Monday, July 13, 2020

Weekly Propagation Forecast Bulletins


Product: Weekly Highlights and Forecasts
:Issued: 2020 Jul 13 0246 UTC
# Prepared by the US Dept. of Commerce, NOAA, Space Weather Prediction Center
# Product description and SWPC web contact  www.swpc.noaa.gov/content/subscription-services
#
#                Weekly Highlights and Forecasts
#
Highlights of Solar and Geomagnetic Activity 06 - 12 July 2020

Solar activity was very low throughout the summary period. Region 2766 (N05, L=122, class/area Bxo/010 on 10 Jul) was the only spotted region and decayed to plage by 11 Jul.

A filament eruption near S29W18 produced a faint, slow-moving CME signature in LASCO/SOHO C2 imagery beginning at 09/0724 UTC. Analysis and modeling of the event suggested a possible glancing blow from the CME around 14 Jul.

No proton events were observed at geosynchronous orbit.

The greater than 2 MeV electron flux at geosynchronous orbit was at normal to moderate levels throughout the summary period.

Geomagnetic field activity was quiet. No significant periods of southward Bz were observed.

Forecast of Solar and Geomagnetic Activity 13 July - 08 August 2020

Solar activity is expected to be very low over the outlook period.

No proton events are expected at geosynchronous orbit.

The greater than 2 MeV electron flux at geosynchronous orbit is expected to continue at normal to moderate levels.

Geomagnetic field activity is expected to range from quiet to active levels. Unsettled conditions are likely on 13 Jul and 31 Jul - 01 Aug in response to coronal hole influence. Active conditions are also likely on 14 Jul due to the anticipated arrival of a slow-moving transient that left the Sun on 09 Jul. The remainder of the outlook period is expected to be at quiet levels and under a nominal solar wind environment.

Product: 27-day Space Weather Outlook Table 27DO.txt
:Issued: 2020 Jul 13 0246 UTC
# Prepared by the US Dept. of Commerce, NOAA, Space Weather Prediction Center
# Product description and SWPC web contact www.swpc.noaa.gov/content/subscription-services
#
#      27-day Space Weather Outlook Table
#                Issued 2020-07-13
#
#   UTC      Radio Flux   Planetary   Largest
#  Date       10.7 cm      A Index    Kp Index
2020 Jul 13      68           8          3
2020 Jul 14      68          12          4
2020 Jul 15      68           8          3
2020 Jul 16      68           5          2
2020 Jul 17      68           5          2
2020 Jul 18      68           5          2
2020 Jul 19      68           5          2
2020 Jul 20      68           5          2
2020 Jul 21      68           5          2
2020 Jul 22      68           5          2
2020 Jul 23      68           5          2
2020 Jul 24      68           5          2
2020 Jul 25      69           5          2
2020 Jul 26      69           5          2
2020 Jul 27      69           5          2
2020 Jul 28      69           5          2
2020 Jul 29      69           5          2
2020 Jul 30      69           5          2
2020 Jul 31      69           8          3
2020 Aug 01      69          10          3
2020 Aug 02      68           5          2
2020 Aug 03      68           5          2
2020 Aug 04      68           5          2
2020 Aug 05      68           5          2
2020 Aug 06      68           5          2
2020 Aug 07      68           5          2
2020 Aug 08      68           5          2
(NOAA)

Saturday, July 11, 2020

From the Isle of Music and Uncle Bill's Melting Pot schedules, July 12-18


From the Isle of Music, July 12-18
This week, Arturo Cruz shares songs from his new release Benny por Siempre, a tribute to Benny Moré with ten prominent vocalists.

The broadcasts take place:
For Eastern Europe but audible well beyond the target area in most of the Eastern Hemisphere (including parts of East Asia and Oceania) with 100kw Sunday 1500-1600 UTC on SpaceLine, 9400 kHz, from Sofia, Bulgaria (1800-1900 MSK)
If you don't have a shortwave radio or are out of range, you can listen live to an uplink from a listening radio in the Netherlands during the broadcast at
http://websdr.ewi.utwente.nl:8901/?tune=9400am 

For the Americas and parts of Europe, Tuesday 0000-0100 on WBCQ, 7490 kHz from Monticello, ME, USA (Monday 8-9PM EDT in the US).
If you don't have a shortwave or are out of range, you can listen to a live stream from the WBCQ website here (choose 7490): http://www.wbcq.com/?page_id=7 

For Europe and sometimes beyond, Tuesday 1900-2000 UTC and Saturday 1200-1300 UTC on Channel 292, 6070 kHz from Rohrbach, Germany.
If you don't have a shortwave radio or are out of range, you can listen live to uplinks from various websdrs in Europe.
Our Facebook page is https://www.facebook.com/fromtheisleofmusic/ 
Our V-Kontakte page is https://vk.com/fromtheisleofmusic 
Our Patreon page is https://www.patreon.com/tilford 

Uncle Bill's Melting Pot, July 12 and 14
Episode 173 brings us some of the rich multiethnic stew that is the music of Suriname.

The transmissions take place:
Sundays 2200-2300 (6:00PM -7:00PM EDT) on WBCQ The Planet 7490 kHz from the US to the Americas and parts of Europe
If you don't have a shortwave or are out of range, you can listen to a live stream from the WBCQ website here (choose 7490): http://www.wbcq.com/?page_id=7 

Tuesdays 2000-2100 UTC on Channel 292, 6070 KHz from Rohrbach, Germany for Europe.
If you don't have a shortwave radio or are out of range, you can listen live to an uplink from different web SDRs in Europe
including a live uplink from a listening radio in the Netherlands at http://websdr.ewi.utwente.nl:8901/?tune=6070am
Our Facebook page is https://www.facebook.com/UncleBillsMeltingPot/ 
Our V-Kontakte page is https://vk.com/fromtheisleofmusic 
Our Patreon page is https://www.patreon.com/tilford 
(Bill Tilford/Tilford Productions)

Friday, July 10, 2020

Radio Taiwan International, set for analogue testing

RTI QSL card (Gayle Van Horn Collection)
Test transmissions of RTI German service, will conduct testing analogue only direct from Taiwan-Tamsui.

Test will be on Saturday, 11 July as follows:

All times UTC

1700-1710 - 11990 kHz
1800-1810 - 9540 kHz
1820-1830 - 7250 kHz
1840- 1850 - 7380 kHz

Send reception reports to: cbh109@rti.org 

Wednesday, July 08, 2020

Radio Belarus International resumes English on shortwave

 GERMANY / BELARUS REPUBLIC   6005 and 3985 kHz via Kall Eifel Germany.

Radio Belarus International - back in English on Shortwave 6005 and 3985



I noticed a posting on Facebook concerning Radio Belarus International in English. The two hour broadcast is now being broadcast once again on shortwave, now via the Kall transmitters of Shortwaveservice.

Christian Milling confirms that the schedule is daily at
1800-1900 UT on 6005 kHz (First hour)
1930-2030 UT on 3985 kHz (Second hour).

This will impact some other stations previously broadcast at these times and I'll post the
new schedules as soon as they are known.

Today Tuesday 7 July from 1820-1840 UT was their Letterbox program
(heard via WebSDR).
(Alan Roe, Teddington-UK, direct and via BrDXC-UK mewsgroup July 7)
(WWDXC-Top Nx 1431)

Tuesday, July 07, 2020

Two or Three Clandestine Radio Stations in Vanuatu


On two separate occasions, there was a movement for total independence on the part of some areas within the British/French Condominium of the New Hebrides, or Vanuatu as it is known these days.

Back towards the end of the 1800's, a small enclave on the main island of Efate exerted its own independence for a few months; and then more recently, just some forty years ago, the entire island of Espiritu Santo made an attempt at independence.

The first attempt at independence occurred in the Port Vila area on the island of Efate in the year 1889 when the 550 local residents (Native, French and English) set up their own separate community, with a president, a colorful flag, and government leadership.  Less than a year later, the erstwhile nation of Franceville was no more, and the town instead is now known as Port Vila.

The second attempt at some form of independence in the New Hebrides/Vanuatu occurred some forty and fifty years ago on the largest island in the island chain, Espiritu Santo.  At the time, independence movements were underway for all of the New Hebrides archipelagoes, but the inhabitants on Santo were upset by the political maneuvering prior to colonial independence that was leading to the new central government. 

A new village,Tanafo, was established a few miles out from Luganville on Santo Island and this became the headquarters for the secession movement.  The green headquarters building, now abandoned, has become somewhat of a tourist attraction for visitors to Santo.

Two or three clandestine broadcasting stations were established in the New Hebrides during the national independence era, and the first of these was installed in the head office building at Tanafo.  Known as Radio Tanafo, this new though low powered shortwave station was inaugurated in January 1976.

Radio Tanafo was first noted further abroad by the well known international radio monitor in New Zealand, Arthur Cushen, on January 20 (1976).  Programming was music and speech in Bislama, a Creole language, which has since become the national language for Vanuatu.  Plans were announced at the time for the possibility of some future programming in both French and English. 

The original transmitter was listed at just 60 watts, though with a saltwater pathway in all directions, coverage throughout the New Hebrides was generally quite reasonable.  In the evenings the station could be heard quite regularly in both New Zealand and Australia.  This transmitter was donated to the Tanafo political organization Nagriamel by an American resident Michael Oliver.

The new Radio Tanafo jumped around a bit on the shortwave dial, usually somewhere in the 3 MHz (90 metre tropical) band, though one other observed channel was 7125 kHz.  Soon afterwards, an additional shortwave transmitter was obtained, and this was installed also in the same Tanafo building.

For somewhere around four years, this Radio Tanafo was generally on the air, though somewhat irregularly.  Then in 1979, with the increase of political tensions, Radio Tanafo became Radio Vemerama, a new station with, in some ways, a new set of equipment.

And this time, the station moved around from place to place to avoid capture, though generally in the same areas of the same island, Espiritu Santo.  The, shall we say, new transmitter was an old marine transceiver rated at 350 watts.

There was another clandestine radio transmitter on the air in the New Hebrides around the same time, and this one was identified as Radio Vanuaaku.  This station operated on 3004 kHz, and it was said to be located on one of the islands somewhere, and perhaps moving from island to island.

The technical equipment for this station was flown in from a nearby country, and it was passed successfully through customs.  The new Radio Vanuaaka was supporting the Vanuaaku political party, of which Walter Lini was the head.  There are no known international loggings of this particular low power shortwave station.

With Independence Day for the New Hebrides drawing near in the Summer of 1980, army troops from Papua New Guinea were called in to quell the rebellion on Santo, and there was a brief skirmish known locally as the Coconut War.  The New Hebrides was granted independence on July 30, 1980.

Just one week after Independence Day (August 6, 1980), an Australian aeroplane with direction finding equipment aboard arrived at Port Vila on the capital city island Efate.  Three days later, the plane began flights over various islands of Vanuatu in an attempt to locate the two clandestine radio stations, RadioTanafo-Vemerama and Radio Vanuaaka.

A British team at the Kumul Force headquarters in the police station near the Bauerfield Airport was already on the air with a 60 watt transmitter jamming the signal from the clandestine Radio Tanafo-Vemerama. The last occasion when this station was heard in New Zealand was August 14 (1980).

The Australian plane made many flights in an attempt to locate the signals from the two clandestine radio stations, but apparently (and perhaps conveniently) without success.  In any case, the army contingent from Papua New Guinea found both stations and closed them four days later, on August 18 (1980).

The elected new Prime Minister Walter Lini no longer needed his clandestine Radio Vanuaaka; he now had access to the official government station Radio Vila.

Additional readings: Radio Happy Isles:Media and Politics at Play in the Pacific
https://tinyurl.com/ycfbsmdr

And the latest on logging Radio Vanuatu 
Radio Vanuatu has been broadcasting in English/Bislama on shortwave, observed on the following schedule
All times UTC
1830-0000, 3945
0000-0700, 5040
0700-1000, 3945
1000-1100, 2485.
Frequency 2485 kHz has been on Monday-Friday, irregularly, and the frequency has been vaiable.
(WRTH)

Monday, July 06, 2020

RFA Offers Summer QSL to end of August


                                              ®
 RADIO FREE ASIA RELEASES USAGM BIBLIS QSL 
  
Radio Free Asia (RFA) announces our sixth QSL card in the series highlighting USAGM transmitter sites used for RFA radio programming. Our programs also broadcasts from these USAGM sites: Kuwait, Lampertheim, Saipan and Tinian. USAGM Biblis is one function of the USAGM’s Germany Station and is an integral part of USAGM’s global satellite interconnect system (SIS) carrying RFA programming where needed. This is RFA’s 73rd QSL and confirms all valid RFA reception reports to the end of August 2020. 

Created by Congress in 1994 and incorporated in 1996, RFA broadcasts in Burmese, Cantonese, Khmer, Korean to North Korea, Lao, Mandarin Chinese, Vietnamese, Tibetan (including Uke, Amdo, and Kham dialects), and Uyghur. RFA strives for accuracy, balance, and fairness in our editorial content. As a ‘surrogate’ broadcaster, RFA provides news and commentary specific to each of our target countries, acting as the free press these countries lack. RFA broadcasts only in local languages and dialects, and most of our broadcasts comprise news of specific local interest.  More information
about RFA, including our current broadcast frequency schedule, is always available at www.rfa.org.

RFA encourages listeners to submit reception reports.  Reception reports are valuable to RFA as they help us evaluate the signal strength and quality of our transmissions.  RFA confirms all accurate reception reports by mailing a QSL card to the listener.  RFA welcomes all reception report submissions at http://techweb.rfa.org (follow the QSL REPORTS link) not only from DXers, but also from our general listening audience.

Reception reports are also accepted by email at qsl@rfa.org and by mail to:

          Reception Reports
          Radio Free Asia
          2025 M. Street NW, Suite 300
          Washington DC 20036
          United States of America


Radio Free Asia - Summer schedule
USA, USAGM - Radio Free Asia

RFA Broadcast Frequency Schedules
Effective to 25 October 2020

All times UTC

Burmese                   
0030-0130   12120 15110 15700
1230-1330    7530  9370 11805
1330-1400    7530 11805 12140
1400-1430    7530 11805

Khmer                     
1230-1330    9700 12140
1430-1500    9355 12140
2230-2330    9890 12140

Korean                    
1000-1100    1566
1500-1700    1188  9850  9990 11985
1700-1900    1188  9990 11985
2100-2200    9540 11945 11985

Lao                       
0000-0100    9940
1100-1200   15195

Mandarin                  
0300-0400   11570 11895 11985 17690
0400-0500   11895 13750 17690 21505
0500-0600   11895 17690 21690
0600-0700   11895 13790 17690 17810
1500-1600    9940 11675 13810
1600-1700    7540 11610 13570 13810
1700-1800    9360  9970
1800-1900    9360  9970 11745
1900-2000    1557  9360  9720
2000-2100    1557  6080  9360  9535
2100-2200    1557  7435  9685
2300-2400    9535  9720 15555

Tibetan                   
0100-0200    9370  9510  9705 11705 13765
0200-0300    9370 11705 11745
1000-1100   13800
1100-1200   13580 15265 15470 17640
1200-1300   11570 13580 15470 17690 17720
1300-1400   11570 13835 15275 15470 17860
2300-2400    5965  9555  9875

Uyghur                    
0100-0200    9350  9780  9800 11640 11790
1600-1700    9355  9480 11675 15700
(RFA)

Warsan Radio last station in Somalia


Somalia
Warsan Radio, located in Baidoa, is currently the only shortwave station, broadcasting from Somalia. The station recently shifted from 7750 kHz to 7110 kHz.

Schedule in Somali 0300-0600 and 0900-1900 UTC.

Station website: http://www.warsanradio.com (with streaming audio)
Email: warsanradiobaidoa@gmail.com

Baidoa has been one of two cities rocked by explosions in recent days. Additional news at:
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/jul/04/explosions-in-two-somali-cities-leave-four-dead
https://www.nytimes.com/2020/07/04/world/africa/somalia-bombing-mogadishu.html

Somalia stations Radio Hargeisa (Somaliland) and Puntland Radio (Puntland) are inactive at this time.

Kerosene Powered Radio Receiver


Kerosene Powered Radio Receiver! Yes, that is correct. There really was a radio receiver that was powered by the flame from a kerosene lamp.

This is the story. During the month of May, 2020, there was a series of messages exchanged on the internet, regarding the possibility of operating a radio receiver powered by a kerosene lamp. The question was asked: Is this story true, or is it just a figment of wild imagination? The answer is that yes, there really was a kerosene operated radio receiver, and it was manufactured and sold commercially.

Now back in the middle of last century, kerosene refrigerators were available in South America and in Australia where electrical power in rural areas was not available. These kerosene refrigerators operated with a burning kerosene flame; they cooled down the contents of the refrigerator though nothing was cold enough to be frozen. 

The well known American international radio monitor Don Moore states that he was familiar with the kerosene refrigerator during the era when he was serving as a Peace Corp volunteer in Honduras in the 1980s. They were occasionally in use in small country stores.

Similar consideration back in the middle of last century was given to what is known as Peltier cooling; that is the passing of a direct electrical current through a series of dissimilar metal junctions that produces a reduction in temperature.  This cascade effect does indeed produce a reduction in temperature, but it is insufficient for refrigeration.

Back in the era after World War II, a radio receiver was manufactured in Moscow specifically for use in rural areas of Russia and also in Middle Eastern countries. This unique world band radio was also in use in country areas of Siberia and China. One of the major purposes for the production of this unique Russian made radio receiver was so that different peoples living in many widely scattered areas could tune in to the programming from Radio Moscow.

An electrical current for the radio receiver is produced when a group of metal junctions is heated by the flame in a kerosene lamp. This mild current is sufficient to heat the filament in the radio valves, and to power a vibrator with an output of 90 volts.  A quart of kerosene would power the radio for a dozen hours or more.

The Russian kerosene radio receiver contains 7 tubes with four switchable bands running from the European longwave band, 175 kHz up to 12.3 MHz shortwave. The powerful 5 inch loudspeaker, with push-pull audio, can tune distant radio stations (longwave, mediumwave and shortwave) at a good room filling volume.

The radio receiver is housed in an attractive commercially-made table-model cabinet, and it features two pairs of concentric rotatable knobs. The two concentric knobs on the left are for tone and volume, and the two concentric knobs on the right are for tuning and band switching.  A separate vibrator with power cables and a voltmeter are attached externally to the console receiver. 

This radio could also be run with suitable size batteries, and also from local electricity if available. There was also a headphone jack, thus enabling private listening. This radio receiver weighed 20 pounds, and it was sold at a subsidized price for approximately $45.

The unique kerosene radio captured the interest of people in the United States.  The August 1958 issue of Radio & TV News featured a full page story of the Russian kerosene radio, together with three large photos of the receiver and its associated equipment.

Radio authorities in the United States also showed an interest in this unique radio receiver.  One particular radio company in Baltimore, Maryland procured one of these Russian made kerosene radios and studied it for its possible wider usage.

The Russian made kerosene radio was not the first in using high heat to power a radio receiver.  Similar experiments were conducted in England in the middle of last century, but they were abandoned as being too clumsy and too unreliable.

In commenting upon this information the also equally well known Horacio A. Nigro in Uruguay stated that the Russian made kerosene radios were imported into some areas in South America during the 1950s.  Then in the 196's, a small quantity were assembled in Uruguay itself.  However, as he concludes, they are today no more than an unusual curiosity. 
(AWR-Wavescan/NWS 593)
(photo/Pinterest)

World's Last Chance Radio, schedule updates



USA,  World's Last Chance Radio changes via WBCQ-6 Monticello, Maine
Effective: 06 Jul 2020

All times UTC
2200-2257 - 9330 BCQ 500 kW /?100?deg to SoAf Portuguese-additional and
2300-0055 - 9330 BCQ 500 kW / 175 deg to BRAS Portuguese, x 2200-0055UT

Plus additional World's Last Chance Radio
Effective: 01 Jul
0700-1000 - 11600 SCB 100 kW / 126 deg to N/ME Arabic, very good signal.

New updated schedule of WLCRadio
0100-0257 - 9330 BCQ 250 kW / 245 deg to ENAm English WBCQ-6 Monticello
0300-0557 - 9330 BCQ 250 kW / 270 deg to CNAm English WBCQ-6 Monticello
0600-0755 - 9330 BCQ 250 kW / 280 deg to WNAm English WBCQ-6 Monticello
0700-1000 - 11600 SCB 100 kW / 126 deg to N/ME Arab.NUTRS SPL Secretbrod
0800-0857 - 9330 BCQ 500 kW / 076 deg to FRAN French  WBCQ-6 Monticello
0900-0957 - 9330 BCQ 500 kW / 076 deg to PORT Portug. WBCQ-6 Monticello
1000-1057 - 9330 BCQ 500 kW / 076 deg to SPAI Spanish WBCQ-6 Monticello
1100-1255 - 9330 BCQ 500 kW / 180 deg to NSAm Spanish WBCQ-6 Monticello
1300-1357 - 9330 BCQ 250 kW / 220 deg to CeAm Spanish WBCQ-6 Monticello
1400-1555 - 9330 BCQ 250 kW / 300 deg to WCAN English WBCQ-6 Monticello
1600-1857 - 9330 BCQ 500 kW / 057 deg to U.K. English WBCQ-6 Monticello
1800-2100 - 9800 WOF 300 kW / 114 deg to N/ME Arabic ENC-DMS Woofferton
1900-2157 - 9330 BCQ 500 kW / 054 deg to GERM German  WBCQ-6 Monticello
2100-2400 - 6015 WOF 250 kW / 172 deg to NoAf Arabic ENC-DMS Woofferton
2200-2257 - 9330 BCQ 500 kW / 100 deg to SoAf Portug. WBCQ-6 Monticello
2300-0055 - 9330 BCQ 500 kW / 175 deg to BRAS Portug. WBCQ-6 Monticello
(DXB 06 Jul)

Weekly Propagation Forecast Bulletins


Product: Weekly Highlights and Forecasts
:Issued: 2020 Jul 06 0150 UTC
# Prepared by the US Dept. of Commerce, NOAA, Space Weather Prediction Center
# Product description and SWPC web contact www.swpc.noaa.gov/content/subscription-services
#
#                Weekly Highlights and Forecasts
#
Highlights of Solar and Geomagnetic Activity 29 June - 05 July 2020

Solar activity was very low. Region 2766 (N06 L=117, class/area Bxo/beta on 04 Jul) was the only active region on the visible disk. The region was in decay at the end of the reporting period.

Other activity included a DFS, approximately 18 degrees in length, which erupted in the SE quadrant beginning around 05/0630 UTC. Subsequent SOHO/LASCO C2 imagery showed the related CME signature after 05/1412 UTC. Analysis for an Earth-directed component is
ongoing.

No proton events were observed at geosynchronous orbit.

The greater than 2 MeV electron flux at geosynchronous orbit was at normal background to moderate levels.

Geomagnetic field activity ranged from quiet to unsettled. Unsettled levels were observed on 01 Jul due to sustained southward Bz and on 04-05 Jul in response to a positive polarity CH HSS. The remainder of the summary period was at quiet levels under nominal solar windco nditions.

Forecast of Solar and Geomagnetic Activity 06 July - 01 August 2020

Solar activity is expected to be at very low levels throughout the outlook period.

No proton events are expected at geosynchronous orbit.

The greater than 2 MeV electron flux at geosynchronous orbit is expected to be normal background to moderate levels throughout the outlook period.

Geomagnetic field activity is expected to be at quiet to unsettled  levels. A recurrent positive polarity CH HSS is expected to cause isolated unsettled levels on 06 Jul and again on 31 Jul - 01 Aug. The remainder of the outlook period is expected to be at quiet levels. Analysis and modeling of the 5 Jul CME is not complete and the presence of an Earth-directed component is possible.



Product: 27-day Space Weather Outlook Table 27DO.txt
:Issued: 2020 Jul 06 0150 UTC
# Prepared by the US Dept. of Commerce, NOAA, Space Weather Prediction Center
# Product description and SWPC web contact www.swpc.noaa.gov/content/subscription-services
#
#      27-day Space Weather Outlook Table
#                Issued 2020-07-06
#
#   UTC      Radio Flux   Planetary   Largest
#  Date       10.7 cm      A Index    Kp Index
2020 Jul 06      69           8          3
2020 Jul 07      69           5          2
2020 Jul 08      69           5          2
2020 Jul 09      69           5          2
2020 Jul 10      69           5          2
2020 Jul 11      69           5          2
2020 Jul 12      69           5          2
2020 Jul 13      68           5          2
2020 Jul 14      68           5          2
2020 Jul 15      68           5          2
2020 Jul 16      68           5          2
2020 Jul 17      68           5          2
2020 Jul 18      68           5          2
2020 Jul 19      68           5          2
2020 Jul 20      68           5          2
2020 Jul 21      68           5          2
2020 Jul 22      68           5          2
2020 Jul 23      68           5          2
2020 Jul 24      68           5          2
2020 Jul 25      69           5          2
2020 Jul 26      69           5          2
2020 Jul 27      69           5          2
2020 Jul 28      69           5          2
2020 Jul 29      69           5          2
2020 Jul 30      69           5          2
2020 Jul 31      69          12          3
2020 Aug 01      69          10          3
(NOAA)

Saturday, July 04, 2020

Happy Independence Day from Teak Publishing






   TEAK PUBLISHING WISHES ALL OUR

   FOLLOWERS A VERY HAPPY      

   INDEPENDENCE DAY.