Wednesday, February 28, 2024

Charleston Radio raided and shut down


Harry Richman writes this sad news to Charleston Radio International's Facebook this afternoon (28 Feb):

"CHARLESTON RADIO INTERNATIONAL is shut down by authorities today afternoon. So it's history and I thank you for listening and posting over the years. The project was made for 100 years of AM Radio. I hope you remember me fondly BYE BYE"

In reply to a comment, he replied:
"they just took the transmitter with them. It goes to a Laboratory to check the power. And I will hear of them later. There was 3 mens here for the shut down, i was nice with them and they was also nice with me. 
They made photos of the transmitter place and the antenna. So now i wait for the Penalty bill."
Charleston Radio Int's daily broadcasts of old 1920s, 1930s music (from site in Germany or Switzerland?) were on 5140 kHz (occasionally 5135 to 5150 to avoid QRM) and usually gave good reception here after dark.
(Alan,Caversham, UK/BDXC)

Wavescan continues radio from Sweden, Part 2

Special thanks to Ray Robinson and Jeff White for sharing the Wavescan script of Part 2, discussing radio in Sweden.

Radio from Sweden -  Part 2 

Jeff: Last week, Ray Robinson began a two-part look at the history of radio broadcasting in the northern European country of Sweden.  So here to continue once again is Ray from Los Angeles.

Ray:  Thanks, Jeff.  You may remember that back in November in our short series on the history of radio jingles, I mentioned the Swedish offshore station Radio Nord, which was the first to use PAMS-style jingles in Europe.  Following the success of offshore radio in Denmark and The Netherlands, Radio Nord was setup by Jack Kotschak in 1960, with a 10 kW medium wave transmitter on board a ship called the MV Bon Jour.  The station broadcast very successfully outside the Stockholm archipelago in the Baltic Sea for 17 months from 21st February 1961 until 30th June 1962 on a frequency of 602 kHz, announced as 495 metres.

Radio Nord

In its short life, Radio Nord experienced both disaster and success.  It survived ice, storms, threats of seizure, and technical difficulties that face a shipborne station.

It was eventually closed down by government legislation, after having built up a huge following within Sweden, with an audience of 24% of the adult population!  Not only was Radio Nord a pioneer of radio in Sweden, it was also one of the pioneers of offshore radio in Europe and, to a large extent, provided the inspiration for the radio ships which later anchored off the British and Dutch coasts.  Indeed, the ship itself, the MV Bon Jour, was renamed the MV Mi Amigo and was famously used by Radios Atlanta and Caroline from 1964 to 1980.

In July 1962, largely as a result of the success of Radio Nord, a new pop music channel called P3 (or Program 3) was officially inaugurated, although at that time it only covered part of the country.

Radio Syd 

But Radio Nord wasn’t the only offshore station in Sweden.  While Radio Nord was still on air in March 1962, a second station, Radio Syd (owned by Mrs. Britt Wadner) was launched using the ship MV Cheeta which she had acquired from the Danish station Radio Mercur.  Radio Syd broadcast on various FM frequencies from the Öresund Sound between Malmö, Sweden, and Copenhagen, Denmark, and continued after the new Nordic anti-pirate law came into effect on 1st August 1962.  By March 1964, a poll showed that Radio Syd then had more listeners in the Malmö area than all three Swedish Radio networks combined.  Mrs. Wadner was prosecuted and fined several times, as were a number of the companies that advertised on Radio Syd.  She even spent one month in prison, although under Swedish law, she was permitted to continue operating her business from her jail cell – the operation of Radio Syd! 

In October 1964, the MV Cheeta sank after a particularly rough storm, but undeterred, Mrs. Wadner acquired a new ship which she called the MV Cheeta II, and was quickly back on the air again.  In fact, in 1965 she even made some test television transmissions on UHF.  In January 1966, the station was forced to leave its anchorage by bad weather, and the ship was leased to Radio Caroline for three months as a replacement for the MV Mi Amigo which had run aground and had to be taken to Amsterdam for a refit.  But in April 1966, a more severe anti-radio piracy law went into effect in Sweden, and Radio Syd never returned to the Öresund.  In fact in late 1967, the MV Cheeta II headed south, first to the Canary Islands, and then onwards to the port of Bathurst in the West African country of The Gambia, where she was used as a restaurant and nightclub.  And interestingly, Radio Syd did go on the air again as a licensed station in Bathurst (now known as Banjul), from 7th May 1970, on 908 kHz, 329 metres.  Here’s a clip of Radio Syd in Bathurst in 1971:

Mrs. Britt Wadner died at her home in Sweden in March 1987, and the operation in The Gambia was then managed by her daughter and son-in-law.  The station moved on land, and the ship itself sank in Banjul harbor in the early 1990’s.  The station did eventually move to an FM frequency, but the last entry for the station in the WRTH is in 2006.

In 1977 the Swedish P3 network introduced regional programming from 24 FM stations around the country, and stereo broadcasts became the standard in Sweden for the first time.  15 more stations were added in 1979.  Independent commercial radio finally became legal in Sweden in March 1993, more than 30 years after the government monopoly had first been broken by Radio Nord.

The best-known high-powered medium wave station in Sweden was located at Solvesborg, which used a power of 600 kW on 1179 kHz, 254 metres.  From the 60's to the 80's during the evenings, it relayed the Foreign Service of Radio Sweden for Europe, including one of the best-known entertainment shows on international radio - the Radio Sweden Saturday Show - presented by Dr. Roger Wallis, Sydney Coulson and Australian Kim Loughran, known as 'Kangaroo Kim'.  Here's a clip of Roger with guest former Radio Caroline DJ Dave Lee Travis on Saturday 16th September 1967:

The English language programs came at the end of each evening’s transmissions, at 11pm UK time, 6pm Eastern.  The first half hour of the Saturday Show was carried globally on both shortwave and medium wave, but then it continued for a further 60 minutes on medium wave only for Europe.  It was quite zany at times and liked to poke fun at itself in a way that was later imitated by Media Network on Radio Netherlands.

On Sundays, the same team also presented a show called ‘The Pops’ which showcased the best in home-grown Scandinavian pop music at the time.

And, we should remember too the long-running DX program from Radio Sweden, "Sweden Calling DXers", which was broadcast on Tuesday evenings.  Do you remember the way that show opened?

Sweden Calling DXers began with Arne Skoog in February 1948 as a guide for DXers and SWL’s, and it depended entirely on the logging contributions of its listeners.  As an incentive, if you contributed an item, the station would send you the printed script for six weeks.  I had a whole stack of them!  Versions of the show were broadcast in several European languages such as German, not just English.  The show was taken over by the American George Wood in 1978, the name was changed to MediaScan a few years later, and the program ended in 2001.

Domestically, on longwave, as in many other countries of Europe, there were three high-powered stations to blanket the country and reach Swedish-speaking communities in Finland and elsewhere.  These were located at Motala, Lulea and Gothenberg.  In 1962, the longwave service at Motala was transferred to a new location at nearby Orlunda.  However, Sweden abandoned use of longwave broadcasting in 1991, and the Motala building was then turned into a radio museum, where the original longwave transmitter can be seen on display.

Eventually, over the years, more than 100 medium wave stations had been established throughout Sweden, mostly with quite low power, though about half a dozen were described as high power stations.  Most of these were closed in favor of FM and DAB broadcasting in the 1990’s and early 2000’s.

Sweden then finally closed its two shortwave stations, Horby and Karlsborg, and the one remaining medium wave station at Solvesborg on 1179 kHz, on Saturday 30th October 2010.  Nationwide coverage on radio in Sweden is now obtained solely with several networks of FM stations and DAB multiplexes totaling anywhere up to 2,000 mostly lower power transmitters.

There were two other radio stations of note in Sweden.  A large communication station known as Goteborg Radio traces its earliest origins back to the year 1905.  This station was progressively located at four different sites over the years, and it has been well known under the callsigns SAG and SAB.

The other interesting station is the old spark wireless station at Grimeton which was inaugurated in the 1920's by King Gustav V.  The old long-wave Alexanderson alternator is still functional, and it is placed on the air once each year under the callsign SAQ.

Radio Sweden was a prolific verifier of reception reports and we are aware of at least 50 different designs for their QSL cards.  Likewise, many QSL cards have been issued for the old longwave transmitter SAQ, and for Goteborg Radio SAG and SAB.

Back to you, Jeff.

Jeff:  Thanks, Ray.  Next week, Ray will tackle a topic which I don't think has ever been covered in Wavescan before - the history of broadcasting in the tiny British Overseas Territory of Gibraltar.

Wavescan on Sweden MW, LW and IBRA - Part 1


Special thanks to Ray Robinson for sharing the script with our readers, discussing radio from Sweden, Part 1 

Jeff: Today, Ray Robinson begins a two-part look at the history of radio broadcasting in the northern European country of Sweden.  So, take it away, Ray.

Ray: Thanks, Jeff.  Sweden is the eastern country situated on the Scandinavian peninsula in Northern Europe.  It is nearly 1,000 miles long, with a total population of about 10½ million.

The earliest written history of this Nordic country was documented by the Romans some 2,000 years ago.  The daring exploits of the Vikings in their Atlantic quests to the west and the south have been chronicled and re-chronicled, though it should be stated that the Swedish Vikings usually traveled east, spreading out into Russia.

Actually, as the old records tell us, wireless came very early to Sweden.  It was back in the year 1900, that the Swedish navy borrowed some Marconi wireless equipment from the AEG company in Germany.  This electrical equipment was used in a series of successful wireless tests at Stockholm, on land and at sea.

Two years later, the first permanent wireless station in Sweden was installed in Stockholm, and in fact it was in use for ship communication for exactly 100 years.  This station was originally installed in the year 1902, it went through several series of modernizations, and it was ultimately closed on February 1, 2002.  The long history of the Swedish coastal radio station SDJ must be one of the longest terms of radio service anywhere in the world.

During the era of wireless telegraphy in Morse Code, a whole network of coastal and regional stations was established in Sweden.  These stations were installed mainly at coastal locations throughout the country and each callsign was issued in consecutive order, beginning with SAA in Karlskrone, SAB in Gothenberg, SAC in Trallerborg, and so on down through the alphabet.

And again, as the records tell us, radio broadcasting also came quite early to Sweden.  The first amateur radio broadcasters began their experimental transmissions during the year 1922, and interestingly, the callsign for each of these stations during this era consisted of four letters of the alphabet, beginning with SA or SM.  These days, a regional identification number is inserted into amateur callsigns in Sweden.

It is stated that there were many local stations on the air in Sweden during the 1920s and these were operated by radio clubs, commercial organizations and individual operators, as well as by the government Royal Telegraph Administration.  Music programs were on the air quite often from many of these longwave and medium-wave stations.

The Swedish government announced in 1924 that it planned to nationalize the broadcasting industry, as in England, and on Thursday, January 1 of the next year, 1925, the new organization, Radiotjanet, produced its first network broadcast.  This epic radio occasion was a special program held in Jakob's Church Stockholm.

By the late 1920s, there were 15 medium wave stations scattered throughout Sweden, all of which used four-letter callsigns beginning with either SA or SM.
In the mid-1930s, Sweden had two shortwave stations on the air with program broadcasting.  These two stations, both with amateur style callsigns, SM5SD and SM5SX, were located in Stockholm, and they were logged in the United States and Australia.

Station SM5SX was installed at the Technical University and its operating channel was 15080 kHz.

With political tensions rising in Europe during the late 1930s, Swedish Radio and the Foreign Ministry decided that Sweden needed to have a more robust voice to the outside world.  A longwave station had been inaugurated at Motala in the summer of 1927, and it was at this location 10 years later that two Swedish-made shortwave transmitters rated at 12 kW each were installed.  One of these new units was inaugurated in 1938, and the other in 1939.  These transmitters used four different channel callsigns, SBO and SBU on one, and SBP and SBT on the other.  In December 1939, news in English, French and German went on the air for the first time.  Even though Sweden was a neutral country, it was still impacted by the privations of war, and wanted the world to understand that.

After things settled down in Europe in the post-war years and the Cold War took hold, Sweden placed an order with the Marconi company in England for the purchase of two shortwave transmitters at 100 kW each.  These two units were installed at the already existing radio station located at Horby which had been erected in 1928, and they were inaugurated in 1952.  The use of the two older 12 kW shortwave transmitters at Motala was phased out after the two 100 kW shortwave transmitters were inaugurated at Horby.

In 1972, two 500 kW shortwave transmitters were ordered.  One was installed at Horby, but due to coronal arcing in the antenna system during foggy weather, they had to reduce the power level to 350 kW.

The other 500 kW shortwave transmitter was installed at Karlsborg, a station which had originally been established back in 1918 as a spark wireless communication facility.  However, the output of this unit was also reduced to 350 kW due to a similar coronal arcing problem in the antenna system.

In 1955, the Swedish Pentecostal Movement set up a Christian broadcast ministry in Stockholm called I-B-R-A or IBRA Radio, which produced programs in many languages for transmission on various stations around the world.  Initially, they broadcast via the shortwave transmitters of Radio Tangier in Morocco, and in the 60’s they added HCJB in Quito, Ecuador, as well as many local stations around the world.  From the 70’s onwards, they expanded dramatically, producing programming that was also heard on shortwave via:
Radio Trans Europe in Sines, Portugal,
Radio Mediterranean in Malta,
High Adventure in South Lebanon,
FEBA in the Seychelles, and
FEBC in the Philippines,
as well as on local stations in over 100 countries and in more than 60 languages.  In the 2000’s their broadcast activities have been scaled back in favor of more emphasis on usage of social media, but they are still active on shortwave in 2024, broadcasting now in a dozen or so African and Asian languages from Encompass transmitters around the world.  IBRA, though, has always followed a policy of buying time on established stations, and has never transmitted from within Sweden.

Next week when we continue the story of radio broadcasting in Sweden, we’ll look at the impact offshore stations had in the 1960’s at shaking up the official radio networks there, and we’ll also be remembering some of Radio Sweden’s external service programs that were so beloved by shortwave listeners.
(Photo credit/Flicker)

Tuesday, February 27, 2024

WRTH - Unlock the Lottery Excitement !


If you bought a copy of the 2024 WRTH, remember to enter the WRTH's prize draw by March 10th - details of how to enter on page 64 of the WRTH. Prizes revealed by WRTH today are listed below.
(if you still need to buy your copy, the club has a few copies in stock here for immediate despatch to UK members - email me for details and to reserve a copy tropical at - Alan)
Reminder from the WRTH publishers today:

Unlock the Excitement! Join Our Lottery for a Chance to Win Prizes!
We're thrilled to bring you an exclusive opportunity to win fantastic prizes in our latest lottery. 
Prizes Up for Grabs:

1. NXP TEF6686 Based Radio (Model selected by WRTH team):
Immerse yourself in top-notch radio technology with a model handpicked by the WRTH team. It's a chance to elevate your radio experience!

2. DEGEN DE13 Ultimate Multi-functional Survival Radio (Sponsored by Bonito):
Stay prepared for any adventure with the DEGEN DE13 survival radio, generously sponsored by Bonito. A must-have for outdoor enthusiasts and those who value preparedness.

3. Boni-Whip Active Antenna (Sponsored by Bonito):
Compact bonuses whip antenna for excellent reception in long, medium, and shortwave range. Ideal for shortwave receivers and SDRs.

4. RTL-SDR Dongle (Model selected by WRTH team):
Explore the world of software-defined radio with the RTL-SDR dongle, thoughtfully chosen by the WRTH team. Unleash a spectrum of frequencies and take your radio hobby to new heights.

For Existing Book Owners:
If you've already purchased our book, you're in luck! Turn to page 64 for detailed information on how to join the lottery. Your chance to win one of these incredible prizes awaits you!

 For Those Yet to Own Our Book:
Haven't ordered your copy yet? Now is the perfect time! Purchase the book and become part of our exciting lottery. It's a win-win – valuable knowledge and a shot at fantastic prizes!
Unlock the Excitement! Join Our Lottery for a Chance to Win Prizes! 

Make sure you submit your entries by March 10, 2024. The winners will be announced in March, so stay tuned for the big reveal!

Monday, February 26, 2024

HAARP to Transmit Experiments February 28 Through March 3


The High-frequency Active Auroral Research Program (HAARP) will be conducting a research campaign February 28-March 3 UTC, with operating times specified in the table below. Operating frequencies will vary, but all HAARP transmissions will be between 2.8 MHz and 10 MHz. Actual transmit days and times are highly variable based on real-time ionospheric and/or geomagnetic conditions. All information is subject to change.

These experiments will help lead to a greater understanding of the production and enhancement of ELF/VLF waves, as well as lay the groundwork for future studies of satellite interactions with space plasma. For more information on ELF/VLF wave generation with HAARP, see the online HAARP FAQ at
(photo/VOA News)

A few things to consider for DIY radio projects


A Place for Every Part …
… and every part in its place

BY John Bisset  
Published February 14, 2024 

Engineers. With the sponsorship of SCMS the webinar was free, so the next time you deal with SCMS, please express your appreciation for their help in educating engineers and their support of the society. You can watch the webinar on demand. 

When I shared a tip about organizing the parts in your workshop, I showed Fig. 1. Dave Morgan, CBRE, director of engineering for Sinclair Telecable in Norfolk, saw something eerily familiar. He shares Fig. 2, a “master” parts depot at a transmitter site. Similar shelving, bins and methodologies!

Dave admits that his bins are a work in progress, as his team sorts and consolidates parts from various transmitter sites accumulated over decades. This particular site has room for a “master” parts depot as well as equipment storage. 

The AM Radio for Every Vehicle Act will help protect our emergency infrastructure


Commentary: AT&T Outage Again Proves Why AM Matters 

On Feb. 22, millions of Americans lost complete access to their cellular reception thanks to signal blackouts that crossed the entire country. This episode, while unfortunate, demonstrates just how crucial it is for Congress to begin shoring up the United States’ emergency infrastructure. 

Losing cell service for significant periods does not just present work and scheduling inconveniences. It also poses grave threats to public safety. 

Pete Gaynor served as administrator of the Federal Emergency Management Agency and acting secretary of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security.
(graphic/Jacobs Media)

This Shortwave Station’s Transmitter Site Sits Pretty in the Tropics


KTWR's home is on Guam, which makes for some interesting broadcasting

Published February 23, 2024, updated February 25, 2024 

If you’re an avid Radio World reader, you know that we love to highlight unique radio facilities, whether they be local or abroad. If you happen to love that sort of content, you’re in luck!

Broadcasting since 1954, Trans World Radio, or TWR, is a Christian radio distributor that collaborates with U.S.-based radio stations to spread the gospel via local FMs, mediumwave or high-powered AMs, and shortwave transmitters.

According to its website, TWR’s programming is broadcast in 200-plus languages on air, online and on the ground in 190 countries. It is celebrating its 70th anniversary this month.

With such an extensive résumé, TWR was bound to have at least a few unique transmitter sites. One such site that we’ll share with you here can be found “Where America’s Day Begins,” floating just above the equator in the western Pacific Ocean.

In Micronesia, TWR’s shortwave member station on Guam, KTWR, serves listeners across most of Asia, spanning Siberia to India to Indonesia.

The KTWR site has three transmitters, one 100 kW HC100 and two 250 kW TSW2250Ds. The six TCI curtain antennas (one 2x2x1.5, one 2x3x.5 and four 4x4x1) were installed during various years from 1977 to 1998. Radio World is told that TWR installed the antennas and transmitters with its own personnel and volunteers.

Additional story at: 
(photo/Mike Sabine-TWR)

Weekly Propagation Forecast Bulletins

 Product: Weekly Highlights and Forecasts
:Issued: 2024 Feb 26 0223 UTC
# Prepared by the US Dept. of Commerce, NOAA, Space Weather Prediction Center
# Product description and SWPC web contact tact
#                Weekly Highlights and Forecasts
Highlights of Solar and Geomagnetic Activity 19 - 25 February 2024

Solar activity reached high levels on 21 and 22 Feb and moderate levels on 23-25 Feb. The strongest of these events was an X6.3 (R3-Strong) flare at 22/2234 UTC, the strongest so far of the current solar cycle, from Region 3590 (N18, L=223, class/area=Fkc/1450 on 25 Feb), the largest region of the solar cycle so far. The region was responsible for two of other X-class flares, an X1.2 at 21/2307 UTC and an X1.7/2b at 22/0632 UTC, as well as 10 M-class (R1-Minor) flares. Despite the pronounced increase in flare activity, no Earth-directed CMEs were associated with the events from the Region. A Type II radio sweep on 21 Feb as well as a Type II and IV radio sweep on 22 Feb were both associated with events that were off the Sun-Earth line. While there were 13 other numbered active regions on the visible disk this week, they were either quiet or only produced C-class X-ray events. 

Other activity included a filament eruption in the NW quadrant beginning around 21/1500 UTC. Analysis and modeling suggested a glancing blow would be possible around 25 Feb. 

No proton events were observed at geosynchronous orbit.

The greater than 2 MeV electron flux at geosynchronous orbit reached moderate levels. 

Geomagnetic field activity was mostly quiet through 23 Feb, with a single isolated period of unsettled observed late on 20 Feb due to weak transient influence. Late on 24 Feb, the arrival of a CME from the filament eruption on 21 Feb was observed. The geomagnetic field responded with unsettled conditions that would persist through 25 Feb. 

Forecast of Solar and Geomagnetic Activity 26 February - 23 March 2024

Solar activity is expected to be at moderate levels (R1-R2/Minor-Moderate) through 02 Mar, when Region 3590 (N18, L=223, class/area=Fkc/1450 on 25 Feb) rotates off the visible disk. While flare potential will likely decrease substantially from 02 Mar through the end of the period, a chance for M-class activity will remain due to multiple significant regions on the far side of the Sun due to rotate back onto the visible disk. 

There is a slight chance for proton events (S1-Minor) at geosynchronous orbit through 02 Mar due to the flare potential of Region 3590. 

The greater than 2 MeV electron flux at geosynchronous orbit is expected to be at moderate levels. 

Geomagnetic field activity is expected to reach unsettled levels on 26-28 Feb due to negative polarity CH HSS influence. The remainder of the outlook period is likely to mostly quiet. 

Product: 27-day Space Weather Outlook Table 27DO.txt
:Issued: 2024 Feb 26 0223 UTC
# Prepared by the US Dept. of Commerce, NOAA, Space Weather Prediction Center
# Product description and SWPC web contact
#      27-day Space Weather Outlook Table
#                Issued 2024-02-26
#   UTC      Radio Flux   Planetary   Largest
#  Date       10.7 cm      A Index    Kp Index
2024 Feb 26     180          12          3
2024 Feb 27     175          10          3
2024 Feb 28     175          10          3
2024 Feb 29     180           5          2
2024 Mar 01     175           5          2
2024 Mar 02     170           5          2
2024 Mar 03     170           5          2
2024 Mar 04     172           5          2
2024 Mar 05     172           5          2
2024 Mar 06     170           5          2
2024 Mar 07     165           5          2
2024 Mar 08     165           5          2
2024 Mar 09     165           5          2
2024 Mar 10     168           5          2
2024 Mar 11     165           5          2
2024 Mar 12     165           5          2
2024 Mar 13     160           5          2
2024 Mar 14     160           5          2
2024 Mar 15     168           5          2
2024 Mar 16     172           5          2
2024 Mar 17     175           5          2
2024 Mar 18     175           5          2
2024 Mar 19     178           5          2
2024 Mar 20     180           5          2
2024 Mar 21     180           5          2
2024 Mar 22     180           5          2
2024 Mar 23     180           5          2

Saturday, February 24, 2024

Announcements from Tilford Productions on broadcasts


This confirms today's announcement in The Spectrum Monitor that From the Isle of Music and Uncle Bill's Melting Pot will be doing its final broadcasts on WBCQ in March and migrating to Europe in April.  It was a good 9-year run, but the limited resources available to both programs can be more effectively focused in Europe.  More details next month. 

Many thanks to Allan and Angela Weiner for their wonderful support during my stay, and my gratitude for that makes the next part of this communique distasteful to me but necessary. The station's website has always been the weak link in the chain, and for some weeks now, it has listed my name and an email address in the staff section on the front page despite my repeated requests that the listing be removed since I decided rather quickly several weeks ago not to act in that capacity after all.   Any emails to and from that address ( are neither read nor written by me nor have I been acting on behalf of the station.  Again, these lines would have been wholly unnecessary if anything resembling regular website maintenance were being done. 

I look forward to reconnecting with my former European audiences in April, and North, Central and South American listeners should still be able to catch the show via web sdrs.  
Bill Tilford

Radio Delta set to broadcast on February 25


This week we are broadcasting on 6100 kHz and 12.030 kHz shortwave. Our transmission will begin on February 25th at 6.00 UTC on 6110 kHz. For reception reports or music requests, please send a message to We’ve been busy selecting new music for our broadcasts this week, and many new tracks have been added to our collection.

On our news page you can read two stories:

from Radio Monique and catch up on the latest developments through videos;
you can also delve into the experiences of our dedicated listener, Lennart Wennberg from Sweden, as he shares his insights on listening to radio stations.
We’ve created exciting videos showcasing the latest updates at Radio Monique. Tune in to 1332 for a week and share your reception reports with us. Stay tuned as we plan to enhance the antenna at Radio Monique next week. Our dipole antenna, currently hanging low, will undergo improvements.

We wish you a delightful listening experience! Your Gateway to Engaging Broadcasts!

NASA-Funded Science Projects Tuning In to ‘Eclipse Radio’

 This topic was touched on briefly during Loyd Van Horn's DX Central LIVE! program from February 24th. . If your not watching his live show, you are missing out! The next program will be Friday, March 1, 2024 at 1845 CST. (0045 UTC) at

As the eclipse nears on April 8, we'll be covering more on this topic as related to radio.

FEB 20, 2024
Miles Hatfield
On April 8, 2024, a total solar eclipse will cross parts of the United States. For millions of people along the path of totality, where the Moon will completely cover the Sun, it may feel like an eerie daytime darkness has descended as temperatures drop and wind patterns change. But these changes are mild compared to what happens some 100 to 400 miles above our heads in an electrically conductive layer of our atmosphere known as the ionosphere, where the “false night” of an eclipse is amplified a hundredfold. Three NASA-funded experiments will investigate the eclipse’s effects on the ionosphere through the power of radio, a technology well suited to studying this enigmatic layer of our atmosphere. 

Thursday, February 22, 2024

Encore classical music from Radio Tumbril

Regular Broadcast times of Encore By WRMI and Channel 292 are:
02:00 - 03:00 UTC Friday 5850 kHz WRMI to US
20:00 - 21:00 UTC Friday 15770 kHz WRMI to Europe
11:00 - 12:00 UTC Saturday 9670 kHz Channel 292 to Europe
01:00 - 02:00 UTC Sunday 5850 kHz WRMI to US and Canada
18:00 - 19:00 UTC Sunday 3955 kHz Channel 292 to Europe (Broadcast on 9670 for time being)
03:00 - 04:00 UTC Monday 5950 kHz WRMI to the US and Canada
13:00 - 14:00 UTC Tuesday 15770 kHz WRMI to Europe, the east coast of the US, and Iceland. (Sometimes RTTY on the lower sideband. Suggest notch out or use USB.)
Some Things to see on The Encore Website:
The Encore website is where you will find:
Important information about funding of Encore - Radio Tumbril.
Up-to-date transmission times and frequencies.
The playlists for the most recent programs.
An email link.
Informal reception reports as well as those requesting eQSL cards are welcome.
WRMI and Channel 292 are very generous with their air-time but Encore still costs around 100 Dollars/Euros a month to broadcast.
If you can - please send a small contribution to help Encore keep going.
THE DONATION BUTTON AND 'BUY ME A COFFEE' BUTTON are on the homepage of the website - - which folks can use if they would like to support Encore.
(Please don't be put off by the POWR security wall when using the PAYPAL button - it is a harmless requirement of WIX the website hosting service.)
THIS FORTNIGHT'S PROGRAMME - (First broadcast this FRIDAY 23rd Feb) by WRMI at 0200 UTC on 5850, (and 2000 UTC on 15770) and then Channel 292 on SATURDAY (24th Feb) at 11:00 UTC on 9670 kHz):

Starts with part of the Concerto for Flute, Harp, and Orchestra by Mozart, some Tango-inspired music from Argentina, and an example of music for high Baroque trumpet by J S Endler.
After that an arrangement for piano quartet of The Sea and the Seagulls from Rachmaninoff, and some film score by Caroline Shaw.
The last piece is the first movement of Borodin's Quartet No. 2.
A very good site for online SDR receivers all over the world is:  Click the 'Map' button in the top left of the screen.
Thank you for spreading the word about Encore - Classical Music on Shortwave on Radio Tumbril - and thank you for your support.
Brice Avery - Encore - Radio Tumbril - 

BBC chief pledges to keep ‘all local radio services’ amid £500m cost-cutting


The broadcaster has been reassessing its priorities over the last year as it seeks to make huge savings.
Naomi Clarke

BBC director-general Tim Davie has confirmed that he plans to keep “all the local radio services” as the corporation continues to implement cost-saving measures.

The broadcaster has been reassessing its priorities over the last year as it seeks to make £500 million of savings after coming under financial strain due to the licence fee being frozen and inflation rising.

The proposed plans for local radio stations to share more content and transmit fewer programmes unique to their areas resulted in BBC local journalists taking strike action last year.

Additional story at: 

Tuesday, February 20, 2024

Radio New Zealand to sell off Auckland land to pay for AM radio network


Jonathan Killick
Radio New Zealand (RNZ) is looking for a buyer for a block of land it owns in West Auckland to plug a financial hole and keep broadcast on the AM spectrum alive, at least for now.

The 7.4ha block in Henderson, metres away from the Lincoln Rd off-ramp, is home to a long-standing red and white transmission tower.

When RNZ’s predecessor bought the land in 1934 it was a rural pasture, but it has long since been enveloped by urban sprawl. It has grown to a rateable value of $6 million.

But, while the value of the land has continued to increase, the cost of the ageing AM transmission network has become a burden on the broadcaster.

Chief technology and operations officer Mark Bullen said RNZ was looking at having to spend up to $13 million across the whole network to keep it going.

Additional story at: 
Photo/ Zealand)

LRA Antarctica testing February 21


LRA36 Test Transmission

LRA 36 Radio Nacional Arcangel San Gabriel, will be conducting a test transmission on Wednesday, February 21st between 21:00 and 22:00 UTC on 15476 kHz (USB).

The purpose of this transmission is to adjust the new output stage that was installed on the Collins HF80 transmitter.

We welcome your reception reports, as well as audio and video recordings of the listening experience on the social networks of LRA 36 Radio Nacional, Arcangel San Gabriel by email to:  
(Horacio Nigro CX3BZ, Uruguay/[Adrian Korol, Argentina)

Monday, February 19, 2024

Radio Öömrang (Radio Amrum) scheduled for annual broadcast on February 21


The annual winter broadcast of Radio Öömrang (Radio Amrum), will be broadcast on February 21, 2024.

This special broadcast airs on February 21, a North Frisian holiday (Bikebrånen), and is relayed by Media Broadcast. It was founded by the amateur radio operator, Arjan Kolzow on the island of Amrum in North Germany.

The first broadcast was in 2006. Most of the programming is in the North Frisian language (Öömrang dialect) as well as Standard German and English. Programming is aimed at the descendants of North Frisian immigrants in North America. 

English station identifications are noted as, “this is Radio Öömrang, the freedom voice of  Öömrang.”

The 2024 broadcast is scheduled for 1600-1700 UTC on 15215 kHz (500 kW) relayed via Issoudun, France by Media Broadcast transmitter facilities. 

Radio Öömrang does not verify reception reports, however, you may direct your program details to: or postal address: Media Broadcast GmbH, Order Management & Backoffice, Erna-Scheffler, Strasse 1, 51103 Cologne, Germany. Additional contact 

For an audio sample from the 2016 broadcast, go to the Shortwave Central YouTube channel at: 

Radio Monique International launced on 1322 kHz


Radio Monique International has recently launched the 1332 kHz mediumwave frequency. Progress has been made with the installation of a new antenna last Saturday, February 17th. Further enhancements, including raising the antenna height and adjustments, are planned in the upcoming months. Visit our website to watch new videos soon showing developments at Radio Monique International.

Nico from Gouda HOL  (2024-02-18)
Ydun MW)

Radio Monique, the former offshore radio station alongside Radio Caroline, has successfully obtained a new license for 1332 kHz, marking a significant milestone in their broadcasting journey. Transitioning from their historical roots, Radio Monique now operates under a low-power AM license in the Netherlands.

Located in Velsen, the current broadcasting site provides a strategic base for their operations. On the 17th of February, a pivotal change occurred as the antenna frequency shifted from 918 kHz to 1332 kHz, enhancing the reach and clarity of their transmissions.

A notable addition to their setup is the installation of an old container at the factory, serving as the housing for the transmitter and antenna tuner. The current dipole antenna configuration will undergo further enhancements in the summer of 2024, promising improved broadcast quality.
Listeners can once again tune in to Radio Monique on 1332 kHz, with a power output of 100 Watt PEP. Despite the ongoing work ahead, gradual progress is expected over the coming months to achieve a robust medium-wave sound.

To provide a glimpse into the broadcasting site and antenna mast, several videos have been produced, offering an insight into Radio Monique’s operational setup.
Stay tuned for more updates as Radio Monique continues its journey towards delivering a high-quality broadcasting experience on the airwaves.

Kari Kallio to nordx iog (2024-02-20)
(Ydun MW)

Weekly Propagation Forecast Bulletins

 Product: Weekly Highlights and Forecasts
:Issued: 2024 Feb 19 0216 UTC
# Prepared by the US Dept. of Commerce, NOAA, Space Weather Prediction Center
# Product description and SWPC web contact
#                Weekly Highlights and Forecasts
Highlights of Solar and Geomagnetic Activity 12 - 18 February 2024

Solar activity reached high levels on 12 and 16 Feb, and moderate levels on 14-15 Feb. The largest event of the period was an X2.5/1n flare at 16/0653 UTC from Region 3576 (S16, L=060,  class/area=Fkc/660 on 14 Feb). Region 3576 was the largest and most active sunspot region of the period, and in addition to the X-flare, produced eight M-class flares throughout the week. Region 3582 (N06, L=035, class/area=Dai/240 on 13 Feb) produced an isolated M1 flare at 14/0310 UTC. No Earth-directed CMEs were observed during this period. 

The greater than 10 MeV proton flux reached S2 (Moderate) levels on 12-13 Feb, and S1 levels on 14 Feb, following a C6.9 flare at 12/0554 UTC from Region 3576. A peak flux of 118 pfu was observed at 13/0615 UTC. The greater than 10 MeV proton flux was elevated above background levels over 15-18 Feb, but remained below event thresholds. 

The greater than 2 MeV electron flux at geosynchronous orbit was at normal to moderate levels throughout the week. 

Geomagnetic field activity was quiet on 12 Feb. Active levels were observed on 13 Feb, and unsettled levels were observed on 14 Feb, due to the arrival of multiple CMEs from 10-11 Feb. Quiet conditions were observed over 15-17 Feb, and quiet to unsettled conditions were observed on 18 Feb. 

Forecast of Solar and Geomagnetic Activity 19 February - 16 March 2024

Solar activity is expected to be low with a varying chance for M-class flare activity throughout the period. Old Region 3575 (S37, L=177), which produced M-class flares last rotation and multiple CMEs during its transit of the far side, is expected to return to
the visible disk on 20 Feb. 

No proton events are expected at geosynchronous orbit, barring significant flare activity. 

The greater than 2 MeV electron flux at geosynchronous orbit is expected to be at normal to moderate levels throughout the outlook period. 

Geomagnetic field activity is expected to be mostly quiet throughout the outlook period. Unsettled conditions are likely on 19-20 Feb due to the anticipated arrival of a CME from 16 Feb, and again on 26-27 Feb due to negative polarity, CH HSS influences. 

Product: 27-day Space Weather Outlook Table 27DO.txt
:Issued: 2024 Feb 19 0216 UTC
# Prepared by the US Dept. of Commerce, NOAA, Space Weather Prediction Center
# Product description and SWPC contact on the Web

#      27-day Space Weather Outlook Table
#                Issued 2024-02-19
#   UTC      Radio Flux   Planetary   Largest
#  Date       10.7 cm      A Index    Kp Index
2024 Feb 19     160           8          3
2024 Feb 20     160          10          3
2024 Feb 21     165           5          2
2024 Feb 22     170           5          2
2024 Feb 23     170           5          2
2024 Feb 24     172           5          2
2024 Feb 25     172           5          2
2024 Feb 26     165           8          3
2024 Feb 27     165           7          3
2024 Feb 28     165           5          2
2024 Feb 29     155           5          2
2024 Mar 01     160           5          2
2024 Mar 02     165           5          2
2024 Mar 03     170           5          2
2024 Mar 04     170           5          2
2024 Mar 05     170           5          2
2024 Mar 06     170           5          2
2024 Mar 07     170           5          2
2024 Mar 08     170           5          2
2024 Mar 09     170           5          2
2024 Mar 10     165           5          2
2024 Mar 11     165           5          2
2024 Mar 12     165           5          2
2024 Mar 13     165           5          2
2024 Mar 14     165           5          2
2024 Mar 15     165           5          2
2024 Mar 16     165           5          2

Sunday, February 18, 2024

BBC Radio 4 longwave postpones closedown


Translated from French:

The end of BBCR4 LW 198 postponed a year till the end of March 2025 for energy conversions

As I predicted: the end of long waves in Great Britain is delayed by 1 year. (And this time, I can affirm that, unlike RTL and Europe 1, I had nothing to do with it!).
As explained previously: the transmitter broadcasts a teleswitch signal from the Energy Networks Association. This signal causes the prices of old electricity meters to vary. The contract between Elexon and the Energy Networks Association (ENA) aimed at passing on operational costs, amounting to almost 6 million euros, expired on March 31, 2024. The electricians had to replace all the old meters before this date. That’s far from being the case! Earlier this week, “This is Money” reported that the technology still powers 900,000 old meters.
As a result, the emissions will continue for 1 additional year, ending at the end of March 2025.
As always, we promise, the date will not be postponed again.
As always, the BBC can no longer guarantee operational and maintenance service beyond this date.

Michel Fremy, Radio Magazine FB group (2024-02-15)
(Ydun's MW)

Could Radio Pakistan return to the airways?

Radio Pakistan QSL from the Gayle Van Horn QSL Collection

Efforts underway for revival, financial stability of Radio Pakistan: PBC DG

KARACHI  -  Pakistan Broadcasting Corpora­tion (PBC) Director General (DG) Saeed Ahmed Sheikh, Tuesday, said that efforts were underway for the revival of past glory of Radio Pakistan and for resolving finan­cial issues of the corporation.

He was speaking during the visit of New Broadcasting House PBC Karachi on the occasion of World Radio Day being observed on February 13. Station Director PBC Karachi Mehboob Sultan, Deputy Controller News Malahat Soulat, DC Engineering Imranu­lah Khan, DC Admin Arbab Ali Rahujo, other officers, and staff members were also present at the occasion. The DG said that to make the corporation financially viable a new business plan has been envisaged and it will be pre­sented in the next meeting of the Board of Directors of PBC for approval.

All Classical Radio Gains a Historic Headquarters


Music will soar from the station's new skyscraper home


With the help of a generous benefactor, classical music — and classical music lovers — will soon have a new home in Portland, Ore.

All Classical Radio, KQAC(FM), has received the largest grant in the station’s 40-year history. The M.J. Murdock Charitable Trust of Vancouver, Wash., has gifted $750,000 in support of the network’s relocation campaign. Now, All Classical Radio is in the process of building a new headquarters at the historic KOIN Tower in downtown Portland, which will include five new production stu

In a Challenging Era, AM Stations Still Have Options


Let’s consider some of them


I have in recent years had discussions with several individuals about AM siting issues. Stations frequently lose their land leases or have to sell their land for economic reasons. Landlords and station owners find that the dirt under the AM tower or towers is worth far more for another purpose than as an AM site.

Many times, this news comes with little warning, and stations don’t have a lot of time to find another site. The other side of this double-edged sword is that it isn’t easy to build a tower anymore, even out in the middle of nowhere.

Full story at: 

Radio Bulgaria: A Beacon of Cultural Diplomacy and International Communication


From Short Waves to Global Reach
Radio Bulgaria's journey began under the moniker Radio Elza, marking the country's strategic move into the realm of international broadcasting. The initiative was propelled by the recognition of radio's potential to cross borders, connecting Bulgaria with distant lands and cultures. Over the decades, the service expanded its linguistic repertoire to include Bulgarian, French, English, German, Spanish, Russian, Turkish, Greek, Serbian, Albanian, and Romanian. This multilingual approach has not only showcased Bulgaria's rich cultural heritage but has also facilitated a dialogue with the world, fostering understanding and friendship between nations.

The dedication to providing genuine and pure news has been the cornerstone of Radio Bulgaria's operation. The journalists, although not widely known in their own country, display an unwavering commitment to their international listeners. Their efforts ensure that the essence of Bulgarian society, politics, and culture is conveyed accurately and thoughtfully to a diverse audience.

Additional story at: 

100 years of radio in Africa: from propaganda to people’s power

Colonial Africa
Radio is thriving across Africa. Exact figures are difficult to come by because audience research differs across countries. But studies estimate radio listenership to be between 60% and 80% of the continent’s 1.4 billion population.

In contrast to many Western countries, where there has been a shift towards streaming and podcasts, traditional radio continues to be widely embraced in Africa. Because of poor literacy levels and uneven access to the internet and technological infrastructure, old-fashioned radio remains a reliable and inclusive medium.

This year’s celebration of the 100-plus years of radio offers us an opportunity, as African media scholars, to reflect on the historical significance, cultural relevance, political power and social impact of the medium on the continent. We home in on examples from the regions we’ve studied to demonstrate this rich history.

Learn more about the early years, propaganda, and more at:

Channel 292 remains off the air


Tony Pavick of Pop Shop Radio reports, "A few days back I received an email from Rainer at Channel 292 that their 3955 frequency will be off the air for another two weeks at least. My guess is that we will see it back on the air the first full week of March."

RNZ Pacific transmitter back on-the air

RNZ Pacific's transmitter 2 is back on air, after fault repairs have been completed.

Shortwave broadcasts were temporarily interrupted, but our satellite internet and streaming services were unaffected.

The repair work on transmitter 2 was carried out by RNZ's Transmission Engineer Specialist Steve White.

Last year, RNZ Pacific's short-wave transmitter 1 was decommissioned, and work on installing a new Ampegon transmitter started in January. This has temporarily reduced our capacity to manage faults, without a short break in service.

We apologize to our short-wave listeners around the world, for any inconvenience this may have caused.

Previous article
RNZ Pacific's transmitter 1 replacement project begins at: 

Friday, February 16, 2024

FCC Plans Pirate Fine Against “Super Dany”


It says he has been running “La Bakana” in Hazleton, Pa.


The Federal Communications Commission plans to fine a man $40,000 for alleged pirate radio broadcasts in the eastern Pennsylvania city of Hazleton.

It has issued a notice of apparent liability against Brigido Danerys Gonzalez for radio signals on 90.1 MHz. It said it first became aware of the station, known as “La Bakana,” thanks to a consumer complaint, and that Gonzalez, aka “Super Dany,” has been directly involved in the operation of the station since at least May 2022.

The commission first traced the signals to the address of a grocery store. “Agents spoke with the owner of a supermarket located at the first transmission site who stated that he paid an individual who went by the name ‘Super Dany’ approximately $50 per month to advertise on La Bakana,” according to the FCC summary.

Full story at:

Shortwave Radiogram, Program 342


Hello friends

This reminder: The Shortwave Radiogram transmission Fridays at 1300-1330 UTC has moved to Wednesdays 1330-1400 UTC. This is on 15770 kHz from WRMI Florida. The updated schedule is provided below.

We were supposed to have one last broadcast last Friday at 1300 UTC, but due to a mixup the religious program that replaced us was broadcast instead.

The Wednesday 1330 UTC transmission is now the last of the Shortwave Radiogram week. Please tune in because this is the only Shortwave Radiogram on 15770 kHz and WRMI's curtain antenna, which is heard throughout much of the world.

Videos of last weekend's Shortwave Radiogram (program 341) are provided by Scott in Ontario, for the Saturday 2300 UTC broadcast and for the new Wednesday 1330 UTC broadcast. The audio archive is maintained by Mark in the UK. Analysis is provided by Roger in Germany.

Here is the lineup for Shortwave Radiogram, program 342, 16-21 February 2024, in MFSK modes as noted:

 1:46  MFSK32: Program preview
 2:54  MFSK32: NASA mission will explore ultraviolet in space*
 6:44  MFSK64: NASA tests hybrid laser and radio antenna*
11:45  MFSK64: This week's images*
27:42 MFSK32: Closing announcements

Please send reception reports to

(visit during the weekend to see listeners’ results)
Other Shortwave broadcast programs that include digital text and images include The Mighty KBC, Pop Shop Radio and Radio North Europe International (RNEI). Links to these fine broadcasts, with schedules, are posted here.
Thanks for your reception reports!

Kim Andrew Elliott, KD9XB
Producer and Presenter
Shortwave Radiogram
Reporting on international broadcasting at

Uncle Bill's Melting Pot set for Sunday broadcast


From Uncle Bill's Melting Pot:
Our next broadcast will be on WBCQ The Planet 7490 kHz on the shortwave bands Sunday, February 18 from 6-7pm EST (2300-0000 UTC).

The program will also stream on (it is livestream ONLY, not available on demand).
The first half will feature our special guest Falu, a GRAMMY® winner with multiple nominations whose biography is as fascinating and impressive as her music, often referred to as "Indie Hindi". She will share some of her music and talk about projects past and present.

The second half will feature a tribute to the late Peter Schickele (aka P.D.Q. Bach), perhaps the most brilliant classical music parodist who ever lived and a serious composer in his own right, who passed away last month.

Thursday, February 15, 2024

FCC Denies Reinstatement of New Mexico Station


Albuquerque Board of Ed’s effort fails to revive KRSN Los Alamos


An effort by a New Mexico school board to revive a local radio station appears to have failed.

The FCC’s Media Bureau last September had denied a request by the Albuquerque Board of Education to reinstate the licenses of KRSN 1490 AM in Los Alamos, N.M., and its FM translator. The school board then asked for a review, arguing among other things that the Media Bureau had not given the case the appropriate “hard look.”

But now the commission has upheld the outcome. Simply put, it found that the school board did not have the standing to file for KRSN’s reinstatement.