M-class flares; the largest of which was an X2.8 flare at
27/0708 UTC. Region 3691 (N25, L=042, class/area=Ekc/480 on 27 May) produced three M-class events and Region 3695 (N27, L=028, class/area=Cao/30 on 01 Jun) produced a single M-class flare. Other notable activity included a long-duration X1.4/2b flare at 29/1437
UTC from Region 3697, with accompanying Type II and IV radio emissions, and an Earth-directed partial halo CME that arrived on 31 May. Additionally, an impulsive X1.0/2b flare at 01/1836 UTC and a long-duration M7.3 flare at 01/1939 UTC, both from Region 3697,
resulted in a CME that is likely to glance by Earth on 04 Jun. 

No proton events were observed at geosynchronous orbit.

The greater than 2 MeV electron flux at geosynchronous orbit was at normal to moderate levels. 

Geomagnetic field activity was at quiet and quiet to unsettled levels throughout much of the period. An isolated period of G1 (Minor) geomagnetic storming was observed early on 31 May due to CME activity. 

Forecast of Solar and Geomagnetic Activity 03 June - 29 June 2024

Solar activity is likely to reach moderate and high levels throughout the period, with M-class flares likely and a varying chance for X-class flares through 29 Jun. 

No proton events are expected at geosynchronous orbit

The greater than 2 MeV electron flux at geosynchronous orbit is expected to be at normal to moderate levels throughout the period. 

Geomagnetic field activity is likely to reach G1 (Minor) geomagnetic storm levels on 04 Jun, and active levels on 05 Jun, due to the anticipated glancing-blow arrival of the 01 Jun CME. Active contidiions are expected on 09 Jun due to CH HSS influences. Quiet
and quiet to unsettled levels are expected to prevail throughout the remainder of the outlook period. 

Product: 27-day Space Weather Outlook Table 27DO.txt
:Issued: 2024 Jun 03 0120 UTC
# Prepared by the US Dept. of Commerce, NOAA, Space Weather Prediction Center
# Product description and SWPC web contact
#      27-day Space Weather Outlook Table
#                Issued 2024-06-03
#   UTC      Radio Flux   Planetary   Largest
#  Date       10.7 cm      A Index    Kp Index
2024 Jun 03     180           5          2
2024 Jun 04     185          18          5
2024 Jun 05     185          15          4
2024 Jun 06     180           5          2
2024 Jun 07     175           5          2
2024 Jun 08     175           8          3
2024 Jun 09     175          12          4
2024 Jun 10     175          10          3
2024 Jun 11     180           5          2
2024 Jun 12     175           5          2
2024 Jun 13     170           5          2
2024 Jun 14     170           5          2
2024 Jun 15     170           5          2
2024 Jun 16     170           5          2
2024 Jun 17     170           5          2
2024 Jun 18     170           5          2
2024 Jun 19     170           8          3
2024 Jun 20     180           8          3
2024 Jun 21     190           5          2
2024 Jun 22     190           8          3
2024 Jun 23     190           8          3
2024 Jun 24     195           5          2
2024 Jun 25     195           5          2
2024 Jun 26     200           5          2
2024 Jun 27     205           5          2
2024 Jun 28     205           5          2
2024 Jun 29     205           5          2

Saturday, June 01, 2024

Shortwave Radiogram, Program 356


Hello friends

As I type this, I am hearing what the meteorologists on the radio refer to "an occasional rumble of thunder." I'm sure it won't last, on this otherwise beautiful day. Days such as this, not too hot with low humidity, can be counted my fingers. Hot and humid days will be much more plentiful

Much of the USA and Canada has been experiencing wild and even dangerous weather. Not much happened here in Arlington, Virginia, where we generally don't have weather, except for the heat and humidity. Although a few nights ago, three or four bolts of lightning landed close to our house. My antennas were grounded, but that only provides so much protection. Fortunately, my antennas and my station survived again.

Space weather continues to be interesting. Last week, there were no major disruptions to Shortwave Radiogram reception. Let's hope the ionosphere and phenomena affecting it cooperate for this week's program 356.

A video of last week's Shortwave Radiogram (program 355) is provided by Scott in Ontario (Wednesday 1330 UTC). The audio archive is maintained by Mark in the UK. Analysis is provided by Roger in Germany.

Here is the lineup for Shortwave Radiogram, program 356, 30 May-5 June 2024, in MFSK modes as noted:

 1:44  MFSK32: Program preview
 2:51  MFSK32: First wooden satellite built by Japan researchers*
 7:54  MFSK64: Managing 'feature creep' in consumer products
11:38  MFSK64: This week's images*
28:11  MFSK32: Closing announcements

Please send reception reports to

And visit 

Twitter: @SWRadiogram or 
(visit during the weekend to see listeners’ results)

June broadcast schedules from Tilford Productions


From the Isle of Music

June 8, 2024 

All times UTC

1700-1800 on 9670 kHz with Beam E-F (best for South Asia remote listeners)
Repeat: 1900-2000 on 3955 & 6070 kHz
Repeat: 2300-2400 on 3955 kHz (best for East Asia remote listeners)
June’s program will feature music by the winners of the Fusión Alternativa and Nueva Trova categories of Cubadisco 2024.

Uncle Bill’s Melting Pot 

June 15, 2024
1700-1800 on 9670 kHz with Beam E-F (best for South Asia remote listeners)
Repeat: 1900-2000 on 3955 & 6070 kHz
Repeat: 2300-2400  on 3955 kHz (best for East Asia remote listeners)
June’s program will feature music from Haiti and the Dominican Republic.

All on Radio Channel 292 from Germany

Both shows honor reception reports using Kiwi SDRs PROVIDED that which SDR is specified and the entire hour’s content is reported with details (the entire hour rule will be strictly enforced beginning in June). Reception reports can be sent to