Saturday, May 25, 2024

Manx Radio and the Radio Motorsport


This year's TT races will take place from 27 May – 8 June, 2024

Manx Radio Motorsport website indicates coverage by Manx Radio also on 87.9 and 100.6 FM plus DAB and online as well as 1368 AM: (87.9 and 100.6 FM are RSL freqs - regular Manx FM freqs are 89.0, 89.5, 97.2 and 103.7 MHz)

Station tag line is "The Best Biking Station in the World!"

As well as the Manx TT races, they also cover the Southern 100 event in July and Manx Grand Prix event in August.
(BDXC/Manx Radio)

Friday, May 24, 2024

Bill to Require AM in Cars Moves Ahead in the House


followup from the May 23, 2024 post

Legislation passes by voice vote, moves next to Energy and Commerce Committee

The “AM for Every Vehicle Act” is moving forward in the House of Representatives.

The legislation has been approved by a voice vote in a House Energy and Commerce subcommittee.

Sens. Ed Markey and Ted Cruz jointly applauded the development, calling it “another clear signal that millions of consumers are demanding broadcast AM radio remain in their vehicles. … We are glad that our House colleagues recognize the importance of the AM Radio for Every Vehicle Act, and look forward to working with our colleagues to enact this critical public safety legislation into law.”

Additional story from Radio World:

Tiny URL

Shortwave Radiogram Program 355


Hello friends

The worst of the solar disturbances are past us, for now, although shortwave propagation remains fickle. Let's hope that the ionosphere cooperates for this week's show.

There will be eleven images, 1 x MFSK32 and 10 x MFSK64. The timing of this week's broadcast allows for only a few brief seconds of closing music by Spider John Koerner, who died May 18.

The story this week about the Russian army's use of Morse code mentions "more efficient digital modes of communication" in the last paragraph.

A video of last week's Shortwave Radiogram (program 354) is provided by Scott in Ontario (Wednesday 1330 UTC). The audio archive is maintained by Mark in the UK. Analysis is provided by Roger in Germany.

Here is the lineup for Shortwave Radiogram, program 355, 23-29 May 2024, in MFSK modes as noted:

 1:40  MFSK32: Program preview
 2:57  MFSK32: Giant planet is as puffy as cotton candy*
 6:59  MFSK64: Why the Russian army is still using Morse code
11:16  MFSK64: This week's images*
28:43  MFSK32: Closing announcements

Please send reception reports to
Twitter: @SWRadiogram or 
(visit during the weekend to see listeners’ results)

Thursday, May 23, 2024

House Bill to Mandate AM Radio in Vehicles Gets a Timeline Update


Some opponents say Congress should be more concerned about paying performance royalties


The wheels are turning in Washington, D.C., to bring the AM Radio for Every Vehicle Act closer to a vote in Congress.

A new amended version of the bill, introduced this week in the U.S. House by Rep. Frank Pallone (D-N.J.), mirrors the language in the bill passed out of the Senate Commerce Committee last year. The changes provide a timetable for car manufacturers to comply with the new regulations if they ever become law.  

If passed, the updated bill would require the Department of Transportation to adopt a rule within 12 months to require that automakers provide access to AM broadcast stations in their motor vehicles. The bill would mandate car manufacturers to install devices capable of receiving AM radio signals in all new passenger vehicles sold in the United States at no additional cost to consumers.

Additional story from Radio World

Tiny URL

Radio France International on strike

RFI staff stage strike over controversial public media merger

Employees across France’s massive public broadcasting sector, including RFI, are striking for two days to protest a proposed public media merger put forward by Culture Minister Rachida Dati.

As well as cancellations to regular broadcasts, rallies were held Thursday near the National Assembly and the Ministry of Culture in Paris.

Dati has defended the "ambitious" and "long-awaited" reform – saying it would strengthen the public media industry, which is facing stiff competition from private companies.

The first step would be a transitional phase, with a common holding company for public broadcasting as of 1 January 2025. A merger would follow a year later.

Additional story at: 

New station from Finland on June 1


A new shortwave station broadcasting from Asikkala, Finland, is planning for a launch on Saturday June 1st 2024. The name of the station is Radio Piko

From Asikkala in Finland with 10 W to:
1600-1700 UTC 9770 (Norway, Denmark)
1800-1900 UTC 5980 (Finland)
1900-2000 UTC 3990 (Finland, Sweden, Estonia)
Random tests on 3990, 5980 or 9770 at random times.

Test transmissions are due in late May. Frequencies are 3990, 5980, and 9770 kHz. 

Power is 10 Watts, and the format will be big band music. According to. to the webpage – at   - it is described as an “infamous Triple L low power, low antenna, low budget operation”.  
(Stig Hartvig Nielsen)

Wednesday, May 22, 2024

WRN Summer schedule updates


English to Europe

FRS Holland announces station Newsletter


Dear FRS Friend,

We have published a message on our website

It regards our latest FRS Newsletter and dates about the upcoming 4th edition of our Summer Splash.

From now on future editions of our Newsletters can be downloaded from our website. Make sure to put the Summer Splash dates in your agenda!

Have a good continuation of your Pentecost weekend.

73s, the FRS team 

Tuesday, May 21, 2024

Antarctica broadcast schedule

LRA 36 Radio Nacional Arcangel San Gabriel has good news to share with shortwave listeners AND DXers around the world.

 Starting this week LRA36 will have 4 weekly emissions on 15476 kHz USB according to the following scheme: 

Tuesday 1:00 p.m. to 3:00 p.m. UTC 
Thursday 18:00 to 20:00 UTC
 Friday 12:00 to 15:00 UTC 
Saturday 18:00 to 21:00 UTC

Good DX and 73 
Adrian Korol

Monday, May 20, 2024

WRMI Summer Schedule Update


WRMI - Summer A24 schedule update - effective 20 May 2024
The current summer color grid which includes programming information is available at:

All times UTC

0000-0100 5010ca 5800la 5800na 5950na 7570na 9455na 15770eu  
0100-0200 5050la 5800la 5950na 7570na 7730na 7780ca 9455na 15770eu
0200-0300 5010ca 5050la 5800la 5950na 7570na 7780ca 9955sa 15770eu
0300-0400 5010ca 5050la 5800la 5850na 5950na 7570na 9955sa 15770eu
0400-0500 5010ca 5850na 7730na 7780ca 9455na 9955sa 15770eu
0500-0600 5010ca 5850na 7730na 9455na 9395na 9955sa 15770eu
0600-0700 5010ca 5850na 7730na 7780ca 9395na 9455na 9955sa 15770eu
0700-0800 5010ca 5850na 7730na 7780ca 9395na 9455na 9955sa 15770eu
0800-0900 5010ca 7730na 7780ca 9395na 9455na 9955sa 15770eu
0900-1000 5010ca 5850na 7730la 7780ca 9395na 9955sa 15770eu
1000-1100 5010ca 7730na 7780ca 9395na 9455na 9955sa 15770eu
1100-1200 5010ca 5850na 7730na 7780ca 9395na 9455na
1200-1300 5010ca 7730na 7780ca 9395na 9455na 15770eu
1300-1400 5010ca 5850na 7730na 7780ca 9395na 9455na
1400-1500 5010ca 5850na 7730na 7780na 9395na 9455na 9955sa 15770eu
1500-1600 7730na 9395na 9455na 9955sa 17790la
1600-1700 7730na 9395na 9455na 17790la
1700-1800 7730na 9395na 9455na 15770eu 17790la
1800-1900 7730na 9395na 9455na 15770eu 17790la
1900-2000 7730na 9395na 9455na 15770eu 17790la
2000-2100 9395na 9755na 17790la
2100-2200 5950na 7730na 9455na
2200-2300 5850na 5950na 7730na 9755na 15770eu
2300-0000 5850na 5950na 7570na 7730na 9455na 15770eu

Target Areas:
ca central America
eu Europe
la Latin America
na North America
sa South America

WRMI website:
Reception reports: 

Nostalgic look at CKLW AM 800

Special thanks to Ray Robinson & Jeff White for sharing this weeks Wavescan program script.

Jeff:  In North America, the mention of 800 kilocycles in the standard AM broadcast band usually brings back memories of one of three major stations.  On the island of Bonaire in the Netherlands Antilles, Trans World Radio launched a station on that frequency on October 1st, 1964, with programming beamed both north and south in Spanish, Portuguese and English.

In Mexico, there was a border blaster on 800 kHz in Ciudad Juárez, XEROK, just across the Rio Grand from El Paso, Texas.

And in Canada, there was the famous CKLW in Windsor, Ontario, which also served the metro Detroit area.  Today that’s a news/talk station, but many people remember it fondly from its Top 40 era in the late 60’s and 70’s.  And that’s the subject of Ray Robinson’s tribute today – CKLW, “The Big 8”.

Ray:  Thanks, Jeff.  CKLW first came on the air on June 2, 1932, as CKOK on 540 kilocycles, with 5,000 watts of power.  The station was built by George Storer and was sold to a group of Windsor-area businessmen led by Malcolm Campbell, operating as "Essex Broadcasters, Ltd."  CKOK became CKLW and moved to 840 kHz in 1933, when Essex Broadcasters, Ltd. merged with the London Free Press and its station CJGC.  The "LW" in the CKLW callsign is said to have stood for "London, Windsor", considered the two chief cities in the station's Southern Ontario listening area.  When the station's power increased to 50,000 watts, its listening area increased accordingly.  In 1934, CKLW moved from 840 to 1030 kHz, before settling on its present frequency of 800 kHz in 1941, thanks to a shuffle of frequency allocations under the North American Regional Broadcasting Agreement, or NABRA.

For most of its history, CKLW had a distinctly American accent to its programming, and for a number of years served as the Detroit affiliate of the Mutual Broadcasting System, an affiliation that began with its switch from CBS to Mutual on September 29, 1935, and which would last from then until its purchase by RKO in 1963.

Alongside its affiliation with Mutual, CKLW also gained a dual affiliation with the CBC in 1935.  In the late 1930’s and early 1940’s, CKLW was home to Happy Joe's Early Morning Frolic with Joe Gentile and Toby David – one of the first popular comedy-oriented radio morning shows in Detroit.

As television's popularity boomed, CKLW, like many other stations, coped with the changes by replacing the dying network radio fare with locally based disc-jockey shows.  Throughout the 1950’s and into the mid-1960’s, CKLW was basically a "variety" radio station which filled in the gaps between network features with pop music played by announcers like Bud Davies, Joe Van, and Ron Knowles (who had a rock-and-roll show on AM 800 as early as 1957).  For a few years in the early 1960’s, CKLW also featured a country music program in the evenings called Sounds Like Nashville.  That ended in 1963 when WEXL 1340 became Detroit's first 24-hour country station.

On April 4, 1967, CKLW got a drastic makeover with Bill Drake's "Boss Radio" format, programmed locally by Paul Drew.  The station became known as "The Big 8," with new jingles sung by the Johnny Mann Singers, and the station was on a rapid ratings upswing.

In July 1967, CKLW claimed the number one spot in the Detroit ratings for the first time, and its major competitor in the Detroit market, WKNR, was left in the dust.  That station switched to an easy listening format as WNIC less than five years later.

It is said that CKLW became the hum of the region. Walking down Woodward Avenue, in Detroit, it could be heard blasting from just about every direction – from passing cars, businesses and the open windows of homes.  But of course, Detroit’s #1 station was, in fact, not in Detroit.  Its 50,000 watts of AM power, which blanketed southern Ontario and more than a dozen states, was instead situated on the southern shore of the Detroit River in Windsor, Ontario.

It’s actually a ‘Class B’ 50,000 watt station, with a five-tower array directional antenna with differing patterns day and night.  Despite its high power, it must protect Class A clear-channel station XEROK in Ciudad Juárez, Mexico, and other Canadian and U.S. stations on 800 AM.  The transmitter is off County Road 20 West in southern Essex County, between Amherstburg and Harrow, a few kilometres from the Lake Erie shoreline.  When Trans World Radio launched their station in Bonaire in 1964 with 525,000 watts on the same frequency, it caused significant interference to CKLW at night.  But, CKLW was, and is, under no obligation to protect TWR, as that station signed on long after North American allocations were settled, and the Netherlands Antilles didn’t honour such international agreements.

But in the primary markets of Windsor and Detroit in the late 1960’s, the exciting, bold, new style of ‘The Big 8’ revolutionized not only how radio and media would be delivered, but also how it would be consumed.  Its format relentlessly pumped out the hits in assembly-line fashion.  Its newscasters made the news as exciting as the music, and the “audio wizardry” of its engineer, Ed Buterbaugh, pushed the capabilities of the AM frequency, sonically separating the station from all others on the dial.  CKLW resonated with the rising power of a youthful, new generation that demanded to be listened to just as much as the station did itself.  Music was the backbone of CKLW.  This was “hit radio,” and key to its reign supreme in the trend-setting Detroit radio market was its ability to integrate Black R&B or soul music (‘the Motown Sound’) seamlessly with white rock ‘n’ roll in a way that most American stations wouldn’t touch.

The Big 8 established Windsor as a “gateway radio market” for breaking Canadian recording artists into the United States.  Few acts felt the station’s impact greater than The Guess Who.  While already enjoying national success in Canada, once CKLW picked up on ‘These Eyes’ in 1969, the band’s career was forever changed.  Overnight, they were signed to an American record deal with RCA Victor and within the year had a #1 hit on the Billboard charts with the single ‘American Woman’.  CKLW got behind numerous Canadian acts, giving their careers a significant boost in the process – Steppenwolf, Bachman Turner Overdrive, The Poppy Family, Gordon Lightfoot, Anne Murray, and numerous others.  Here are some airchecks from the late 1960’s:

Besides the music, another feature of the "Big 8" was its "20/20 News", so-called because it was delivered at 20 minutes after the hour and 20 minutes before the hour - scheduling that allowed CKLW to be playing music while other stations were airing newscasts at the top of the hour or on the quarter- or half-hour.  The CKLW newscasters delivered imagery-laden news stories in a rapid-fire, excited manner, not sparing any of the gory details when it came to describing murders or rapes.  This was an attempt to make the news sound as exciting and gripping as the music.  Another memorable feature of the 20/20 newscasts was the incessant clacking of the teletype in the background, which gave the newscasts a unique sound.

But the station’s ability to compete within the Detroit market was significantly compromised when the newly mandated Canadian content (or ‘Cancon’) regulations, which required 30% Canadian content, went into effect in 1971.  Still, even with those constraints, CKLW continued to hold the #1 spot in Detroit well into 1973.  The effects of Cancon, combined with an increasingly fragmented radio listening audience as a result of the rise of FM radio throughout the 1970’s, meant CKLW’s ratings would inevitably decline.

The Canadian government's initial unwillingness to license FM frequencies with pop or rock music formats stranded Canadian stations on AM while an entire demographic of listeners began the exodus to US-based FM outlets anywhere the signals were in range.  For many younger listeners by 1978, CKLW was the station they listened to only if they had an AM-only radio in their cars.  (I had one of those in an old Lincoln Continental in 1985.)

The station did implement AM stereo in 1982 and even got the rights to broadcast University of Michigan football and NASL soccer, but it wasn’t enough.  In 1984, the Canadian Radio and Television Commission (CRTC) declined the station’s application to relaunch as an FM hit radio station, and that spelt the end.  On January 1st, 1985, CKLW raised the white flag.  The station laid off its entire staff of 79 people, closed its American sales office in Detroit, and re-branded as ‘K-800’ with a fully automated ‘Music of Your Life’ format of jazz standards and big band music.  And, since most of those recordings were mono, the AM stereo was switched off.

On March 1st 1993, the format was changed again to news/talk as ‘AM 800 – The Information Station’, which it still is to this day.

On May 1, 2017, a fire broke out at the transmitter site, knocking the station off the air.  Programming was temporarily moved to sister station AM 580 CKWW, while both stations' internet feeds remained unaffected.  The cause was never made public, and the station was able to return to the air on reduced power by mid-afternoon the following day.

The story of ‘The Big 8’ was one of the most exciting and unique radio stories of the 20th century.  It happened in a small border city that’s typically seen as living in Detroit’s shadow rather than being a major cultural mover and shaker itself.  But, for a time, Windsor hosted one of the most listened to and influential radio stations in North America.

Back to you, Jeff.

Weekly Propagation Forecast Bulletins

Product: Weekly Highlights and Forecasts
:Issued: 2024 May 20 0143 UTC
# Prepared by the US Dept. of Commerce, NOAA, Space Weather Prediction Center
# Product description and SWPC contact
#                Weekly Highlights and Forecasts
Highlights of Solar and Geomagnetic Activity 13 - 19 May 2024

Solar activity ranged from low to high levels during the period. High levels were reached 13-15 May; moderate levels 16-17 May; and low levels on 18 May. Levels returned to moderate by 19 May. There were at least 15 M-class flares and 5 X-class flares during the reporting week - sub-peaks and re-enhancements made firm correlations difficult. Region 3664 (S17, L=347, Fkc/BGD on 11 May) was the primary X-class flare producer and erupted with the largest solar flare thus far in solar cycle 25, an X8.7 at 14/1651 UTC as it reached the western limb. Nineteen sunspot groups littered the solar disk, with Region 3664 rotating beyond the limb 14 May. Even though Region 3664 rotated beyond the limb, it continued producing M and X-class flares on 15 May, to include an X3.4 flare at 15/0818 UTC. Another active region just beyond the east limb was the source of an X2.9 flare on 15/1438 UTC. This region rotated into view on 16 May and was designated as Region 3685 (S13 L=152, Ehi/BG on 16 May. 

Radio activity was aplenty during the week - main highlights include Region 3664 eruption of solar radio bursts on 14 May that included Castelli U signature bursts twice, once with an X1.7 flare at 14/0209 UTC and again with the X8.7 flare. The first radio burst was the more massive, with a peak frequency flux centered on 245 MHz of 63,000 sfu. Tenflares were also observed, as well as Type II and IV radio sweeps with each of these events. Radio activity of note continued on 15 May with early activity still from well beyond the limb Region 3664, however, later on 15 May, the source region shifted to the east limb, with Type II and IV sweeps associated with the X2.9 flare from soon to be assigned Region 3685. 

Many CMEs were noted through the week, most were sourced to Region 3664 and were determined to be misses ahead of Earth. However, even though an asymmetric halo CME on 13 May from Region 3664 was analyzed and modeled as mainly a miss, possible shock arrival and glancing or near-proximity influences were possible on 14-15 May due to its fast speed. Additionally, on 14 May, a filament eruption centered over the far northeastern solar disk was modeled and a glancing blow was suggested by 17 May. Yet another filament eruption occurred from a source location in the northwest quadrant on 16 May. This associated CME analysis and model results suggested a glancing blow possible on 20 May. 

A proton event was observed at geosynchronous orbit. The event began on 13 May as the greater than 10 MeV levels reached 10 pfu at 13/1400 UTC and breached 100 pfu by 14/0335 UTC. These events were most likely associated with flare and CME activity from region 3664. Peak flux reached was 121 pfu on 14/0505 UTC and decreased below 10 pfu at 16/1455 UTC. 

The greater than 2 MeV electron flux reached 1,000 pfu on 15/1525 UTC with a peak flux of 1,500 pfu at 15/1840 UTC and returned to normal levels on 16 May. 

Geomagnetic field activity ranged from quiet to G2 (Moderate) storm levels. 13 May began with G2 levels in response to continued CME influences as solar wind speeds were still highly elevated and near 850 km/s with total IMF strength between 5-10 nT and favorable periods of southward Bz component. Solar wind speed slowly declined and eventually reached near 450 km/s on 15 May, while the total IMF strength weakened and returned to more ambient levels. This led to a period of mainly quiet to unsettled levels 14-15 May. Another enhancement in the solar wind field occurred on 16 May due to CME effects (likely from one of Region's 3664 CMEs of 13 May) as the total field intensified to 17 nT, while the Bz component shifted southward - this led to G1 (Minor) to G2 storm levels. Yet another CME arrival disturbed and enhanced the IMF again, with a favorable southward connection on 17 May that led to G1-G2 storm levels again.

The origin of this CME is somewhat in doubt, but the most likely candidate is one of the CMEs from Region 3664 on 14 May. The solar wind field gradually returned to a less disturbed and more ambient, background state on 18 May with quiet to active levels noted and quiet to unsettled conditions on 19 May. 

Forecast of Solar and Geomagnetic Activity 20 May - 15 June 2024

Solar activity is likely to be moderate (R1-R2; Minor-Moderate), with a slight chance for high levels (R3; Strong) through 21 May as Region 3685 (S13 L=155, Ehi/BG as of 18 May) continues to produce low-level M-class flares (R1). The region will take some time to rotate to the western limb - rotating beyond the limb by 30 May. Meanwhile eight other regions will rotate beyond the limb beginning 21 May through 26 May. A good number of former spot regions are timed to rotate back into Earth-view through much of the outlook period - the most anticipated is former Region 3664 (S17, L=347, Fkc/BGD on 11 May) that is expected to return by 26-27 May. The litany of returning regions, to include 3664, could lead to increasing solar activity levels back to moderate to high levels as early as 26 May. 

There will be a slight chance of S1 (Minor) solar radiation storms through 30 May until Region 3685 rotates beyond the western limb. If Region 3664 survives to its return to the visible solar disk 26-27 May, there is a possibility of an increase to a chance of an S1 storm by 7-15 June. 

The greater than 2 MeV electron flux is likely to be normal to moderate with a chance for high levels 20 May - 15 Jun. 

Geomagnetic activity is anticipated to be at quiet to active conditions, with likely G1 (Minor) storm levels 20 May due to CME effects. Conditions are expected to wane on 21 May and primarily quiet to active levels are expected. A period of quiet conditions follows 22-23 May, with CH HSS effects leading back to active levels 24-25 May. The remainder of the period is anticipated to be primarily a mix of quiet to active conditions in varying responses to occasional recurrent CH HSS effects.  

Product: 27-day Space Weather Outlook Table 27DO.txt
:Issued: 2024 May 20 0143 UTC
# Prepared by the US Dept. of Commerce, NOAA, Space Weather Prediction Center
# Product description and SWPC contact
#      27-day Space Weather Outlook Table
#                Issued 2024-05-20
#   UTC      Radio Flux   Planetary   Largest
#  Date       10.7 cm      A Index    Kp Index
2024 May 20     190          24          5
2024 May 21     190          16          4
2024 May 22     185           5          2
2024 May 23     190           5          2
2024 May 24     190          15          4
2024 May 25     185          12          3
2024 May 26     195           5          2
2024 May 27     200          12          4
2024 May 28     210           8          3
2024 May 29     210           5          2
2024 May 30     215           5          2
2024 May 31     225          10          3
2024 Jun 01     225          12          4
2024 Jun 02     225          12          4
2024 Jun 03     220           8          3
2024 Jun 04     220           5          2
2024 Jun 05     210           5          2
2024 Jun 06     210           5          2
2024 Jun 07     210           5          2
2024 Jun 08     200          10          3
2024 Jun 09     195          12          4
2024 Jun 10     190           8          3
2024 Jun 11     185          12          4
2024 Jun 12     180          10          3
2024 Jun 13     170           5          2
2024 Jun 14     170           5          2
2024 Jun 15     165           5          2

Saturday, May 18, 2024

Bayrak Radio on Cyprus Island, Part 1, 2


The history of Bayrak Radio on Cyprus Island is very interesting and sometimes even dramatic. In Dec. of 1963 fighting had broken out between the Turkish and Greek communities and the UN peacekeepers forces were deployed in 1964. Even before the conflict was over, a small group of engineers and technicians were asked to set up the Turkish radio station. 

At that time the Turkish Cypriots were forcibly excluded from the Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation, where the Greek and Turkish Cypriots had worked together. The station was supposed to announce the Cyprus Turkish People's existence on the island and make their rightful voice heard. From the British Army they got a transmitter and some parts, but the equipment was on the Greek side. 

They secretly organized the arrival of these things, which weighed around 1000 kilos. About 30 people worked night and day on the project. On Dec.23, 1963 the Voice of Turkish Cypriot Freedom Fighters went on the air calling "Bayrak-Bayrak-Bayrak" on 1400 kHz at a very low power. 

The transmission was on the medium wave, because there were not any shortwave radios in Turkish Cypriot homes. The station was in the garage of one of the Turkish leaders. A 40 meter-long wire antenna was in use, and for the power supply 120 car batteries were used. It was a big job in the workshop for building and repairing radios for the Turkish villagers. Later the station was moved into a building of the Post Office in Nicosia. So, times in the beginning for Bayrak Radio were very difficult! 

But quite soon in the next year of 1964 Bayrak Radio was heard internationally in Turkish, Greek, and in English on SW - 6700 and 7275 kHz. Then for over ten years the radio had operated on a makeshift basis, using slightly different frequencies - 6150, 6159 and 6279 kHz.

In 1974 the Turkish military had occupied much of the North-Eastern part of the island and it had created many changes :1. The Turkish Republic of North Cyprus was founded; 2. The Bayrak Radio & Television Corporation (BRTK)
was organized; 3. The Bayrak Radio International station begin to operate. With this new name BRI became an independent association -
The Voice of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, BRTK.

History of Bayrak Radio on Cyprus Island Part 2

The station underwent many technical improvements; its power went up from 7,5 / 10 kW to 25 kW; for some years its air-time was 25 hours in Turkish, Greek, German, French, Arabic, English and even in Russian.

Their programs consisted of information and entertainment aimed at bolstering national pride and reducing the isolation of the Turkish Cypriot communities. Propaganda with news, views, interviews

The station was a prime DX target for decades, especially for the American DXers, but in Europe the power of 10 or 25 kW made its signals audible almost everywhere.
Of course, there were some periods of time when the station was off the air for a long duration. For example, in the BCDX for Jan. 2012 a report appeared about the station being upgraded with a new antenna system and that was why it could work in 2011 with reduced power of 4 kW. Also, it was expected to be on air in March of 2012. But alas, it never happened! In the same BCDX for Jan. 2013, the Head of the Transmission Department of the BRI wrote :

"The Radio Bayrak transmitter is still on the air with reduced power. The damage to the antenna system appeared to be bigger than anticipated. Some repair job was done, but it still needed a lot of renovation. There was, however, a big discussion going on about cutting the expenses in all areas, due to the recent economic crisis. The Government was considering to close down the shortwave services." 

Since then nothing was heard about the station. In the EiBi frequency list for Oct.30, 2011 - Mar.25, 2012 Radio Bayrak International was on 6150 kHz; that was the last time it was seen ! Now here is something about the Tx site location of the station: some sources tell us that Radio Bayrak was listed in 1976 at Yeny Iskele; another one informs that on Oct.25, 1983, the new transmission center was established near Yeni Iskele for broadcasting on medium wave of 1098 kHz and on short wave of 6150 kHz, 7,5/10/25 kW. In the GE image we can see this site : 35 17'40"N - 33 54'58"E.
(shortwave sites/Nordx)

Propagation update from the U.K.


After last weekend’s auroral spectacular, it was nice to see the Sun calm down a little and the bands get back to normal. But that didn’t last long.

To recap, on Friday 10 May the Kp index shot up to 9, due to the effects of a number of coronal mass ejections, while the HF bands closed down in the subsequent geomagnetic storm.
While there were visible aurora across the UK and Europe, HF propagation really suffered and didn’t start to recover until the late afternoon on Saturday 11 May.
The main culprit, active region 3664, has now rotated out of view, but that doesn’t mean we are out of the woods just yet.

Solar flares can cause short-term disruption to HF propagation due to their X-rays penetrating deep into the D-region and causing signals to be absorbed. Subsequent coronal mass ejections can cause longer-term degradation of the F2 layer with reduced maximum usable frequencies, noisy bands and auroral conditions.

At the time of writing, the Kp index stood at 6 again so it looks like unsettled geomagnetic conditions are continuing with a moderate G2 geomagnetic storm in progress.
Low to moderate activity is now expected, with a slight chance of further strong-class flares. The regions currently on the visible disc are smaller and simpler, with isolated M-flares possible from these. However, a new active region, now rotating into view, has already emitted an X-class solar flare.
Next week, the United States Air Force predicts that the solar flux index may remain in the 160 to 180 range. HF conditions remain a lottery as they can be badly affected by solar flares and coronal mass ejections.

It is best to keep an eye on for updates, and also for near real-time reports of the critical and maximum usable frequencies.
VHF and up:

The weather remains on the unsettled side of things with areas of rain and some thunderstorms over the country, especially the south as we end this week. As this report is being read out, high pressure is becoming established over northern and western Britain.

This may eventually take a tenuous hold over the rest of the country during the second half of the coming week and into next weekend, the 25 and 26 May.
This high pressure, although fairly weak, may help with some Tropo for those in northern Britain in the 144MHz May Contest and the Backpackers Contest this weekend, ending the 19 May. It may also be helpful to those taking part in the 1.3GHz UK Activity Contest on the 21 May. However, the conditions may not be of much use in the south as another low arrives from the continent.

Overall, rain scatter on the GHz bands will probably be worth exploring in the rainy areas again, since some of the showers may be heavy and thundery.
The prospects for aurora are still worth keeping in mind despite the recent stunning event. Minor non-visible events can still provide a reasonable radio aurora to explore.

The Sporadic-E season continues to develop. And with such unsettled weather, there are plentiful jet streams to act as source regions for turbulence, which can propagate up to the E region where they can generate Sporadic-E.

We are currently at the tail end of the Eta Aquariids meteor shower. A few meteors from this shower will continue to appear, but no major shower is expected this week.
The lowest Moon declination occurs this coming Friday. With the Moon being full on the 23 May, a clear sky should reveal an impressive ‘Flower Moon’.
For EME, path loss will still be relatively high, although the Moon is starting to move back towards its closest point to Earth, or perigee.
144MHz sky noise starts the week low but rises to high on Saturday the 25 May.

(Mike Terry/BDXC)
Photo/Fox News)